Needham, John Turberville


Needham, John Turberville
born Sept. 10, 1713, London, Eng.
died Dec. 30, 1781, Brussels, Belg.

British naturalist.

He was a Roman Catholic priest, whose reading about microscopic organisms led him to study natural history in London and Paris (1746–49). He became a strong supporter of the theory that life arose from inorganic matter (spontaneous generation) and that life processes cannot be explained by the laws of chemistry and physics (vitalism). In 1750 he presented his theory of spontaneous generation and attempted to offer scientific evidence supporting it.

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▪ British naturalist
born Sept. 10, 1713, London
died Dec. 30, 1781, Brussels

      English naturalist and Roman Catholic divine, first clergyman of his faith to become a fellow of the Royal Society of London (1768).

      He was ordained in 1738 but spent much of his time as a teacher and tutor. His reading about animalcules (microscopic organisms) aroused an interest in natural science, and from 1746 to 1749 he studied in London and Paris. He became a staunch advocate of the theories of spontaneous generation (life from inorganic matter) and vitalism (doctrine holding that life processes cannot be explained by the laws of chemistry and physics). In 1750 he presented his theory of spontaneous generation and attempted to offer scientific evidence supporting the theory. In 1767 he retired to the English seminary at Paris to pursue his scientific experiments. He also served as the director of the Imperial Academy in Brussels until 1780.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Needham, John Turberville — (10 sep. 1713, Londres, Inglaterra–30 dic. 1781, Bruselas, Bélgica). Naturalista británico. Era un sacerdote católico, cuyas lecturas sobre los organismos microscópicos lo indujeron a estudiar historia natural en Londres y París (1746–49). Se… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Turberville Needham — Naissance 10 septembre 1713 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Turberville Needham — (* 10. September 1713 in London; † 30. Dezember 1781 in Brüssel) war ein römisch katholischer Priester und englischer Naturforscher. In seinem Werk Observations upon the Generation, Composition, and Decomposition of Animal and Vegetable… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Turberville — John Turberville Needham Pour les articles homonymes, voir John et Needham. John Turberville Needham, né à Londres en 1713, mort en 1781, est un physicien anglais. Il est célèbre par des observations microscopiques dont il concluait la génération …   Wikipédia en Français

  • john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… …   Universalium

  • John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… …   Universalium

  • John Needham — John Turberville Needham (10 de septiembre de 1713 30 de diciembre de 1781), biólogo inglés. En 1745 John Needham realizó un experimento; hirvió caldo de carne para destruir los organismos preexistentes y lo colocó en un recipiente que no estaba… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Needham — bezeichnet Personen: David Needham (* 1949), englischer Fußballspieler Francis Charles Needham, 3. Earl of Kilmorey (1842–1915), Peer und Abgeordneter der Conservative Party im Parlament Hal Needham (* 1931), US amerikanischer Stuntman, Regisseur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Needham — John Turberville Needham (10 de septiembre de 1713 30 de diciembre de 1781), biólogo inglés. En 1745 John Needham hirvió trozos de carne para destruir los organismos preexistentes y los colocó en un recipiente abierto. Al cabo de un tiempo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • John Needham — Infobox Scientist name = PAGENAME box width = image width =150px caption = PAGENAME birth date = 10 September 1713 birth place = death date = 30 December 1781 death place = residence = citizenship = nationality = English ethnicity = field =… …   Wikipedia


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