Modern revival of the philosophical and theological system developed by St. Thomas Aquinas and his later commentators.

Neo-Thomism follows Aquinas in distinguishing between the realms of nature (in which reason and philosophy hold sway) and supernature (in which faith and theology are dominant). Aquinas's thought was presented in philosophy and theology courses or manuals, especially in the Dominican Order, through the 17th and 18th centuries, though most manuals of this period were watered with the opinions of other Schoolmen and remained remote from modern concerns. The modern revival of authentic Thomism began in the 19th century under the influence of the Jesuits and the papacy, who sought a sound philosophical foundation on which to develop responses to contemporary intellectual and social problems. After the mid-20th century neo-Thomists attempted to develop an adequate philosophy of science, to take into account the findings of phenomenology and psychiatry, and to evaluate the ontologies of existentialism and naturalism. See also Jacques Maritain.

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      modern revival of the philosophical and theological system known as Thomism (q.v.).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • neo-thomism — |nē(ˌ)ō+ noun Usage: often capitalized N & usually capitalized T Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary ne + thomism : neo scholastic philosophy or theory concerned with the teachings of Thomas Aquinas …   Useful english dictionary

  • neo-Thomism —    see Thomism …   Christian Philosophy

  • Neo-Thomism — The movement that took its starting point from the encyclical Aeterni Patris issued by Pope Leo XIII in 1879, confirming the place of Aquinas as the guardian of orthodox Catholic theology. Philosophers working in the tradition include the French… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Neo-Thomism —  Неотомизм …   Вестминстерский словарь теологических терминов

  • Thomism — • In a broad sense, the name given to the system which follows the teaching of St. Thomas Aquinas in philosophical and theological questions Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Thomism     Thomism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Neo-Scholasticism — • The development of the Scholasticism of the Middle Ages during the latter half of the nineteenth century. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Neo Scholasticism     Neo Scholasticism …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Thomism — St. Thomas Aquinas (c. 1225 1274), the eponym of Thomism. Picture by Fra Angelico (c. 1395 1455) …   Wikipedia

  • Neo-Scholasticism — Part of a series on St. Thomas Aquinas …   Wikipedia

  • Thomism —    Broadly, Thomism is the school of thought that grants special authority to the systematic thought of Thomas Aquinas in theological and philosophical issues. More narrowly, Thomism involves the views of those within the Order of Preachers… …   Christian Philosophy

  • neo-thomist — I. “+ noun Usage: often capitalized N & usually capitalized T Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary ne + thomist : an adherent of neo Thomism II. adjective or neo thomistic …   Useful english dictionary

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