- Morgan, Julia
born Jan. 20, 1872, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.died Feb. 2, 1957, San FranciscoU.S. architect.She received an engineering degree from the University of California at Berkeley. The first female architecture student at the École des Beaux-Arts in Paris (1898), she later became California's first licensed woman architect. Morgan then commenced 40 years of architectural work that resulted in some 800 buildings, most of them in California, particularly in San Francisco. She opened her own architectural office in 1904, and the devastation of the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 provided her with the opportunity to design hundreds of homes and many churches, office buildings, and educational buildings in the Bay area. She is best remembered for designing William Randolph Hearst's private castle at San Simeon (1919–38).
* * *▪ American architectborn Jan. 20, 1872, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.died Feb. 2, 1957, San Franciscoone of the most prolific and important woman architects ever to work in the United States.Morgan was born into a prosperous family (see Researcher's Note: Julia Morgan's date of birth). She graduated from the University of California at Berkeley with a degree in engineering in 1894 and then studied architecture privately under the local architect Bernard Maybeck (Maybeck, Bernard (Ralph)), who encouraged her aspirations. Morgan went to Paris in 1896 and in 1898 became the first woman to be enrolled in the architecture section of the École des Beaux-Arts, from which she graduated in 1902. Returning to California, she became the first woman in the state to be granted an architect's license.Morgan then commenced 40 years of architectural work that resulted in some 800 buildings, most of them in California, particularly in San Francisco. She opened her own architectural office in 1904, and the devastation of the San Francisco earthquake of 1906 provided her with the opportunity to design hundreds of homes and many churches, office buildings, and educational buildings in the Bay area. After World War I she began work in earnest for the publishing magnate William Randolph Hearst (Hearst, William Randolph), who in 1919 commissioned her to build a country house that came to be known as Hearst Castle at his family ranch at San Simeon, California. Hearst commissioned several other residences from her as well. Morgan was involved with the building project at San Simeon for 28 years. She made it into one of the most lavish and ostentatious private residences in the world, and one that successfully incorporated much of Hearst's collection of antiques, works of art, and architectural elements.Morgan was an eclectic architect who worked in a variety of styles. She was notable for her meticulous craftsmanship, her creation of fine interior spaces, and her ability to deliver outstanding buildings within a tight budget.Additional ReadingSara Holmes Boutelle, Julia Morgan, Architect, rev. and updated ed. (1995), covers Morgan's life and career.
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Morgan,Julia — Morgan, Julia. 1872 1957. American architect who designed over 700 buildings in California and Hawaii, including Hearst Castle (completed 1947). * * * … Universalium
Morgan, Julia — (20 ene. 1872, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.–2 feb. 1957, San Francisco). Arquitecta estadounidense. Recibió el título de ingeniero de la Universidad de California en Berkeley. Fue la primera estudiante mujer de arquitectura en la École des Beaux… … Enciclopedia Universal
Morgan — Morgan, August Morgan, Charles Morgan, Henry John Morgan, Jacques Jean Marie de Morgan, Lewis Henry * * * (as used in expressions) Forster, E(dward) M(organ) J.P. Morgan Chase & Co. Morgan, Daniel … Enciclopedia Universal
Julia Morgan — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar … Wikipedia Español
Julia — /joohl yeuh/, n. a female given name: derived from Julius. * * * I born 39 BC died AD 14, Rhegium Only child of Augustus. She wed Marcellus, who died in 23 BC, then Agrippa (21), Augustus s chief lieutenant. Their two eldest sons were adopted by… … Universalium
Morgan — /mawr geuhn/, n. one of a breed of light carriage and saddle horses descended from the stallion Justin Morgan. [1865 70; named after the original sire owned by Justin Morgan (1747 98), a New England teacher] /mawr geuhn/, n. 1. Charles Langbridge … Universalium
Julia — ► sustantivo femenino 1 ZOOLOGÍA Pez marino lábrido, pequeño y alargado, de color azul con una banda ondulada naranja y con la aleta dorsal continua, con una mancha negra detrás de la aleta pectoral, que vive entre algas y rocas en aguas poco… … Enciclopedia Universal
Morgan Peter Kavanagh — (1800 – 1874) was an Irish author, poet, and novelist. He was the father of Julia Kavanagh. His first published works were poetry. He then wrote a book on linguistics called The Discovery of the Science of Languages (1844), which postulated the… … Wikipedia
Morgan Baker — Born 11 May 1997 (1997 05 11) (age 14) Melbourne, Victoria, Australia Occupation Actor Morgan Baker (born 11 May 1997) is an Australian child actor. He has been playing Callum Jones on the soap opera Neighbours since June 2008 … Wikipedia
Morgan (Name) — Morgan ist im angelsächsischen Sprachraum, besonders in Wales, Name verschiedener Personen, Orte und Objekte. Er kommt bei Personen sowohl als Vor als auch als Nachname vor und stammt aus dem Walisischen, wo er „vom Meer“ bedeutet. Familienname… … Deutsch Wikipedia