Méliès, Georges


Méliès, Georges
born Dec. 8, 1861, Paris, France
died Jan. 21, 1938, Paris

French filmmaker.

He was a professional magician and manager-director of the Théâtre Robert-Houdin in Paris when he saw the first movies made by Auguste and Louis Lumière in 1895. In his film experiments he exploited the basic camera tricks of slow motion, dissolve, and fade-out. The first to film fiction narratives, from 1899 to 1912 he made more than 400 films, which combined illusion, comic burlesque, and pantomime in fantasy productions, including A Trip to the Moon (1902). He also filmed reconstructed news events as an early form of newsreel. Overtaken by the commercial growth of the film industry, he was forced to sell his studio in 1913.

Méliès

Rene Dazy
J.P. Ziolo

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▪ French filmmaker
born December 8, 1861, Paris, France
died January 21, 1938, Paris
 early French experimenter with motion pictures (motion picture), the first to film fictional narratives.

      When the first genuine movies, made by the Lumière brothers, were shown in Paris in 1895, Méliès, a professional magician and manager-director of the Théâtre Robert-Houdin, was among the spectators. The films were scenes from real life having the novelty of motion, but Méliès saw at once their further possibilities. He acquired a camera, built a glass-enclosed studio near Paris, wrote scripts, designed ingenious sets, and used actors to film stories. With a magician's intuition, he discovered and exploited the basic camera tricks: stop motion, slow motion, dissolve, fade-out, superimposition, and double exposure.

 From 1899 to 1912 Méliès made more than 400 films, the best of which combine illusion, comic burlesque, and pantomime to treat themes of fantasy in a playful and absurd fashion. He specialized in depicting extreme physical transformations of the human body (such as the dismemberment of heads and limbs) for comic effect. His films included pictures as diverse as Cléopâtre (1899; “Cleopatra”), Le Christ marchant sur les eaux (1899; “Christ Walking on the Waters”), Le Voyage dans la lune (1902; “A Trip to the Moon”), Le Voyage à travers l'impossible (1904; “The Voyage Across the Impossible”); and Hamlet (1908). He also filmed studio reconstructions of news events as an early kind of newsreel. It never occurred to him to move the camera for close-ups or long shots. The commercial growth of the industry forced him out of business in 1913, and he died in poverty.
 

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Méliès, Georges — (1861 1938)    Cinematographer, director, and film pioneer. Georges Méliès s first exposure to the cinema coincided exactly with the world s first exposure. On 28 December 1895, Méliès, a magician and the director of the Théâtre Robert Houdin in… …   Guide to cinema

  • Méliès, Georges — (1861 1938)    Cinematographer, director, and film pioneer. Georges Méliès s first exposure to the cinema coincided exactly with the world s first exposure. On 28 December 1895, Méliès, a magician and the director of the Théâtre Robert Houdin in… …   Historical Dictionary of French Cinema

  • Méliès, Georges — (Marie Georges Jean Méliès / December 8, 1861, Paris, France January 21, 1938, Paris)    The son of a wealthy footwear manufacturer, he enrolled in the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris and completed his studies of art in London, where he also became …   Encyclopedia of French film directors

  • Méliès, Georges — (1861 1938)    film producer, director    Georges Méliès, a pioneer filmmaker whose work had a profound effect on early cinema, was born in Paris. An illusionist by profession (he directed the Théâtre Robert Houdin) and set designer, he made of… …   France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present

  • Méliès, Georges — ► (1861 1938) Realizador cinematográfico francés. Tuvo una formación teatral y aportó innovaciones expresivas y técnicas en las que se intuyen soluciones cinematográficas: trucaje, puesta en escena, etc. Películas: Partida de naipes (1896) y… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Méliès,Georges — Mé·liès (māl yĕsʹ), Georges. 1861 1938. French film director who was the first to film fictional narratives and created the earliest special effects. His works include A Trip to the Moon (1902) and The Conquest of the Pole (1912). * * * …   Universalium

  • Méliès — Méliès, Georges …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Georges Méliès — Born Marie Georges Jean Méliès December 8, 1861(1861 12 08) Paris, France Died Januar …   Wikipedia

  • Georges Melies — Georges Méliès (* 8. Dezember 1861 in Paris; † 21. Januar 1938 ebenda) war ein französischer Illusionist, Theaterbesitzer und Filmregisseur. Er zählt zu den Pionieren der Filmgeschichte und gilt als Erfinder des „narrativen Films“ und der Stop… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Melies — Georges Méliès (* 8. Dezember 1861 in Paris; † 21. Januar 1938 ebenda) war ein französischer Illusionist, Theaterbesitzer und Filmregisseur. Er zählt zu den Pionieren der Filmgeschichte und gilt als Erfinder des „narrativen Films“ und der Stop… …   Deutsch Wikipedia


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