Lumet, Sidney

Lumet, Sidney
born June 25, 1924, Philadelphia, Pa., U.S.

U.S. television and film director.

He worked as a child actor in the Yiddish theatre and on Broadway. After serving in World War II, he directed plays and taught acting. He directed more than 200 television dramas for CBS (1951–57), including Playhouse 90 and Studio One productions, before making his debut as a movie director with the acclaimed Twelve Angry Men (1957). He went on to direct commercially successful psychological dramas such as The Fugitive Kind (1960), Fail Safe (1964), Serpico (1973), Dog Day Afternoon (1975), Network (1976), The Verdict (1982), and Night Falls on Manhattan (1997).

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▪ American director
born June 25, 1924, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, U.S.

      American motion-picture, television, and stage director noted for his psychological dramas. He was one of the most prolific and important American cinematic directors of the second half of the 20th century.

      The son of a Jewish actor, Lumet made his acting debut in New York City's Yiddish theatre as a child and was appearing in plays on Broadway by the late 1930s. After serving in the U.S. Army during World War II, he began directing plays and was hired by the Columbia Broadcasting System as a television staff director in 1950. He became one of the most capable directors of American television dramas of the 1950s. The first motion picture he directed, Twelve Angry Men (1957), foreshadowed his lasting cinematic preoccupation with urban environments, crime, and the resolution of difficult moral conflicts by complex individuals.

      Lumet established himself as a master of the motion-picture psychodrama with such powerful films as The Fugitive Kind (1960), film versions of Arthur Miller's A View from the Bridge (1962) and Eugene O'Neill's Long Day's Journey into Night (1962), Fail Safe (1964), and The Pawnbroker (1965). He directed lighter films in the late 1960s but returned to making tense urban dramas with The Anderson Tapes (1971), Serpico (1973), and Dog Day Afternoon (1975). Network (1976), a brilliant satirical study of commercial television, was one of his best films. He continued to examine the complexities of human emotion in such films as Equus (1977), Just Tell Me What You Want (1980), Deathtrap (1982), Prince of the City (1981), and The Verdict (1982). Later movies include Running on Empty (1988), Night Falls on Manhattan (1997), Gloria (1999; notable for being George C. Scott (Scott, George C.)'s final performance in a theatrical film), and Before the Devil Knows You're Dead (2007), which starred Ethan Hawke and Philip Seymour Hoffman (Hoffman, Philip Seymour). The recipient of several Oscar nominations, Lumet was given an Academy Award for lifetime achievement in 2005.

      The main characters in Lumet's most memorable films usually become enmeshed in some type of moral or emotional crisis, whether it be the obsessive pursuit of justice or truth or the passions aroused by jealousy or guilt, and his films trace his characters' varying and often tragic attempts to resolve their conflicts. His central characters are often lonely, disillusioned individuals who nevertheless act according to the idealistic dictates of their conscience.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LUMET, SIDNEY — (1924– ), U.S. theatrical and film director. Born in Philadelphia, Lumet, the son of actor Baruch Lumet and dancer Eugenia Wermus Lumet, was a child actor at the Yiddish Art Theater. He appeared on Broadway in 1937 and   later directed off… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lumet, Sidney — (n. 25 jun. 1924, Philadelphia, Pa., EE.UU.). Director de cine y televisión estadounidense. Fue un niño actor en el Yiddish Theatre y prosiguió en Broadway. Combatió en la segunda guerra mundial, y a su regreso dirigió obras de teatro y fue… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lumet, Sidney — • ЛЮ МЕТ, Ламет (Lumet) Сидни (р. 25.6.1924)    амер. режиссёр. С детских лет играл на сцене, выступал по радио. Учился в Колумб. ун те. Был театр. режиссёром. В 1950 дебютировал на ТВ как ассист. режиссёра, затем режиссёр. Первый ф. экранизация… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Lumet, Sidney —    см. Люмет, Сидни …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Sidney Lumet — Lumet en el Festival Internacional de Cine de Toronto en 2007 Nacimiento 25 de junio de 1924 Filadelfia, Pensilvania, Estados Unid …   Wikipedia Español

  • Sidney — Sidney, Algernon Sidney, Philip (Sydney) ► C. del SE de Australia, cap. del estado de Nueva Gales del Sur, abierta al océano Pacífico, primera ciudad del país; 3 538 970 h. Dos grandes puentes unen la c. con la orilla N de la bahía. Puerto… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lumet — Portrait von Sidney Lumet Sidney Lumet (* 25. Juni 1924 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania) ist ein US amerikanischer Filmregisseur. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sidney — /sid nee/, n. 1. Sir Philip, 1554 86, English poet, writer, statesman, and soldier. 2. a city in N Ohio. 17,657. 3. a male or female given name: a family name taken from a French placename, Saint Denis. Also, Sydney (for defs. 1, 3). * * * (as… …   Universalium

  • Sidney Lumet — (2007) Sidney Lumet [ sɪdni luːˈmɛt] (* 25. Juni 1924 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania; † 9. April 2011 in New York City) war ein US amerikanischer Regisseur …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Sidney Lumet — En 2007, au festival de Toronto Données clés Naissance 25  …   Wikipédia en Français

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