- Limpopo River
River, South Africa.Rising as the Crocodile (Krokodil) River in the Witwatersrand, South Africa, it flows northeast along the border of South Africa and southeast across Mozambique to empty into the Indian Ocean. Along its middle course it divides South Africa from Botswana and Zimbabwe. It is 1,100 mi (1,800 km) long but is navigable only 130 mi (208 km) from the coast. The first European to visit it was Vasco da Gama, who named its mouth the Espíritu Santo River in 1498.
* * *river in southeast Africa that rises as the Krokodil (Crocodile) River in the Witwatersrand, South Africa, and flows on a semicircular course first northeast and then east for about 1,100 miles (1,800 km) to the Indian Ocean. From its source the river flows northward to the Magaliesberg, cutting the Hartbeespoort Gap, which is the site of an irrigation dam. It then flows across the fertile Bushveld basin to open granite country, where it is joined on the left bank by the Marico River. From there it is known as the Limpopo River. (The name may be Sotho for “river of the waterfall.”) Turning northeastward, the river forms the border for about 250 miles (400 km) between Limpopo province and Botswana, receiving seasonal tributaries. After swinging eastward between Limpopo province and Zimbabwe, the Limpopo River receives the Shashi River and flows about 150 miles (240 km) to Mozambique, where it reaches the fall line. In this zone the river drops about 800 feet (250 metres), with most of the drop concentrated in 27 miles (43 km) of rapids, especially those at Malala, Molukwe, and Quiqueque. The Limpopo River is unnavigable until its confluence with the Olifants River, 130 miles (209 km) from the coast. Though partially blocked by a sandbar at its outlet, the river can be entered by coastal steamers at high tide. The Limpopo River is dammed about 62 miles (100 km) from its mouth—near Guijá, where an agricultural settlement has been developed.The Krokodil headwaters at Hartbeespoort Dam have a mean annual discharge of 124,000 acre-feet (152,954,000 cubic metres), with maximum flow in February and minimum in August. The Limpopo River's lower and middle courses reflect climatic changes, drying to a series of pools in the winter months and reaching flood proportions in the summer.The first European to sight the river was Vasco da Gama (Gama, Vasco da), who anchored off its mouth in 1498 and named it Espiritu Santo River. Its lower course was explored by St. Vincent Whitshed Erskine in 1868–69, and Captain J.F. Elton traveled down its middle course in 1870.
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Limpopo River — Infobox River river name = Limpopo caption = Limpopo River in Mozambique origin = mouth = Indian Ocean basin countries = South Africa, Botswana, Zimbabwe, Mozambique length km = 1750 length mi = 1087 elevation = discharge m3/s = 174.288 discharge … Wikipedia
Limpopo — Para la provincia de Sudáfrica, véase Provincia de Limpopo. Río Limpopo (Limpopo River) El río Limpopo en Mozambique. País que atraviesa … Wikipedia Español
Limpopo — This article is about the province in South Africa. For other uses, see Limpopo (disambiguation). Northern Transvaal redirects here. For the rugby union team, see Blue Bulls. Limpopo Province of South Africa The Province… … Wikipedia
Limpopo — /lim poh poh/, n. a river in S Africa, flowing from the N Republic of South Africa, through S Mozambique into the Indian Ocean. 1000 mi. (1600 km) long. Also called Crocodile River. * * * ▪ province, South Africa formerly (1994–2002) Northern … … Universalium
Limpopo National Park — The Limpopo National Park (Portuguese: Parque Nacional do Limpopo) was born when the status of Coutada 16 Wildlife Utilisation Area in Gaza Province, Mozambique, was changed from a hunting concession to a protected area. It forms part of the… … Wikipedia
river — river1 riverless, adj. riverlike, adj. /riv euhr/, n. 1. a natural stream of water of fairly large size flowing in a definite course or channel or series of diverging and converging channels. 2. a similar stream of something other than water: a… … Universalium
Limpopo (Fluss) — Limpopo Das Einzugsgebiet des Limpopo DatenVorlage:Infobox Fluss/GKZ fehlt … Deutsch Wikipedia
Limpopo — [lim pō′pō] river in SE Africa, flowing from Northern Transvaal, South Africa, across Mozambique into the Indian Ocean: c. 1,000 mi (1,609 km) … English World dictionary
Limpopo (province) — 24° S 29° E / 24, 29 … Wikipédia en Français
Limpopo-Nationalpark — Parque National do Limpopo IUCN Kategorie II … Deutsch Wikipedia