officially Manava-dharma-shastraMost authoritative of the books of the Hindu law code (Dharma-shastra).It is attributed to the legendary first man and lawgiver, Manu. In its present form it dates from the 1st century BC. It prescribes the dharma of each Hindu, stating the obligations attached to his or her social class and stage of life. Making no distinction between religious and secular law, it deals with cosmogony, sacraments, and other religious topics as well as with marriage, hospitality, dietary restrictions, the conduct of women, and the law of kings.
* * *▪ Hindu law(Sanskrit: “Tradition of Manu”), traditionally, the most authoritative of the books of the Hindu code (Dharma-śāstra) in India. Manu-smṛti is the popular name of the work, which is officially known as Mānava-dharma-śāstra. It is attributed to the legendary first man and lawgiver, Manu. In its present form, it dates from the 1st century BC.The Manu-smṛti prescribes to the Hindu his dharma—i.e., that set of obligations incumbent on him as a member of one of the four social classes (varnas) and engaged in one of the four stages of life (ashramas). It contains 12 chapters of stanzas, which total 2,694. It deals with cosmogony, the definition of the dharma, the sacraments (samskaras), initiation (upanayana) and study of the Veda, marriage, hospitality, obsequies, dietary restrictions, pollution and means of purification, the conduct of women and wives, and the law of kings. The last leads to a consideration of matters of juridical interest, divided under 18 headings, after which the text returns to religious topics, such as donations, rites of reparation, the doctrine of karman, the soul, and hell. The text makes no categorical distinction between religious law and practices and secular law in its treatment. Its influence has been monumental, and it has provided the caste Hindu with a system of practical morality.
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Manu — /man ooh/, n. Hindu Myth. the progenitor and lawgiver of the human race. * * * In the mythology of India, the first man and the legendary author of the Manu smrti. Manu appears in the Vedas as the performer of the first sacrifice. He is also… … Universalium
Smrti — Class of Hindu sacred literature that is based on human memory, as distinct from the Vedas, which are considered to be divinely revealed. Smrti serves to elaborate, interpret, and codify Vedic literature. It is considered less authoritative than… … Universalium
smṛti — pl. smṛti lit. “that which is remembered” the body of Vedic literature that is remembered, in contradistinction to śruti, or that which is directly heard by or revealed to the ṛṣis. Smṛti includes the six Vedāṅgas, the dharma śāstras such as Manu … The Bhaktivedanta encyclopedia
Manu Smriti — The Manu Smriti (Sanskrit: मनुस्मृति) is a work of Hindu law and ancient Indian society. It is also known as the Laws of Manu. It is one of the nineteen [For nineteen Dharmashastras, see: Avari, p. 142.] Dharmasastra, which are part of the Smriti … Wikipedia
Leyes de Manu — Las Leyes de Manu es un importante texto sánscrito de la sociedad antigua de la India. मनुसंहिता (en alfabeto devánagari), manusaṃhitā (en IAST) o Manu sámjitaa (‘recopilación de Manu’). मानवधर्मशास्त्र (en devánagari), mānavadharmaśāstra (en… … Wikipedia Español
Laws of Manu — (c. 200) The Laws of Manu is a seminal text in Indian social history. It gives greatest attention to the social obligations of BRAHMINS, whose supremacy in the social order is assumed, but it also outlines the obligations of rulers and other… … Encyclopedia of Hinduism
Lois de Manu — Le Manusmṛti (sanskrit : मनुस्मृति), aussi appelé Mānava Dharmaśāstra (sanskrit : मानवधर्मशास्त्र) est un dharmaśāstra. Il s agit d un texte en vers le plus important et le plus ancien de la tradition hindoue du Dharma. Connu en… … Wikipédia en Français
Dharmaśāstra — Part of a series on Hindu scriptures … Wikipedia
Manusmṛti — Part of a series on … Wikipedia
Hinduism — /hin dooh iz euhm/, n. the common religion of India, based upon the religion of the original Aryan settlers as expounded and evolved in the Vedas, the Upanishads, the Bhagavad Gita, etc., having an extremely diversified character with many… … Universalium