- Naseby, Battle of
(June 14, 1645) Decisive battle in the English Civil Wars between the Parliamentary New Model Army and the royalist army of Charles I.The two armies met near Naseby, south of Leicester, and deployed along parallel ridges. The 10,000-man royalist force under Prince Rupert drove back part of the Parliamentary cavalry but then engaged in wild pursuit, leaving the royalist infantry exposed. The more disciplined Parliamentary force under Oliver Cromwell regrouped and counterattacked, routing the royalists and taking 4,000 prisoners. With the loss of his best soldiers, Charles could no longer meet the New Model Army in open battle and effectively lost the war.
* * *▪ English history(June 14, 1645), battle fought about 20 miles (32 km) south of Leicester, Eng., between the Parliamentary New Model Army under Oliver Cromwell (Cromwell, Oliver) and Sir Thomas Fairfax (Fairfax, Thomas Fairfax, 3rd Baron) and the royalists under Prince Rupert (Rupert, Prince) of the Palatinate; it largely decided the first phase of the English Civil Wars. The New Model Army had been following in pursuit of the royalists, who had left Oxford and stormed Leicester on May 30. The two armies met about a mile north of Naseby and deployed along parallel ridges between which lay a valley known as Broad Moor. The royalists, though outnumbered 14,000 to nearly 10,000, attacked all along the line. Rupert was successful in driving back the left wing of Parliamentary cavalry under General Henry Ireton but made the mistake of engaging in wild pursuit, thus leaving the beleaguered royalist infantry in the centre unsupported. The more disciplined Parliamentary cavalry on the right under Cromwell was then able to regroup and deliver a decisive assault on the centre. As a result the royalist army was completely routed, with the Parliamentarians taking about 4,000 prisoners and the royalists' artillery. With the loss of his best infantry regiments at Naseby, King Charles I could no longer meet the New Model Army in open battle and had effectively lost the war.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Naseby, Battle of — … Useful english dictionary
battle — battle1 battler, n. /bat l/, n., v., battled, battling. n. 1. a hostile encounter or engagement between opposing military forces: the battle of Waterloo. 2. participation in such hostile encounters or engagements: wounds received in battle. 3. a… … Universalium
Naseby Field — is the location of the Battle of Naseby, a cardinal battle of the English Civil War which resulted in a disastrous royalist defeat. It is located roughly twenty miles north of Northampton or roughly seven miles southwest of the town of Market… … Wikipedia
Battle of Marston Moor — Part of English Civil War The Battle of Marston Moor, by J. Barker … Wikipedia
Naseby — For the place in Otago, New Zealand, see Naseby, New Zealand. For the battle of Naseby, see Battle of Naseby. Coordinates: 52°23′49″N 0°59′18″W / 52.39692°N 0.988 … Wikipedia
Battle of Naseby — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Battle of Naseby caption=Battle memorial and beyond, the fields of Broad Moor, the site of the Battle partof=English Civil War date=June 14, 1645 place=Naseby, near Market Harborough, Northamptonshire… … Wikipedia
Naseby order of battle — The following units and commanders fought in the Battle of Naseby during the First English Civil War. Parliamentarian New Model Army (6000 Horse, 1,000 Dragoons, 7,000 Foot, 11 guns) Lord General Sir Thomas Fairfax Left Wing (Commissary General… … Wikipedia
Battle of Naseby — noun a battle in 1645 that settled the outcome of the first English Civil War as the Parliamentarians won a major victory over the Royalists • Syn: ↑Naseby • Regions: ↑England • Instance Hypernyms: ↑pitched battle • Part Holonyms: ↑ … Useful english dictionary
Naseby — noun 1. a village in western Northamptonshire • Instance Hypernyms: ↑town • Part Holonyms: ↑Northamptonshire 2. a battle in 1645 that settled the outcome of the first English Civil War as the Parliamentarians won a major victory over the… … Useful english dictionary
Battle of Camden — The Battle of Camden was a decisive battle for the British in the Southern theater of the American Revolutionary War. On August 16, 1780, British forces under Lieutenant General Lord Charles Cornwallis routed the American forces of Major General… … Wikipedia