Li Bai


Li Bai
or Li Bo or Li Pai or Li Po or Taibai

born 701, Jiangyou, Sichuan province, China
died 762, Dangtu, Anhui province

Chinese poet.

A student of Daoism, he spent long periods wandering and served as an unofficial court poet. His lyrics are celebrated for their exquisite imagery, rich language, allusions, and cadence. A romantic, he was a famous wine drinker and wrote of the joys of drinking, as well as about friendship, solitude, nature, and the passage of time. Popular legend says that he drowned when, sitting drunk in a boat, he tried to seize the moon's reflection in the water. He rivals Du Fu for the title of China's greatest poet.

* * *

▪ Chinese poet
also spelled  Li Bo , Wade-Giles romanization  Li Pai  or  Li Po , courtesy name (zi)  Taibai , literary name (hao)  Qinglian Jushi 
born 701, Jiangyou, Sichuan province, China
died 762, Dangtu, Anhui province

      Chinese poet who rivaled Du Fu for the title of China's greatest poet.

      Li Bai liked to regard himself as belonging to the imperial family, but he actually belonged to a less exalted family of the same surname. At age 24 he left home for a period of wandering, after which he married and lived with his wife's family in Anlu (now in Hubei province). He had already begun to write poetry, some of which he showed to various officials in the vain hope of becoming employed as a secretary. After another nomadic period, in 742 he arrived at Chang'an, the Tang dynasty capital, no doubt hoping to be given a post at court. No official post was forthcoming, but he was accepted into a group of distinguished court poets. In the autumn of 744 he began his wanderings again.

      In 756 Li Bai became unofficial poet laureate to the military expedition of Prince Lin, the emperor's 16th son. The prince was soon accused of intending to establish an independent kingdom and was executed; Li Bai was arrested and imprisoned at Jiujiang. In the summer of 758 he was banished to Yelang; before he arrived there, he benefited from a general amnesty. He returned to eastern China, where he died in a relative's house, though popular legend says that he drowned when, sitting drunk in a boat, he tried to seize the moon's reflection in the water.

      Li Bai was a romantic in his view of life and in his verse. One of the most famous wine drinkers in China's long tradition of imbibers, Li Bai frequently celebrated the joy of drinking. He also wrote of friendship, solitude, the passage of time, and the joys of nature with brilliance and great freshness of imagination.

Additional Reading
Arthur Waley, The Poetry and Career of Li Po, 701–762 A.D. (1950, reissued 1979); David Hinton (trans.), The Selected Poems of Li Po (1996).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Bai Chongxi — 白崇禧 General Bai Chongxi ROC Minister of National Defense In office 1946–1949 Preceded by Post Created …   Wikipedia

  • Bai (Langue) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bái (白). Bai 白族話 (bai zu hua)/Bairt‧ngvrt‧zix Parlée en Chine Région Yunnan Nombre de locuteurs 1 240 000 (2003) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bai Ganio — Baï Ganio Baï Ganio Personnage de Baï Ganio Alias Ganïo Samov Origine Bulgarie G …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Baï Ganio — Personnage de fiction apparaissant dans Baï Ganio Alias Ganïo Samov Origine Bulgarie …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bǎi — Bai Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bái (白). Femme bai en vêtement traditionnel, suivie de femmes naxi dans les rues d un village ancien de Lijiang …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bǎi (百) — Bai Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bái (白). Femme bai en vêtement traditionnel, suivie de femmes naxi dans les rues d un village ancien de Lijiang …   Wikipédia en Français

  • bai — bai, baie [ bɛ ] adj. • XIIe; lat. badius « brun » ♦ D un brun rouge, en parlant de la robe d un cheval. Une jument baie. Bolet bai, de cette couleur, comestible. ⊗ HOM. Baie, bey. ● bai nom masculin Couleur de la robe d un cheval bai. Cheval bai …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bai Juyi — Names Chinese: 白居易 Pinyin: Bó Jūyì or Bái Jūyì Wade Giles: Po Chü i or Pai Chü i Zì 字 …   Wikipedia

  • Bai (Sprache) — Bai (Bairt‧ngvr‧zix) Gesprochen in Volksrepublik China Sprecher 900.000 Linguistische Klassifikation Sinotibetische Sprachen Tibetobirmanische Sprachen Bai Bai (Eigenbezeichnung: Bairt‧ngvr‧ …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Bai Bureh — (1840 1908) was a Sierra Leonean ruler and military strategist who lead the Temne uprising against British rule in 1898 in Northern Sierra Leone. Early lifeBai Bureh was born in 1840 in Kasseh, a village near Port Loko in the Northern Province of …   Wikipedia

  • Bai-brun — Bai (cheval) Un pur sang arabe bai …   Wikipédia en Français


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.