Masaryk, Jan (Garrigue)


Masaryk, Jan (Garrigue)
born Sept. 14, 1886, Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary
died March 10, 1948, Prague, Czech.

Czech statesman.

The son of Tomáš Masaryk, he entered the foreign service of the newly independent Czechoslovakia in 1919 and served as ambassador to Britain from 1925 to 1938. During World War II he was foreign minister of the Czechoslovak provisional government in London (1940–45) and later Prague (1945–48). At the request of Pres. Edvard Beneš, he remained at his post after the communist takeover in 1948. Two weeks later he either jumped or was pushed to his death from a window in the foreign office.

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▪ Czech statesman
born September 14, 1886, Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary [now in Czech Republic]
died March 10, 1948, Prague

      statesman and diplomat who served as foreign minister in both the Czechoslovak émigré government in London during World War II and the postwar coalition government of Czechoslovakia.

      The son of the statesman Tomáš Masaryk, Jan served in a Hungarian regiment during World War I, entered the foreign office of the newly independent Czechoslovakia in 1919, and served in Washington, D.C., and London before becoming secretary to the foreign minister Edvard Beneš in 1921. From 1925 to 1938 Masaryk was ambassador to Great Britain. During World War II he was foreign minister of the Czechoslovak émigré regime in London. A leading spokesman for that government, Masaryk made wartime broadcasts to occupied Czechoslovakia, published in English in 1944 under the title Speaking to My Country, and became a popular figure at home. Retaining the portfolio of foreign minister after his government's return to Prague in 1945, he accompanied Beneš to Moscow and also participated in the inauguration of the United Nations in San Francisco. He was convinced that Czechoslovakia must remain friendly to the Soviet Union, and he was greatly disappointed by the Soviet veto of Czechoslovak acceptance of postwar U.S. reconstruction aid under the Marshall Plan.

      At the request of President Beneš, Masaryk remained at his post after the Communist takeover of Feb. 25, 1948, but a few weeks later he either committed suicide by throwing himself out of a window at the foreign office or was murdered by being thrown out.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • MASARYK, JAN GARRIGUE° — (1886–1948), Czechoslovak diplomat and statesman, son of president thomas g. masaryk . From 1925 to 1938 Masaryk was his country s envoy in London, but resigned after the Munich Pact (Sept. 30, 1938), which compelled Czechoslovakia to give up the …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Masaryk, Jan (Garrigue) — (14 sep. 1886, Praga, Bohemia, Austria–Hungría–10 mar. 1948, Praga, Checoslovaquia). Estadista checo. Hijo de Tomáš Masaryk, ingresó al servicio exterior de la recién independizada Checoslovaquia en 1919 y fue embajador en Gran Bretaña entre 1925 …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jan — /jan/; for 1 also Du., Ger. /yahn/, n. 1. a male given name, form of John. 2. a female given name, form of Janet. * * * (as used in expressions) Brueghel Jan the Elder Jan Amos Komenský Dussek Jan Ladislav Eyck Jan van Gossart Jan Jan Mabuse Jan… …   Universalium

  • Jan — m. Adaptación del nombre «khan», defendida como la más conforme a la pronunciación de esta palabra en su lengua original. ⇒ Can, kan, Khan. * * * jan. m. Cuba. Vara de madera dura, rematada en una punta de hierro, que se emplea para ahoyar en la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jan Masaryk — est un homme politique et diplomate tchécoslovaque, né le 14 septembre 1886 à Prague où il est mort le 10 mars 1948. Démocrate convaincu, fils du premier président du pays, il participe au gouvernement d union nationa …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jan Masaryk — Jan Garrigue Masaryk (September 14, 1886 ndash; March 10, 1948) was a Czechoslovak diplomat and politician and Foreign Minister of Czechoslovakia from 1940 to 1948. Early life Born in Prague, he was a son of professor and politician Tomáš Masaryk …   Wikipedia

  • Masaryk-Universität Brno — Masaryk Universität Gründung 1919 Trägerschaft staatlich Ort Brünn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Masaryk-Universität Brünn — Masaryk Universität Gründung 1919 Trägerschaft staatlich Ort Brünn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Masaryk — es un apellido checo. Es el apellido de: Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (1850 1937), filósofo, político y estadista austrohúngaro y checoslovaco, fundador y primer presidente de Checoslovaquia. Jan Garrigue Masaryk (1886 1948), diplomático y político… …   Wikipedia Español

  • MASARYK (J.) — MASARYK JAN (1886 1948) Fils du premier président de la République tchécoslovaque, Tomáš Masaryk, et de l’Américaine Charlotte Garrigue, Jan Masaryk, musicien doué et causeur attachant, cache sous un humour de bon vivant une sensibilité très vive …   Encyclopédie Universelle


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