Meiji emperor


Meiji emperor

born Nov. 3, 1852, Kyōto, Japan
died July 30, 1912, Tokyo

Emperor of Japan during whose reign (1867–1912) the Tokugawa shogunate was overthrown, Japan was transformed into a world power, and the imperial throne came to the forefront of the political scene after centuries of being overshadowed by shogunal rule.

He believed in the need to modernize Japan along Western lines. Under the Meiji emperor the domains (han) and old class system were abolished, a new school system was introduced, and the Meiji Constitution was promulgated. Also during his reign Taiwan was annexed after the Sino-Japanese War (1894–95), Korea was annexed (1910), and Japan defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese War (1904–05). See also Tokugawa period; Meiji period; Meiji Restoration.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Meiji Shrine — 明治神宮 Torii leading to the Meiji Shrine complex Information Type …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji Restoration — n. revolution in Japanese life and government that occurred after the accession of Emperor Mutsuhito (1867), characterized by the downfall of the shogun and feudalism and the creation of a modern state * * * Overthrow of Japan s Tokugawa… …   Universalium

  • Meiji — (Japanese: 明 bright, brilliant 治 reign, government ) may refer to: Meiji Restoration, the revolution that ushered in the Meiji period Meiji period the period in Japanese history when the Meiji Emperor reigned Emperor Meiji of Japan Mutsuhito, the …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Meiji — Mingzhi redirects here. For other uses, see Meiji. Emperor Meiji 明治天皇 Emperor of Japan Reign 3 February 1867 – 30 July 1912 ( …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji period — History of Japan Meiji Constitution promulgation Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period 250–538 …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji Restoration — History of Japan The Meiji Emperor, moving from Kyoto to Tokyo, end of 1868. Paleolithic 35,000–14,000 BC Jōmon period 14,000–300 BC Yayoi period 300 BC–250 AD Kofun period …   Wikipedia

  • Emperor Taishō — Infobox Monarch name =Emperor Taishō title =123rd Emperor of Japan caption = reign =30 July 1912 – 25 December 1926 coronation =30 July 1912 othertitles = full name = predecessor =Emperor Meiji successor =Emperor Shōwa suc type = heir = queen =… …   Wikipedia

  • Meiji — /may jee /, n. Japanese Hist. the designation of the period of the reign of Emperor Mutsuhito from 1868 to 1912. [1870 75; < Japn meiji, earlier meidi enlightened peace < MChin, equiv. to Chin míng bright + zhì pacify] * * * (as used in… …   Universalium

  • Meiji —    The reign period from 1868 1912 during which the Meiji emperor (Meiji tenno) was enthroned. It marked Japan s transformation from the feudal society of the Tokugawa period to a modern industrial state. It was a new era of direct imperial rule …   A Popular Dictionary of Shinto

  • Meiji Restoration — (1868–1912)    A palace coup of 1868, which overthrew the Tokugawa Shogunate and “restored” power to the Japanese emperor, followed by the rapid socioeconomic and political changes that occurred during the reign of the Meiji emperor from 1868 to… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.