Lugosi, Bela

Lugosi, Bela
orig. Blasko Béla Ferenc Dezsö

born Oct. 20, 1882, Lugos, Hung.
died Aug. 16, 1956, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.

Hungarian-born U.S. film actor.

He acted with the National Theatre in Budapest (1913–19) and appeared in German films before leaving for the U.S. in 1921. He directed and starred in the play Dracula in New York in 1927; he reprised the role, which was ideally suited for his aristocratic manner and heavy accent, in the movie Dracula (1931). His other horror movies include The Black Cat (1934), Mark of the Vampire (1935), Son of Frankenstein (1939), Frankenstein Meets the Wolfman (1943), and The Body Snatcher (1945). Lugosi declined into poverty and obscurity and eventually took roles in low-budget independent films. He was buried wearing the long, black cape that he had worn in Dracula.

Lugosi as Count Dracula

Culver Pictures

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▪ Hungarian-American actor
original name  Blasko Béla Ferenc Dezső 
born October 20, 1882, Lugos, Hungary [now Lugoj, Romania]
died August 16, 1956, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
 Hungarian-born motion picture actor famous for his sinister portrayal of the elegantly mannered vampire, Count Dracula.

      At age 11 Lugosi ran away from home and began working odd jobs, including stage acting. He studied at the Budapest Academy of Theatrical Arts and made his stage debut in 1901. From 1913 to 1919 he was a member of the National Theatre. While in Budapest he also acted in several Hungarian films, often under the name Arisztid Olt. He went to Germany in 1919 and acted in films there until he immigrated to the United States in 1921. He made his Hollywood film debut in The Silent Command (1923) but worked sporadically throughout the remainder of the decade, largely because he had not yet mastered the English language and had difficulty communicating with coworkers. In 1927 he managed to land the title role in the Broadway production of Bram Stoker (Stoker, Bram)'s novel Dracula; the production was a success and Lugosi stayed with the show for the duration of its three-year run. It was also during this time that Lugosi was the subject of a national scandal when his wife of three days filed for divorce and named actress Clara Bow (Bow, Clara) as corespondent.

      Lugosi became a national celebrity when he reprised his stage success for the Universal Pictures (Universal Studios) film adaptation of Dracula (1931). With his slow, thickly accented voice, he etched lines such as “I never drink…wine” into the national consciousness, and Lugosi's name was thereafter associated with that of the bloodsucking count. The success of Universal's Frankenstein in the same year established the studio as the top producer of horror films and Lugosi and Boris Karloff (Karloff, Boris) (who starred in the role of Frankenstein's Monster, a role Lugosi had turned down) as kings of the genre. Lugosi's subsequent shockers include an adaptation of Edgar Allan Poe (Poe, Edgar Allan)'s Murders in the Rue Morgue (1932), White Zombie (1932), Island of Lost Souls (1933), and Mark of the Vampire (1935). He costarred with Karloff in several films, including The Black Cat (1934), The Raven (1935), and The Invisible Ray (1936), and he appeared occasionally in non-horror films, such as the Paramount Pictures all-star comedy International House (1933) and Ernst Lubitsch (Lubitsch, Ernst)'s Ninotchka (1939).

      Although Lugosi is most associated with the role of Dracula, many regard his portrayal of the half-crazed, broken-necked Ygor in Son of Frankenstein (1939) to be his finest screen performance. He again played Ygor in The Ghost of Frankenstein (1942), but by that time Lugosi's star had faded. Thereafter he appeared in numerous low-budget, forgettable films. There were a few exceptions, such as his appearance as Frankenstein's Monster—the role he had turned down in 1931—in Frankenstein Meets the Wolfman (1943). He teamed with Karloff again in the eerie The Body Snatcher (1945), and he returned to the role of Dracula in Abbott and Costello Meet Frankenstein (1948).

      Lugosi's decline into poverty and obscurity was accompanied by a growing dependence on narcotics. In 1955 he voluntarily committed himself to the state hospital in Norwalk, California, as a drug addict; he was released later that year. About the same time, Lugosi began an association with Ed Wood, Jr., the man regarded by many as the most comprehensively inept director in film history. Their collaboration produced such staggeringly shoddy efforts as Glen or Glenda? (1953), Bride of the Monster (1956), and Plan 9 from Outer Space (filmed 1956, released 1958), all now unintentionally hilarious cult favourites. Lugosi was buried, as he wished, wearing the long black cape that he had worn in Dracula.

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Universalium. 2010.

См. также в других словарях:

  • Lugosi, Bela — orig. Blasko Béla Ferenc Dezsö (20 oct. 1882, Lugos, Hungría–16 ago. 1956, Los Ángeles, Cal., EE.UU.). Actor de cine estadounidense de origen húngaro. Fue actor del Teatro Nacional en Budapest (1913–19) y después actuó en películas alemanas. En… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lugosi,Bela — Lu·go·si (lo͞o gōʹsē, lə ), Bela. 1884 1956. Hungarian born American actor known for portraying monsters in a number of films, including Dracula (1931) and The Wolf Man (1941). * * * …   Universalium

  • Lugosi, Bela — pseud. di Blasko, Bela …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Lugosi — Bela Lugosi, um 1920 Bela Lugosi (* 20. Oktober 1882 in Lugos, Banat, damals zu Österreich Ungarn, heute zu Rumänien (rum.: Lugoj; dt.: Lugosch) gehörend; † 16. August 1956 in Los Angeles, USA; eigentlich Béla Ferenc Dezső Blaskó) war ein …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bela Lugosi — vers 1920 Bela Lugosi, de son vrai nom Béla Ferenc Dezsõ Blasko, (20 octobre 1882, Lugoj, Transylvanie, Autriche Hongrie (actuellement Roumanie) 16 août 1956 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Béla Lugosi — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Béla Lugosi Nombre real Béla Ferenc Dezső Blaskó Nacimiento 20 de octubre de 1882 …   Wikipedia Español

  • Bela B — Bela B. während eines Interviews 2007 Bela B. 1998 Bela B. (* 14. Dezember 1962 in Berlin; bürgerlich Dirk Albert Felsenheimer), auch Bela B. (Ba …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bela B. Felsenheimer — Bela B. während eines Interviews 2007 Bela B. 1998 Bela B. (* 14. Dezember 1962 in Berlin; bürgerlich Dirk Albert Felsenheimer), auch Bela B. (Ba …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Béla Lugosi — Infobox actor name = Béla Lugosi imagesize = caption = circa 1920 birthname = Béla Ferenc Dezső Blaskó birthdate = birth date|1882|10|20 location = Lugos, Austria Hungary (now Lugoj, Romania) deathdate = death date and age|1956|08|16|1882|10|20… …   Wikipedia

  • Bela Ferenc Blasko — noun United States film actor (born in Hungary) noted for portraying monsters (1884 1956) • Syn: ↑Lugosi, ↑Bela Lugosi • Instance Hypernyms: ↑actor, ↑histrion, ↑player, ↑thespian, ↑role player …   Useful english dictionary


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