- Mahathir bin Mohamad
in full Datuk Seri Mahathir bin Mohamadborn Dec. 20, 1925, Alor Setar, Kedah, Malay statesMalaysian politician, prime minister (1981–2003).The son of a schoolmaster, Mahathir studied medicine and worked as a government medical officer before entering parliament in 1964, where he became a forceful advocate of policies to ensure economic success for ethnic Malays. Once prime minister, he was reelected repeatedly; under his leadership Malaysia achieved one of the most prosperous economies in Southeast Asia, rising literacy rates, and increased life expectancies. An economic downturn in the late 1990s precipitated a split between Mahathir and his deputy prime minister, Anwar Ibrahim, whom Mahathir dismissed in 1998; opposition to this action and other policies was suppressed. Following the September 11 attacks of 2001 in the U.S., he offered his support in the global war against terrorism, but he opposed the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003 and was noted for his frequent criticisms of the West.
* * *▪ prime minister of Malaysiaborn December 20, 1925, Alor Setar, Kedah [Malaysia]Malaysian politician, who served as prime minister of Malaysia from 1981 to 2003, overseeing his country's transition to an industrialized nation.Mahathir, the son of a schoolmaster, was educated at Sultan Abdul Hamid College and the University of Malaya in Singapore, where he studied medicine. After graduating in 1953, he worked as a government medical officer until 1957 and then entered private practice. He was first elected to parliament in 1964 as a member of the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), the dominant party within the ruling governmental coalition. In 1969, however, Mahathir was expelled from UMNO after his forceful advocacy of ethnic Malay nationalism brought him into conflict with Prime Minister Tunku Abdul Rahman (Abdul Rahman Putra Alhaj, Tunku). (Though politically dominant, Malaysia's ethnic Malay majority was much poorer than the ethnic Chinese minority, which dominated the economy.) The New Economic Policy that the government adopted in 1971 to improve the economic situation of Malays embodied many of the ideas Mahathir had advocated.Mahathir rejoined UMNO in 1970, was reelected to its Supreme Council in 1972 and to parliament in 1974, and later in 1974 was appointed minister of education. In 1976 he became deputy prime minister and in June 1981 was elected president of UMNO. He became prime minister in July of that year, the first commoner to hold that office.Mahathir's long prime ministry gave Malaysia the political stability needed for economic growth. He welcomed foreign investment, reformed the tax structure, reduced trade tariffs, and privatized numerous state-owned enterprises. Mahathir sought to bridge Malaysia's ethnic divisions by increasing general prosperity. The New Economic Policy, which had encouraged Malay economic success, was replaced in 1991 by the New Development Policy, which emphasized general economic growth and the elimination of poverty. Under Mahathir's leadership, Malaysia prospered economically, with a growing manufacturing sector, an expanding middle class, rising literacy rates, and increased life expectancies.In the late 1990s, however, Malaysia's economy entered a depression, causing a split between Mahathir and his apparent successor, Deputy Premier and Financial Minister Anwar Ibrahim. Ibrahim's support of open markets and international investments was in opposition to Mahathir's growing distrust of the West. In 1998 Ibrahim was dismissed from his posts and arrested, and a wave of antigovernment demonstrations swept the country. Ibrahim's conviction and prison sentence sparked more protests under the reformasi (“reform”) banner, which called for Mahathir's resignation. Nevertheless, Mahathir continued to suppress Anwar's supporters and consolidate his own power.Following the September 11 attacks of 2001 in the United States, Mahathir offered his support in the global war against terrorism, but he opposed the U.S.-led invasion of Iraq in 2003. Mahathir, always a controversial figure, often criticized the West, and he raised the ire of many foreign governments and many non-Muslims in particular by attacking Jews in a major speech delivered just days before his retirement as prime minister on October 31, 2003. In 2008, after UMNO and its partners lost their two-thirds legislative majority for the first time in several decades, Mahathir withdrew from the party.
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Mahathir bin Mohamad — ma ħɑ.ðiɽ bin mʊħɑmmæd̚ 4º primer ministro de Malasia 16 de julio de … Wikipedia Español
Mahathir Bin Mohamad — Mahathir bin Mohamad, le 25 septembre 2003. Mahathir bin Mohamad est un homme politique malaisien né le 10 juillet 1925 à Alor Setar, capitale de l’État de Kedah, dans le nord ouest du pays. Mahatir a été le 4e premier ministre malais de 1981 à … Wikipédia en Français
Mahathir bin Mohamad — Mahathir bin Mohamad, le 25 septembre 2003. Mahathir bin Mohamad est un homme politique malaisien né le 10 juillet 1925 à Alor Setar, capitale de l’État de Kedah, dans le nord ouest du pays. Mahatir a été le 4e premier ministre malais de 1981 à … Wikipédia en Français
Mahathir bin mohamad — Mahathir bin Mohamad, le 25 septembre 2003. Mahathir bin Mohamad est un homme politique malaisien né le 10 juillet 1925 à Alor Setar, capitale de l’État de Kedah, dans le nord ouest du pays. Mahatir a été le 4e premier ministre malais de 1981 à … Wikipédia en Français
Mahathir bin Mohamad — Infobox Prime Minister honorific prefix = Yang Amat Berbahagia Tun Dr. name = Mahathir bin Mohamad order = 4th Prime Minister of Malaysia term start = 16 July 1981 term end = 31 October 2003 monarch = Sultan Ahmad Shah (1979 1984)Sultan Iskandar… … Wikipedia
Mahathir bin Mohamad — Dr. Mahathir bei einer Rede vor der UNO am 25. September 2003 in New York. Tun Mahathir bin Mohamad, kurz (Doktor) Mahathir oder einfach Dr. M genannt (* 20. Dezember 1925 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Mahathir bin Mohamad — /maˌhatɪə bɪn məˈhaməd/ (say mah.hahtear bin muh hahmuhd) noun Tun Dr, born 1925, Malaysian politician; prime minister 1981–2003 … Australian English dictionary
Mahathir bin Mohamad, Datuk Seri — ▪ 1997 When the United Malays National Organization (UMNO), Malaysia s dominant political party, held its triennial elections in October, Datuk Seri Mahathir bin Mohamad was reelected party president without opposition. The victory… … Universalium
Mahathir ibn Mohamad — Mahathir bin Mohamad Mandats 4e Premier ministre malaisien 16 juillet … Wikipédia en Français
bin — /bin/, n., v., binned, binning. n. 1. a box or enclosed place for storing grain, coal, or the like. v.t. 2. to store in a bin. [bef. 950; ME binne, OE binn(e) crib, perh. < Celt; cf. Welsh benn cart] * * * (as used in expressions) bin Laden Osama … Universalium