Mamoulian, Rouben


Mamoulian, Rouben
born Oct. 8, 1897, Tiflis, Georgia, Russian Empire
died Dec. 4, 1987, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.

Russian-U.S. director.

After training as an actor at the Moscow Art Theatre, he moved to London in 1918, where he directed operettas and musicals. After immigrating to the U.S. in 1923, he worked for the Theatre Guild and directed the play Porgy (1927); he later directed the original production of its musical adaptation, Porgy and Bess (1935), and later musicals such as Oklahoma! (1943) and Carousel (1945). Invited to direct the film musical Applause (1929), he won acclaim for his innovative camera work; his later films include City Streets (1931), Queen Christina (1933) with Greta Garbo, Becky Sharp (1935), The Gay Desperado (1936), Blood and Sand (1941), and Silk Stockings (1957). He was noted for the skillful blending of music and sound effects with an imaginative visual rhythm.

Mamoulian

UPI

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▪ American director
born Oct. 8, 1897, Tiflis [now Tbilisi], Georgia, Russian Empire
died Dec. 4, 1987, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.

      theatrical and motion-picture director noted for his contribution to the development of cinematic art at the beginning of the sound era. His achievements include the skillful blending of music and sound effects with an imaginative visual rhythm.

      Born into an Armenian family, Mamoulian received a degree in law from the University of Moscow. While engaged in law studies, Mamoulian had become involved in acting, directing, and playwriting at the Moscow Art Theatre (now Moscow Academic Art Theatre). In 1918 he moved to London, where he directed grand opera, operettas, and musicals. Emigrating to the United States in 1923, he became the director of production for the Eastman Theatre, Rochester, N.Y.

      During the late 1920s he worked for the Theatre Guild and made a deep impression in American theatre with his production in 1927 of the American folk play Porgy. He directed a number of stage plays and one sound film, Applause (1929), before moving to Hollywood. For his work in Applause, he mounted wheels on the camera, which had had to be enclosed in a booth to block out noise for early sound films and had been thereby rendered stationary; this innovation brought him quick recognition. His noteworthy early films include City Streets (1931), a gangster picture; Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde (1932); The Song of Songs (1933); Queen Christina (1933); We Live Again (1934); Becky Sharp (1935), the first picture in the new Technicolor process; Golden Boy (1939); The Mark of Zorro (1940); and Blood and Sand (1941).

      Love Me Tonight (1932), an operetta that featured Maurice Chevalier and Jeanette MacDonald, was the first in a series of gay, imaginative musical comedies, including The Gay Desperado (1936), High, Wide and Handsome (1937), Summer Holiday (1948), and Silk Stockings (1957). Mamoulian's major stage works were colourful musicals, including Porgy and Bess (1935), Oklahoma! (New York, 1943; Europe, 1955), and Carousel (New York, 1945).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Mamoulian, Rouben — (1897 1987)    Son of an actress, Rouben Mamoulian was born in Russia and studied law at the University of Moscow. He abandoned his legal pursuits to study at Eugene Vakhtangov s Studio Theatre. He directed The Beating on the Door (1922) in… …   The Historical Dictionary of the American Theater

  • Mamoulian, Rouben — (8 oct. 1897, Tbilisi, Georgia, Imperio ruso–4 dic. 1987, Los Ángeles, Cal., EE.UU.). Director ruso estadounidense. Después de estudiar actuación en el Teatro de Arte de Moscú, se mudó a Londres en 1918, donde dirigió operetas y musicales. En… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Mamoulian — Rouben Mamoulian (* 8. Oktober 1897 in Tiflis, Georgien; † 4. Dezember 1987 in Woodland Hills, Kalifornien, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Film und Theaterregisseur. Karriere Gebürtig aus einer armenischen Bankiersfamilie in Tiflis, verbrachte er …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rouben Mamoulian — Infobox Actor name = Rouben Mamoulian birthdate = birth date|1897|08|08|mf=y birthplace = Tbilisi, Georgia, Russia deathdate = death date and age|1987|12|04|1897|08|08|mf=y deathplace = Hollywood, California, U.S. occupation =film, theatre… …   Wikipedia

  • Rouben Mamoulian — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Rouben Mamoulian Nacimiento 8 de octubre de 1897 Tiflis, Georgia Defunción 4 de diciembre de 1987 (90 años) …   Wikipedia Español

  • Rouben Mamoulian — (* 8. Oktober 1897 in Tiflis, Georgien; † 4. Dezember 1987 in Woodland Hills, Kalifornien, USA) war ein US amerikanischer Film und Theaterregisseur. Karriere Gebürtig aus einer armenischen Bankiersfamilie in Tiflis, verbrachte er einen Teil… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Rouben Mamoulian — Rouben Mamoulian, Poste arménienne (1997). Rouben Mamoulian est un réalisateur et producteur de cinéma américain d origine arménienne, né le 8 octobre 1897 à Tiflis (Russie impériale, aujourd hui Tbilissi, Géorgie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mamoulian —   [mə muːlɪən], Rouben, amerikanischer Theater und Filmregisseur armenischer Herkunft, * Tiflis 8. 10. 1897, ✝ Los Angeles (Kalifornien) 4. 12. 1987; seit 1923 in den USA, wo er Opern, Operetten und Musicals inszenierte, u. a. »Porgy and Bess«… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Mamoulian — /məˈmuliən/ (say muh moohleeuhn) noun Rouben, 1897–1987, US film and stage director, born in Russia …   Australian English dictionary

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