Marīnid dynasty


Marīnid dynasty
Berber dynasty that followed the Almohad dynasty in North Africa in the 13th–15th centuries.

The Marīnids were a tribe of the Zanātah group, which was allied to the Umayyads in Córdoba. In 1248 a Marīnid leader, Abū Yaḥyā, captured Fès and made it the Marīnid capital. The capture of Marrakech (1269) made the Marīnids the masters of Morocco. They waged inconclusive war in Spain and Africa that gradually depleted their resources, reducing the realm to anarchy in the 15th century. Saʽdī sharifs captured Fès in 1554.

* * *

▪ Berber dynasty
also called  Banū Marīn 

      Amazigh ( Berber) dynasty that replaced Almohad (Almohads) rule in Morocco and, temporarily, in other parts of northern Africa during the 13th–15th century.

      The Marīnids were a tribe of the Zanātah group—traditional allies of the Umayyad caliphs of Córdoba in Spain. The Marīnids had been established in eastern Morocco for more than a century when, in 1248, their ruler, Abū Yaḥyā, captured Fès (Fez) and made it the Marīnid capital. With the defeat of the last of the Almohads and the capture of Marrakech in 1269, the Marīnids, under Abū Yūsuf Yaʿqūb, became masters of Morocco. In order to fulfill what they viewed as the duty of Muslim sovereignty and to acquire religious prestige, they declared a jihad (holy war) in Spain until the mid-14th century. Although the war helped the Muslim Naṣrid dynasty of Granada to consolidate its position and the fighting slowed down the Christian advance toward the Strait of Gibraltar (Gibraltar, Strait of), no territory was recaptured from the Christians, nor were any permanent conquests made in Africa, where the Marīnids tried to reestablish the Almohad empire. The greatest of the Marīnid sultans, Abū al-Ḥasan ʿAlī, captured the ʿAbd al-Wādid (Abd al-Wādid Dynastyʿ) capital of Tilimsān ( Tlemcen) in 1337, but neither he nor his successor, Abū ʿInān, were able to shake Ḥafṣid (Ḥafṣid dynasty) rule in Tunisia. The campaigns, however, depleted the resources of the dynasty, and by the 15th century the Marīnid realm was in a state of anarchy. A collateral branch of the Marīnids, the Waṭṭāsids (Banū Waṭṭās), assumed rule over Morocco in 1465, but it collapsed when the Saʿdī sharifs took Fès in 1548.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marinid dynasty — Imrinen /المرينيون (ar) ← …   Wikipedia

  • Marinid Tombs — Merinid Tombs The Marinid Tombs are a few giant tombs on the hill above Fes, Morocco, possibly housing royalty or personages of some importance, dating back to the Marinid Dynasty. The Marinid Dynasty left very little behind, and this is one of… …   Wikipedia

  • Dynasty — A dynasty is a succession of rulers who belong to the same family for generations. A dynasty is also often called a house , e.g. the House of Saud or House of Habsburg . In the histories of Europe, much of Asia and some of Africa, ruling and… …   Wikipedia

  • dynasty — dynastic /duy nas tik/; Brit. also /di nas tik/, dynastical, adj. dynastically, adv. /duy neuh stee/; Brit. also /din euh stee/, n., pl. dynasties. 1. a sequence of rulers from the same family, stock, or group: the Ming dynasty …   Universalium

  • Almohad dynasty — Infobox Former Country native name = الموَحدون (ar) conventional long name =Almohad Empire Full names common name = Almohad continent=Africa Europe region = North Africa South Europe country = Mauretania, Algeria, Spain, Portuagal, Morocco,… …   Wikipedia

  • Ḥafṣid dynasty — (с 13th–16th century) Berber dynasty. It was founded by a governor of the Almohad dynasty, Abū Zakariyyāʾ Yaḥyā, in north central Africa с 1229. His son Mustanṣir (r. 1249–77) enlarged the empire to its peak of power and prestige. It had trade… …   Universalium

  • Almoravid dynasty — ⵉⵎⵕⴰⴱⴷⵏ/المرابطون Al Murābiṭūn ←   …   Wikipedia

  • Abd al-Wādid Dynastyʿ — ▪ Berber dynasty also called  Zayyānid Dynasty , or  Banū Zayyān        dynasty of Zanātah Berbers (1236–1550), successors to the Almohad empire in northwestern Algeria. In 1236 the Zanātahs, loyal vassals to the Almohads, gained the support of… …   Universalium

  • Wattasid dynasty — The Wattassids (وطاسيون waṭāsīyūn) or Banû Watâs (بنو الوطاس banū al waṭās) were an Amazigh dynasty of Kingdom of Fez. They followed the Amazigh Marinids and were followed by theSaadi, also of Amazigh descent.Like the Marinids, they had their… …   Wikipedia

  • Qing Dynasty — Not to be confused with the Qin Dynasty, the first dynasty of Imperial China. Qing redirects here. For other uses, see Qing (disambiguation). Great Qing 大清帝国, Dà Qīng Dìguó …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.