Malcolm III Canmore


Malcolm III Canmore
born с 1031
died Nov. 13, 1093, near Alnick, Northumberland, Eng.

King of Scotland (1058–93).

The son of King Duncan I, he lived in exile in England after Macbeth murdered his father. He defeated and killed Macbeth in 1057 and was crowned king, founding a dynasty that consolidated royal power in Scotland. He gave refuge to the Anglo-Saxon prince Edgar the Aetheling in 1066. Though he recognized William I as overlord in 1072, Malcolm made five raids into England, during the last of which he was killed.

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▪ king of Scotland

born c. 1031
died Nov. 13, 1093, near Alnwick, Northumberland, Eng.
 king of Scotland from 1058 to 1093, founder of the dynasty that consolidated royal power in the Scottish kingdom.

      The son of King Duncan I (reigned 1034–40), Malcolm lived in exile in England during part of the reign of his father's murderer, Macbeth (reigned 1040–57). Malcolm killed Macbeth in battle in 1057 and then ascended the throne. After the conquest of England by William the Conqueror, in 1066, Malcolm gave refuge to the Anglo-Saxon prince Edgar the Aetheling and his sisters, one of whom, Margaret (later St. Margaret), became his second wife.

      Malcolm acknowledged the overlordship of William in 1072 but nevertheless soon violated his feudal obligations and made five raids into England. During the last of these invasions he was killed by the forces of King William II Rufus (reigned 1087–1100). Except for a brief interval after Malcolm's death, the Scottish throne remained in his family until the death of Queen Margaret, the Maid of Norway, in 1290. Of Malcolm's six sons by Margaret, three succeeded to the throne: Edgar (reigned 1097–1107), Alexander I (1107–24), and David I (1124–53).

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Look at other dictionaries:

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  • Malcolm III of Scotland — Malcolm III King of Alba Reign 1058–1093 Coronation 1057?/25 April 1058?, Scone Predecessor Lulach Successor …   Wikipedia

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  • Malcolm III d'Écosse — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Malcolm. Malcolm III d Écosse, surnommé Malcolm Canmore (Malcolm Grosse Tête) (Écossais Maíl Choluim mac Donnchada), né vers 1031, mort le 13 novembre 1093 à Alnwick, est roi d Écosse de 1058 à 1093.… …   Wikipédia en Français

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