Marquette, Jacques


Marquette, Jacques
known as Père Marquette

born June 1, 1637, Laon, France
died May 18, 1675, Ludington, Mich.

French missionary and explorer.

Ordained a Jesuit priest, he arrived in Quebec in 1666 to preach among the Ottawa. He helped found missions at Sault Ste. Marie in 1668 and St. Ignace in 1671 (both now in Michigan). In 1673 he accompanied Louis Jolliet on his exploration of the Mississippi River, traveling south to the mouth of the Arkansas River. They returned via the Illinois River to Green Bay on Lake Michigan, where Marquette remained. In 1674 he set out to found a mission among the Illinois Indians, reaching the site of present-day Chicago. His journal of his voyage with Jolliet was published in 1681.

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▪ Jesuit explorer
byname  Père (Father) Marquette 
born June 1, 1637, Laon, Fr.
died May 18, 1675, Ludington, Mich.

      French Jesuit missionary explorer who, with Louis Jolliet (Jolliet, Louis), travelled down the Mississippi River and reported the first accurate data on its course.

      Marquette arrived in Quebec in 1666. After a study of Indian languages, he assisted in founding a mission at Sault Ste. Marie (now in Michigan) in 1668, and another at St. Ignace (now in Michigan) in 1671. In mid-May 1673 he left St. Ignace with Jolliet, who had been commissioned by Louis, comte de Frontenac, governor of New France, to find the direction and the mouth of the Mississippi. They travelled westward to Green Bay (now in Wisconsin), ascended the Fox River to a portage that crossed to the Wisconsin River, and entered the Mississippi near Prairie du Chien on June 17. Following it to the mouth of the Arkansas River, they learned that the Mississippi flowed through hostile Spanish domains, and in mid-July they turned homeward by way of the Illinois River. Marquette was exhausted when he reached Green Bay, and he remained there while Jolliet continued on to Canada.

      In 1674 Marquette set out to found a mission among the Illinois Indians, but, caught by the winter, he and two companions camped near the site of the city of Chicago, and thus became the first Europeans to live there. Marquette reached the Indians (near what is now Utica, Ill.) in the spring, but illness forced his return. While en route to St. Ignace he died at the mouth of a river now known as Père Marquette.

Additional Reading
Raphael N. Hamilton, Marquette's Explorations: The Narratives Reexamined (1970).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Marquette, Jacques — • Jesuit missionary and discoverer of the Mississippi River, b. in 1636, at Laon, a town in north central France; d. near Ludington, Michigan, 19 May, 1675 Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006 …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Marquette, Jacques — llamado Père Marquette (1 jun. 1637, Laon, Francia–18 may. 1675, Ludington, Mich.). Misionero y explorador francés. Ordenado sacerdote jesuita, llegó a Quebec en 1666 a predicar entre los indios ottawa. Ayudó a fundar misiones en Sault Ste. Marie …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Marquette, Jacques — (1637 1675)    Born at Laon, in the north of France. Joined the Society of Jesus about 1654, and sailed for Canada, 1666. Sent to the Upper Lakes, 1668, and stationed at La Pointe, near the western end of Lake Superior, 1670. Here he heard from… …   The makers of Canada

  • Jacques Marquette — Le père Marquette et les Indiens d Amérique …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Jacques Marquette — Nombre …   Wikipedia Español

  • MARQUETTE (J.) — MARQUETTE JACQUES (1637 1675) Missionnaire et explorateur français. Membre de la Compagnie de Jésus, Jacques Marquette est envoyé au Canada en 1666. Pendant deux ans, il s’initie aux langues et aux mœurs des Indiens avant d’être affecté à… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jacques Marquette — IPA|Father Jacques Marquette (June 1, 1637 ndash; May 18, 1675) [ [http://www.britannica.com/eb/article 9051070/Jacques Marquette Jacques Marquette Britannica Online Encyclopedia ] ] was a French missionary who founded Michigan s first European… …   Wikipedia

  • Marquette — /mahr ket /; for 1 also Fr. /mannrdd ket /, n. 1. Jacques /zhahk/ ( Père Marquette ), 1637 75, French Jesuit missionary and explorer in America. 2. a city in N Michigan, on Lake Superior. 23,288. * * * ▪ Upper Peninsula, Michigan, United States… …   Universalium

  • Marquette University — ▪ university, Milwaukee, Wisconsin, United States       private coeducational institution of higher learning in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, U.S. It is affiliated with the Jesuit order of the Roman Catholic Church. Although the funding for a Jesuit… …   Universalium

  • Jacques — /zhahk/, n. a male given name, French form of Jacob or James. * * * (as used in expressions) Jacques Fournier Besson Jacques Bossuet Jacques Bénigne Brel Jacques Brissot de Warville Jacques Pierre Callot Jacques Cartier Jacques Chirac Jacques… …   Universalium


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