- Mendelsohn, Erich
died Sept. 15, 1953, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.German architect.While studying architecture in Munich, he was influenced by the Blaue Reiter group of Expressionist artists. Mendelsohn's Einstein Tower, Potsdam (1919–21), a highly sculptural structure, reflects his early preoccupation with science fiction. In the 1920s he designed a number of imaginative structures, including the Schocken stores in Stuttgart (1927) and Chemnitz (1928), notable for their prominent use of glass in strongly horizontal compositions. He fled the Nazis in 1933 and eventually settled in the U.S.; his American works include the Maimonides Hospital, San Francisco (1946).
* * *▪ German architectborn March 21, 1887, Allenstein, Ger. [now Olsztyn, Pol.]died Sept. 15, 1953, San Francisco, Calif., U.S.German architect known initially for his Einstein Tower in Potsdam, a notable example of German Expressionism in architecture, and later for his use of modern materials and construction methods to make what he saw as organically unified buildings.While studying architecture at the Technical Academy in Munich, he supported himself by selling his paintings and by designing decorations for store windows and stage productions. During that period he had close contacts with the Blaue Reiter (Blaue Reiter, Der) group of German Expressionist artists in Munich.While serving in the German army during World War I, he made a series of highly imaginative architectural sketches that attracted widespread attention when they were exhibited in Berlin shortly after the war.The sketches led to Mendelsohn's first commission after the war, the Einstein Tower, Potsdam (1919–21). This bizarre, highly sculptured structure caused an immediate sensation. He had intended the structure to convey the possibilities of poured concrete, but a shortage of this material necessitated the substitution of brick covered with cement. The hat factory of Steinberg, Hermann & Co. that he designed at Luckenwalde (1920–23) also had a striking appearance, and it was entirely functional as well.During the 1920s Mendelsohn designed a number of structures that were particularly notable for their prominent and imaginative use of glass in strongly horizontal compositions; outstanding were the Schocken stores at Stuttgart (1927) and Chemnitz (1928).Mendelsohn was forced to leave Germany in 1933, when the National Socialist (Nazi) Party came to power. He went first to Brussels and then to London. His most important work in England was the De La Warr Pavilion, Bexhill (with Serge Chermayeff, 1933), which had a glass-enclosed, semicircular stairway tower. During the same period, he carried out important commissions in Palestine, notably large hospitals at Haifa (1937) and Jerusalem (1938). In 1941 Mendelsohn went to the United States, and in 1945 he settled in San Francisco, where his important works include the Maimonides Hospital (1946). To his credit also are synagogues and community centres in St. Louis, Mo.; Cleveland, Ohio; Grand Rapids, Mich.; and St. Paul, Minn.Additional ReadingBiographies include Wolf Von Eckardt, Eric Mendelsohn (1960); and Arnold Whittick, Eric Mendelsohn, 2nd ed. (1956, reissued 1964).
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Mendelsohn, Erich — (1887 1953) architect; a leading exponent of functionalism. Born to a businessman of Russo Polish heritage in Allenstein, East Prussia, he studied architecture during 1908 1912. He took his doctorate in 1912 and came under the influence of… … Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik
Mendelsohn, Erich — ► (1887 1953) Arquitecto alemán. Autor del observatorio astronómico de Potsdam y los almacenes Schockem en Stuttgart. * * * (21 mar. 1887, Allenstein, Alemania–15 sep. 1953, San Francisco, Cal., EE.UU.). Arquitecto alemán. Mientras estudiaba… … Enciclopedia Universal
Mendelsohn, Erich — (1887–1953) German architect. Mendelsohn was an outstanding exponent of modern, functional architectural design and the use of free concrete forms. He left Germany in 1933 when Hitler came to power, and after a period in England lived for five … Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament
MENDELSOHN, Erich — (1887 1953) See EXPRESSIONISM … Historical Dictionary of Architecture
Mendelsohn — Mendelsohn, Erich … Enciclopedia Universal
Erich Mendelssohn — Erich Mendelsohn (* 21. März 1887 in Allenstein (Ostpreußen); † 15. September 1953 in San Francisco, USA) war ein bedeutender Architekt des 20. Jahrhunderts. Am bekanntesten sind seine Werke der 1920er Jahre, die sich am ehesten als… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Erich Mendelsohn — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Erich Mendelsohn (* 21 de marzo de 1887 en Allenstein (Prusia oriental), † 15 de septiembre de 1953 en San Francisco, EE. UU.) fue un reconocido arquitecto del siglo XX, máximo exponente de la arquitectura… … Wikipedia Español
MENDELSOHN (E.) — MENDELSOHN ERICH (1887 1953) L’architecture pourrait n’être qu’un art du dessin. Les quinze cents esquisses de l’architecte allemand Mendelsohn, dont le corpus fut publié de mai 1962 à octobre 1964 par la revue Architettura , figureraient alors… … Encyclopédie Universelle
Erich Mendelsohn — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Mendelsohn. La tour Einstein à Potsdam Erich Mendelsohn (Allenstein, 21 mars … Wikipédia en Français
Erich — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Prénom comme Éric en Allemand Erich Abraham Erich Auerbach Erich Bärenfänger Erich Bautz Erich Beer Erich Carl Walter Erich Dethleffsen Erich Eliskases … Wikipédia en Français