Mengs, Anton Raphael

Mengs, Anton Raphael
born March 22, 1728, Aussig, Bohemia
died June 29, 1779, Rome, Papal States

German painter.

After study in Dresden and Rome, he became painter to the Saxon court in Dresden in 1745. Back in Rome in the late 1740s and again in the early 1750s, he developed an enthusiasm for Classical antiquity. His fresco Parnassus (1760–61) at the Villa Albani helped establish the ascendancy of Neoclassical painting. He also worked extensively for the Spanish court in Madrid. He was regarded as Europe's greatest living painter in his day, but his reputation has since declined.

* * *

▪ Bohemian painter
Raphael also spelled  Raffael  
born March 22, 1728, Aussig, Bohemia [now Ústí nad Labem, Czech Republic]
died June 29, 1779, Rome, Papal States [Italy]

      painter who was perhaps the leading artist of early Neoclassicism.

      Mengs studied under his father in Dresden, Saxony, and then in Rome. He became painter to the Saxon court in Dresden in 1745 and executed a large number of portraits, most in brightly coloured pastels. Mengs returned to Rome in the early 1750s, and about 1755 he became a close friend of the German archaeologist and art critic J.J. Winckelmann (Winckelmann, Johann). He came to share Winckelmann's enthusiasm for classical antiquity, and, upon its completion in 1761, his fresco Parnassus at the Villa Albani in Rome created a sensation and helped establish the ascendancy of Neoclassical painting. Mengs also continued to paint portraits during this period, competing with Pompeo Batoni (Batoni, Pompeo Girolamo), the leading Rococo portraitist of the Roman school. In 1761 he went to the Spanish court at Madrid, where he worked on the decoration of royal palaces. From 1769 to 1772 Mengs was in Rome, decorating the Camera dei Papiri in the Vatican, and he returned to Spain from 1773 to 1777.

      Mengs was widely regarded in his day as Europe's greatest living painter. He eschewed the dramatic illusionism and dynamism of the Baroque style in his figural compositions, preferring instead to blend quotations from ancient sculptures with stylistic elements of Raphael, Correggio, and Titian. Mengs's reputation has declined precipitously since the 18th century. Some of his portraits display a freedom and sureness of touch. Mengs's treatise Reflections on Beauty and Taste in Painting (1762) was also influential in his day.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Mengs, Anton Raphael — (22 mar. 1728, Aussig, Bohemia–29 jun. 1779, Roma, Estados Pontificios). Pintor alemán. Después de estudiar en Dresde y Roma, en 1745 se hizo pintor de la corte sajona en Dresde. De regreso a Roma, a fines de la década de 1740 y nuevamente a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Anton Raphael Mengs — Mengs: Selbstporträt, um 1775 Anton Raphael Mengs (* 12. März 1728 in Aussig, Böhmen; † 29. Juni 1779 in Rom) war ein deutscher Maler. Inhaltsverzeichnis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Anton Raphael Mengs — Anton Raphael Mengs, Autorretrato de madurez (1773). Anton Raphael Mengs (Aussig, Bohemia, 1728 Roma, 1779), conocido también como Antonio Rafael Mengs, pintor neoclásico y teórico checo cuya obra se desarrolla fundamentalmente en España.… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Anton Raphael Mengs — Self portrait. Anton Raphael Mengs (March 12, 1728 – June 29, 1779) was a German painter, active in Rome, Madrid and Saxony, who became one of the precursors to Neoclassical painting. Contents 1 Biography …   Wikipedia

  • Anton Raphael Mengs — Raphaël Mengs Autoportrait (1773) Anton Raphaël Mengs, né le 12 mars 1728 à Aussig, en Bohême, mort le 29 juin 1779 à Rome, est un peintre et un écrivain d art …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anton Raphaël Mengs — Raphaël Mengs Autoportrait (1773) Anton Raphaël Mengs, né le 12 mars 1728 à Aussig, en Bohême, mort le 29 juin 1779 à Rome, est un peintre et un écrivain d art …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Anton Raphael Mengs — (Aussig, Bohemia, 1728 Roma, 1779), conocido también como Antonio Rafael Mengs, pintor neoclásico y teórico alemán cuya obra se desarrolla fundamentalmente en España. Nacido en Aussig (Bohemia) en 1728. Se formó en Dresde bajo la dirección de su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Raphael Mengs — Mengs: Selbstporträt, um 1775 Anton Raphael Mengs (* 12. März 1728 in Aussig, Böhmen; † 29. Juni 1779 in Rom) war ein deutscher Maler. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Mengs — ist der Nachname von: Ismael Mengs, sächsischer Hofmaler, Vater von Anton Raphael und Theresa Concordia Mengs Anton Raphael Mengs (1728–1779), deutscher Maler, Bruder von Theresa Concordia Mengs Theresa Concordia Maron (Theresa Concordia Mengs;… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • MENGS (A. R.) — MENGS ANTON RAPHAEL (1728 1779) À son époque, Anton Mengs passe pour le plus grand peintre d’Europe. Il semble catalyser les aspirations des premiers néo classiques qui, à la suite de Winckelmann, prônent le retour à la «manière simple et noble… …   Encyclopédie Universelle


Поделиться ссылкой на выделенное

Прямая ссылка:
Нажмите правой клавишей мыши и выберите «Копировать ссылку»