- Mesolithic Period
Ancient technological and cultural stage (с 8000–2700 BC) between the Paleolithic and Neolithic periods in northwestern Europe.Mesolithic hunters, using a tool kit of chipped and polished stone together with bone, antler, and wooden tools, achieved a greater efficiency than their predecessors and were able to exploit a wider range of animal and vegetable food sources. Immigrant Neolithic farmers probably absorbed many indigenous Mesolithic hunters and fishers. There is no direct counterpart to the Mesolithic outside Europe, and the term is no longer used to reflect a hypothetical worldwide sequence of sociocultural evolution.
* * *▪ prehistoric periodalso called Middle Stone Ageancient cultural stage that existed between the Paleolithic Period, with its chipped stone tools, and the Neolithic Period, with its polished stone tools. Mesolithic material culture is characterized by greater innovation and diversity than is found in the Paleolithic. Among the new forms of chipped stone tools were microliths, very small stone tools intended for mounting together on a shaft to produce a serrated edge. Polished stone was another innovation that occurred in some Mesolithic assemblages. Most often used to describe archaeological assemblages from the Eastern Hemisphere, the Mesolithic Period is broadly analogous to the Archaic culture of the Western Hemisphere.Although culturally and technologically continuous with Paleolithic (Paleolithic Period) peoples, Mesolithic cultures developed diverse local adaptations to special environments. The Mesolithic hunter achieved a greater efficiency than did the Paleolithic and was able to exploit a wider range of animal and vegetable food sources.Immigrant Neolithic farmers probably absorbed many indigenous Mesolithic hunters and fishers, and some Neolithic communities seem to have been composed entirely of Mesolithic peoples who adopted Neolithic equipment (these are sometimes called Secondary Neolithic).Because the Mesolithic Period is characterized by a suite of material culture, its timing varies depending upon location. In northwestern Europe, for instance, the Mesolithic began about 8000 BCE, after the end of the Pleistocene Epoch, and lasted until about 2700 BCE. Elsewhere, the dates of the Mesolithic are somewhat different. See also stone-tool industry.
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Mesolithic period — n. Middle Stone Age, period following the paleolithic period and preceding the Neolithic period … English contemporary dictionary
Mesolithic — microliths The Mesolithic The Epipaleolithic This box … Wikipedia
Mesolithic — [mes΄ōlith′ik, mez′ōlith′ik] adj. [ MESO + LITHIC] [sometimes m ] designating or of an Old World cultural period ( c. 10,000 c. 8000 B.C. ) between the Paleolithic and the Neolithic, characterized by the earliest exploitation of local and… … English World dictionary
Mesolithic — 1. adjective Of or referring to the Middle Stone Age (also the Mesolithic period or the Mesolithic age), a prehistoric period that lasted between 10,000 and 3,000 BC. See Also: lith 2. noun Short for the Mesolithic period … Wiktionary
period — /pear ee euhd/, n. 1. a rather large interval of time that is meaningful in the life of a person, in history, etc., because of its particular characteristics: a period of illness; a period of great profitability for a company; a period of social… … Universalium
Mesolithic — ► ADJECTIVE ▪ relating to the middle part of the Stone Age, between the end of the glacial period and the beginnings of agriculture. ORIGIN from Greek mesos middle + lithos stone … English terms dictionary
period of time — noun an amount of time (Freq. 7) a time period of 30 years hastened the period of time of his recovery Picasso s blue period • Syn: ↑time period, ↑period • Hypernyms: ↑ … Useful english dictionary
Mesolithic Age — noun middle part of the Stone Age beginning about 15,000 years ago • Syn: ↑Mesolithic, ↑Epipaleolithic • Instance Hypernyms: ↑time period, ↑period of time, ↑period • Part Holonyms: ↑Ston … Useful english dictionary
mesolithic — mesÂ·o lithÂ·ic || â€šmezÉ™ÊŠ lÉªÎ¸Éªk /mes adj. of or pertaining to the time period following the paleolithic period … English contemporary dictionary
Mesolithic — adjective Etymology: International Scientific Vocabulary Date: 1866 of, relating to, or being a transitional period of the Stone Age between the Paleolithic and the Neolithic … New Collegiate Dictionary