Lissitzky, El


Lissitzky, El
or El Lisitsky orig. Lazar Markovich Lisitskii

born Nov. 10, 1890, Pochinok, near Smolensk, Russia
died Dec. 30, 1941, Moscow

Russian painter, typographer, and designer.

As a teacher at Marc Chagall's revolutionary art school in Vitebsk, he met Kazimir Malevich, whose influence is seen in a series of abstract paintings that were Lissitzky's major contribution to Constructivism. In 1922, after the Soviet government turned against modern art, he went to Germany. There Theo van Doesburg and László Moholy-Nagy transmitted his ideas to the West through their teaching at the Bauhaus. In 1925 he returned to Russia and devoted himself to devising new techniques of printing, photomontage, and architecture.

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▪ Russian artist
byname of  Eliezer, or Elizar, Lissitzky,  Russian  in full Lazar Markovich Lisitsky 
born Nov. 10 [Nov. 22, New Style], 1890, Pochinok, near Smolensk, Russia
died Dec. 30, 1941, Moscow
 Russian painter, typographer, and designer, a pioneer of nonrepresentational art in the early 20th century. His innovations in typography, advertising, and exhibition design were particularly influential.

      Lissitzky studied architecture at Darmstadt, Ger., and, during World War I, at Moscow. In 1919 Marc Chagall appointed him teacher at the revolutionary school of art in Vitebsk. Kasimir Malevich (Malevich, Kazimir), the painter and founder of the Suprematist movement, which advocated the supremacy of pure geometric form over representation, also taught there, and he greatly influenced Lissitzky. In 1919 Lissitzky began to work on a series of abstract geometric paintings that he named “Proun,” an acronym for the Russian words translated as “Projects for the Affirmation of the New.” These paintings were a major contribution to the Constructivist art movement. In 1921 he became professor at the state art school in Moscow, but he left his country at year's end, when the Soviet government turned against modern art. He went to Germany, where he met the artist-designer László Moholy-Nagy (Moholy-Nagy, László), who transmitted Lissitzky's ideas on art to western Europe and the United States through his teaching at the Bauhaus.

      Between 1925 and 1928 Lissitzky lived in Hannover, where he cofounded a number of periodicals propagating the most progressive artistic tendencies of the 1920s. In the winter of 1928–29 he returned to Moscow, where he continued to be an innovative force. His experiments in spatial construction led him to devise new techniques in exhibiting, printing, photomontage, and architecture, which have had much influence in western Europe.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LISSITZKY (E.) — LISSITZKY ELIEZER dit EL (1890 1941) Artiste russe. Peintre, typographe, décorateur, architecte, enseignant, éditeur, propagandiste, El Lissitzky est un praticien inclassable. Cette activité multidisciplinaire est toujours marquée d’une empreinte …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • LISSITZKY, EL — (Lazar; 1890–1941), Russian painter. Born in Smolensk province, where his parents were hatters, he earned his living by giving drawing lessons. He was unable to enter the Academy of Art in St. Petersburg because the Jewish quota was filled.… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lissitzky — ist der Name von El Lissitzky (1890−1941), russischer Maler, Grafikdesigner, Architekt, Typograph und Fotograf Sophie Lissitzky Küppers (1891−1978), deutsche Kunsthistorikerin, Förderin der Avantgarde, Autorin und Kunstsammlerin Diese Seite ist… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lissitzky — Lissitzky, Eliezer …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lissitzky — Lazar Markovich Lissitzky Avec un coin rouge, frappez les Blancs, lithographie de 1920 Lazar Markovich Lissitzky ( en russe : Лазарь Маркович Лисицкий), ou Lissitsky dit El Lissitzky (Эль Лисицкий), né à Pochinok (une petite communauté juive …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lissitzky — Lissịtzky   [ ki], Lissịzkij, El (Eliezer), eigentlich Lasar Markọwitsch Lissitzky, russischer Maler, Grafiker und Architekt, * Potschinok (Gebiet Smolensk) 23. 11. 1890, ✝ Moskau 30. 12. 1941; wichtiger Vertreter des Konstruktivismus.… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Lissitzky, El — o El Lisitsky orig. Lazar Markovich Lisitskii (10 nov. 1890, Pochinok, cercanías de Smolensk, Rusia–30 dic. 1941, Moscú). Pintor, tipógrafo y diseñador ruso. Cuando era profesor en la revolucionaria escuela de arte de Marc Chagall en Vitebsk,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • LISSITZKY, El — (1890 1941)    See CONSTRUCTIVIST ARCHITECTURE …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Lissitzky, Eliezer — ► (1890 1941) Pintor soviético. Ejerció una gran influencia sobre Moholy Nagy y, a través de él, sobre la Bauhaus. Autor del libro Historia de dos vías …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • El Lissitzky — Infobox Person name =El Lissitzky image size =200px caption = El Lissitzky in a 1924 self portrait birth date = November 23, 1890 birth place = Pochinok death date = December 30, 1941 death place = Moscow occupation = ArtistAudio|ru El… …   Wikipedia


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