Muskogean languages


Muskogean languages
Family of about eight North American Indian languages spoken or formerly spoken across much of what is now the southeastern U.S. In the 16th century Koasati (Coushatta) and Alabama were probably spoken in what is now northern Alabama, Creek (Muskogee) and Hitchiti in Alabama and Georgia, and Apalachee in the Florida Panhandle.

To the west were Chickasaw in northern Mississippi and western Tennessee and Choctaw in central Mississippi. By the mid-19th century Apalachee was long extinct, and the forced removals of the 1830s (see Trail of Tears) had pushed most of the remaining Muskogean-speakers either west of the Mississippi or into Florida, where the Seminole continue to speak a dialect of Creek in central Florida and Mikasuki (Miccosukee) in the Everglades. The extant Muskogean languages continue to be spoken, at least by adults, with Choctaw (in Oklahoma and Mississippi) having the most speakers.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Muskogean languages — Muskogean Geographic distribution: southeastern North America Linguistic classification: Muskogean Subdivisions: disputed, see below …   Wikipedia

  • Languages of the United States — Official language(s) none Main language(s) English 82.1%, Spanish 10.7%, other Indo European 3.8%, Asian …   Wikipedia

  • Muskogean — noun 1. a member of any of the peoples formerly living in southeastern United States and speaking Muskhogean languages • Syn: ↑Muskhogean • Hypernyms: ↑Indian, ↑American Indian, ↑Red Indian • Hyponyms: ↑Alabama, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Muskogean language — noun a family of North American Indian languages spoken in the southeastern United States • Syn: ↑Muskhogean, ↑Muskhogean language, ↑Muskogean • Hypernyms: ↑Amerind, ↑Amerindian language, ↑American Indian language, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Muskogean — /mus koh gee euhn/, n. a family of American Indian languages of the southeastern U.S., including Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and several less well known languages. Also, Muskhogean. * * * …   Universalium

  • Muskogean — Mus•ko•ge•an or Mus•kho•ge•an [[t]mʌsˈkoʊ gi ən[/t]] n. peo a family of American Indian languages spoken or formerly spoken in the southeastern U.S., and, since the Indian removals of the 1830s, in Oklahoma, including the languages of the Choctaw …   From formal English to slang

  • Muskogean — n. group of Native American languages of southeastern USA (including Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Creek) …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Muskogean — [ˌmʌskə gi:ən, mʌ skəʊgɪən] noun a family of American Indian languages spoken in SE North America, including Creek and Choctaw …   English new terms dictionary

  • Classification schemes for indigenous languages of the Americas — This article is a list of different language classification proposals developed for indigenous languages of the Americas. The article is divided into North, Central, and South America sections; however, the classifications do not always neatly… …   Wikipedia

  • Gulf languages — Gulf is a proposed native North American language family composed of the Muskogean languages, along with four extinct language isolates. The four isolates are the Atakapa language [aqp] , Chitimacha language [ctm] , Natchez language [ncz] and… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.