Montezuma Castle National Monument


Montezuma Castle National Monument
National monument, central Arizona, U.S. Situated in the Verde River Valley, it occupies an area of 842 acres (341 hectares).

Declared a national monument in 1906, it is the site of the country's best-preserved pre-Columbian Pueblo Indian cliff dwellings. The "castle" is a 5-story, 20-room adobe brick structure, dating from с AD 1100, built into the cliff face about 80 ft (24 m) above the valley floor. To the northeast is Montezuma Well, a large sinkhole rimmed with communal dwellings.

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 archaeological site in central Arizona, U.S. The monument lies in the Verde River valley just northeast of Camp Verde; Tuzigoot National Monument is about 20 miles (32 km) to the northwest. Established in 1906, it has an area of 1.3 square miles (3.4 square km) and comprises one of the best-preserved pre-Columbian Pueblo Indian (Pueblo Indians) cliff dwellings (cliff dwelling) in the United States.

      The “castle” is a five-story, 20-room mud-and-stone structure, dating from about AD 1100, built into a cavity in the limestone cliff face about 80 feet (24 metres) above the valley floor by the prehistoric Sinagua people. It is almost wholly intact. It has no connection with the Aztec emperor whose name it bears but was named by settlers who believed it was built by Aztec refugees from Mexico. To the northeast is Montezuma Well, a large sinkhole rimmed with communal Sinagua dwellings dating from about 1125 to 1400.

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