Martov, L.


Martov, L.
orig. Yuly Osipovich Tsederbaum

born Nov. 24, 1873, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire
died April 4, 1923, Berlin, Ger.

Russian revolutionary.

He first lived in Vilna, where he belonged to the Bund, a Jewish socialist group. In 1895 he and Vladimir Ilich Lenin formed the St. Petersburg Union of Struggle for the Liberation of the Working Class. After his arrest and exile to Siberia (1896–99), he joined Lenin in Switzerland as an editor of Iskra. From 1903 Martov supported the Menshevik faction of the Russian Social-Democratic Workers' Party and became its leader (1905–07). After the Russian Revolution of 1917, he supported the Bolshevik government in the Russian Civil War but later opposed many of its dictatorial measures. He left Russia in 1920 and edited the Socialist Courier in Berlin.

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▪ Russian revolutionary
pseudonym of  Yuly Osipovich Tsederbaum  
born Nov. 24, 1873, Constantinople
died April 4, 1923, Berlin

      leader of the Mensheviks (Menshevik), the non-Leninist wing of the Russian Social Democratic Workers' Party.

      Martov served his revolutionary apprenticeship in Vilna as a member of the Bund, a Jewish Socialist group. In 1895 he and Vladimir Ilich Lenin (Lenin, Vladimir Ilich) formed the St. Petersburg Union of Struggle for the Liberation of the Working Class. Martov was arrested in 1896 and spent three years in Siberia. On his return he left Russia for Switzerland, where he joined Lenin as an editor of Iskra, the voice of Russian social democracy.

      At the second Congress of the Russian Social Democratic Party in Brussels (1903), Martov spoke for those who were subsequently known as Mensheviks. They opposed Lenin's attempt to limit party membership to “professional revolutionaries” and favoured the establishment of a mass party on the west European model. Martov later became the leader of the Menshevik faction (1905–07), frequently clashing with other Menshevik leaders as well as with Lenin; during World War I he called for a peace without victory, while Lenin hoped for the transformation of the “imperialist” war into a revolutionary war.

      After the Bolshevik Revolution in Russia (October 1917, old style), Martov opposed many of the new regime's dictatorial measures, but he supported the government in its battle against White Russian forces. In 1920 Martov left Soviet Russia and edited the Socialist Courier in Berlin until his death.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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  • MARTOV, JULIUS — (Iulii Osipovich Tsederbaum; 1873–1923), Russian revolutionary, leader of Menshevism. Born in Constantinople, where his father represented the Russian Steamship Co. and trade companies, Martov was the favorite grandson of alexander zederbaum ,… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Martov, Julius — (Julii Osipovich Tsederbaum) (1873–1923)    Russian revolutionary. Though Martov’s grandfather was a well known Jewish writer and early Zionist, he grew up in an assimilationist home, and as a student in St Petersburg was drawn into a… …   Who’s Who in Jewish History after the period of the Old Testament

  • Martov, Yuli — (1873–1923)    Initially a close colleague of Vladimir Ilich Lenin, Martov broke with him in 1903 over the issue of the role and organization of the Russian Social Democratic Party. Martov’s faction became known as the Mensheviks, and Martov was… …   Historical dictionary of Marxism

  • Martov, Julius — (1873 1923)    Russian revolutio nary. He was a student in St Petersburg and joined the Russian Social Democratic Party. In 1901 he helped publish the revolutionary journal, Iskra. He was exiled in Paris where he continued to work for the party.… …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Yuli Mártov — Yuli Mártov. Yuli Mártov, Julius Mártov o L. Mártov (Мартов, su nombre real era Yuli Ósipovich Zederbaum (Юлий Осипович Цедербаум)) (24 de noviembre de 1873 4 de abril de 1923) nació en Constantinopla en 1873 hijo de una familia judía de clase… …   Wikipedia Español


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