Longshan culture


Longshan culture
or Lung-shan culture

(2500–1900 BC) Neolithic culture of China's Huang He (Yellow River) valley.

Large sites with rammed-earth walls have been found. Characteristic Longshan pottery has thin walls and is well crafted; there are tall-stemmed black cups with eggshell-thin walls as well as polished black beakers. Oracle bones were used for divination. There is evidence of differentiation in social status, and jade artifacts and traces of metallurgy have been found.

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 Neolithic culture of central China, named for the site in Shandong (Shantung) province where its remains were first discovered by C.T. Wu. Dating from about 2600 to 2000 BCE, it is characterized by fine burnished ware in wheel-turned vessels of angular outline; abundant gray pottery; rectangular polished stone axes; walls of compressed earth; and a method of divination by heating cattle bones and interpreting the cracks. Longshan Black Pottery ware has been found in northern Henan, Anhui, Shanxi, and Shaanxi provinces and from as far away as the Liaodong Peninsula in northeastern China.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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