Martinů, Bohuslav (Jan)


Martinů, Bohuslav (Jan)
born Dec. 8, 1890, Polic̆ka, Bohemia
died Aug. 28, 1959, Liestal, Switz.

Czech (Bohemian) composer.

He started composing at age 10 but was expelled from the conservatory for neglecting his studies. His early pieces combined the influences of Czech folk music and French composer Claude Debussy's music. In Paris (1923–40) he gained a reputation for his colourful ballet scores and experimented with Neoclassicism, jazz, and ragtime. He composed many works, including six symphonies, operas (including Julietta, 1938), and large choral works (including The Epic of Gilgamesh, 1955), but he did little to promote his music.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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