Locri Epizephyrii


Locri Epizephyrii
Ancient city in Magna Graecia, on the eastern coast of Italy's southwestern extremity.

Founded by Greeks с 680 BC, it was the first Greek community to have a written code of laws, the Locrian code (с 660 BC). It founded colonies and resisted Athenian intervention during the Peloponnesian War. Fickle in its allegiance, it was captured by Rome in 205 BC and destroyed by Sicilian Muslims in 915.

* * *

▪ ancient city, Italy
also called  Locri 
 ancient city on the eastern side of the “toe” of Italy, founded by Greeks c. 680 BC; the inhabitants used the name of Locri Epizephyrii to distinguish themselves from the Locri of Greece. Locri Epizephyrii was the first Greek community to have a written code of laws, given by Zaleucus c. 660 BC. Locri Epizephyrii founded colonies, repelled the attacks of Croton during the 6th century, and worked against Athenian intervention in the west during the Peloponnesian War. Dionysius I of Syracuse married a Locrian, increased the city's territory, and enlarged its walls, but the city lost its freedom. Locri Epizephyrii continually changed allegiance between Rome and its enemies until the Romans under Scipio Africanus captured the city in 205 BC. Sicilian Muslims destroyed the city in 915.

      Excavations in 1889–90, and resumed in 1954, disclosed a Doric temple, a sanctuary of Persephone, and numerous 5th-century-BC terra-cotta native plaques (pinakes). The discovery of prehistoric objects confirmed the accounts by Thucydides and Polybius that the Greeks were not the first settlers.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Locri Epizephyrii — Locri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Locri — Locri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Locri — Locri,   Seebad an der Südostküste von Kalabrien, Italien, 12 700 Einwohner; katholischer Bischofssitz (Bistum Locri Gerace), Museum.   Geschichte:   Etwa 4 km südwestlich der heutigen Stadt lag das antike Lokroi (Lokroi Epizephỵrioi, lateinisch …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Locri — Locres Locres Fouilles de Locres : rue principale, maisons Administration Pays   …   Wikipédia en Français

  • LOCRI — I. LOCRI in extrema Italiae ora, quam Magnam Graeciam an tiqui appellârunt opp. incolentes eiusdem nominis, ab iis Locris, qui Aiacem Oileum ad Troiam secutisunt, conditum. Vide Serv. in illud Virg. Aen. l. 3. v. 399. Hic et Naritii posuêrunt… …   Hofmann J. Lexicon universale

  • Roman Catholic Diocese of Locri-Gerace — The Italian Catholic diocese of Locri Gerace is in Calabria. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Reggio Calabria Bova. Historically it was the diocese of Gerace, becoming in 1954 the diocese of Gerace Locri and taking the current name in 1986 …   Wikipedia

  • Locroi — Locri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lokri — Locri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lokroi — Locri …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lokroi Epizephyrioi — Locri …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.