In China, a rationalistic revival of Confucianism in the 11th century that influenced Chinese thought for 800 years.The movement sought to reestablish the supremacy of the Confucian heritage over the increasingly popular Buddhism and Daoism. Its two principal schools of thought were the Lixue (School of Principle), whose chief philosopher was Zhu Xi, and the Xinxue (School of Mind), represented by Lu Xiangshan and Wang Yangming. Neo-Confucianism was introduced into Japan by Zen Buddhists and became the guiding philosophy of the Tokugawa period (1603–1867), providing a heavenly sanction for the existing social order. Its emphasis on classical literature led to renewed interest in the Japanese classics and a revival of Shintō studies.
* * *in China, a rationalistic revival of Confucian philosophy in the 11th century AD that exercised profound influence on Chinese thought for the next 800 years. See Confucianism.in Japan, the official guiding philosophy of the Tokugawa period (1603–1867). This philosophy profoundly influenced the thought and behaviour of the educated class. The tradition, introduced into Japan from China by Zen Buddhists in the medieval period, provided a heavenly sanction for the existing social order. In the Neo-Confucian view, harmony was maintained by a reciprocal relationship of justice between a superior, who was urged to be benevolent, and a subordinate, who was urged to be obedient and to observe propriety.Neo-Confucianism in the Tokugawa period contributed to the development of the bushido (code of warriors). The emphasis of Neo-Confucianism on the study of the Chinese Classics furthered a sense of history among the Japanese and led in turn to a renewed interest in the Japanese classics and a revival of Shintō studies (see Fukko Shintō). Most significantly, Neo-Confucianism encouraged scholars to concern themselves with the practical side of human affairs, with law, economics, and politics.Three main traditions of Neo-Confucian studies developed in Japan. The Shushigaku, based on the Chinese school of the philosopher Chu Hsi, became the cornerstone of education, teaching as cardinal virtues filial piety, loyalty, obedience, and a sense of indebtedness to one's superiors. The Ōyōmeigaku centred upon the teachings of the Chinese philosopher Wang Yang-ming (Wang Yangming), who held self-knowledge to be the highest form of learning and placed great emphasis on intuitive perception of truth. The Kogaku school attempted to revive the original thought of the Chinese sages Confucius and Mencius, which it felt had been distorted by the other Japanese Neo-Confucian schools.
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Neo-Confucianism — Not to be confused with New Confucianism, a movement that emerged in the 20th Century. Neo Confucianism (simplified Chinese: 宋明理学; traditional Chinese: 宋明理學; pinyin: Song Ming Lǐxué often shortened to 理學) is an ethical and metaphysical Chinese… … Wikipedia
Neo-Confucianism — an East Asian ethical and philosophical system originally developed from the teachings of the early Chinese sage Confucius. It is a complex system of moral, social, political, and religious thought that has had tremendous influence on the history … Mini philosophy glossary
neo-confucianism — “+ noun Usage: often capitalized N & usually capitalized C Etymology: ne + confucianism : a rationalistic revival of Confucian philosophy in the 11th century A.D. that exercised a pronounced influence on Chinese thought for over 800 years neo… … Useful english dictionary
Neo-Confucianism — The school of Chinese philosophy that developed the thought of Confucius from the Sung period (960–1279) onwards. It adds to Confucian ethics metaphysical discussion of the nature of such concepts as chi, li, and yin and yang, none of these being … Philosophy dictionary
Neo-Confucianism in Japan — Belatedly, Neo Confucianism also made its way into Japan, where it became the hegemonial frame of thought during the Edo period (1603 1867). Japanese Neo Confucians tended to take almost as much interest in the Wang Yangming interpretations of… … Wikipedia
Edo Neo-Confucianism — Edo Neo Confucianism, known in Japanese as rigaku (理学), refers to the schools of Neo Confucian philosophy that developed in Japan during the Edo period. The interest in Neo Confucianism in Japan began with the unsuccessful Japanese invasion of… … Wikipedia
Li (Neo-Confucianism) — Li （理）is a concept found in Neo Confucian Chinese philosophy. It may be translated as rational principle or law. It was central to Zhu Xi s integration of Daoism into Confucianism. Zhu Xi held that li , together with qi (氣: vital, material force) … Wikipedia
Neo-Confucian — Neo Confucianism … Philosophy dictionary
neo-Confucian — neo Confucianism, n. /nee oh keuhn fyooh sheuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to an eclectic philosophical movement of the 12th to the 16th centuries, incorporating Taoist and Buddhist elements with an adaptation of Confucianism. n. 2. an advocate… … Universalium
Confucianism — Confucianist, n., adj. /keuhn fyooh sheuh niz euhm/, n. the system of ethics, education, and statesmanship taught by Confucius and his disciples, stressing love for humanity, ancestor worship, reverence for parents, and harmony in thought and… … Universalium