Leizhou Peninsula


Leizhou Peninsula
or Lei-chou Peninsula conventional Luichow Peninsula

Peninsula off the southwestern coast of Guangdong province, southeastern China.

Separated from Hainan Island by the Hainan Strait, it includes Kwangchowan, a territory leased by France from 1898 to 1945. Occupied by Japan in World War II, it was returned to Chinese control in 1946.

* * *

Chinese (Pinyin)  Leizhou Bandao  or  (Wade-Giles romanization)  Lei-chou Pan-tao , conventional  Luichow Peninsula 

      peninsula, some 75 miles (120 km) from north to south and 30 miles (48 km) east to west, jutting out southward from the coast of Guangdong province, extreme southern China, and separated from the island province of Hainan (Hai-nan) by the 10-mile- (16-km-) wide Qiong Strait. The peninsula is curved; together with two large islands on the east coast, Naozhou and Donghai, it forms two bays, Leizhou to the south of the islands and Zhanjiang to the north. The largest city on the peninsula is Zhanjiang, which faces the bay of the same name. Administratively, the peninsula forms part of Zhanjiang municipality. The peninsula forms part of the eastern limit of the Gulf of Tonkin (Tonkin, Gulf of), and it takes its name from the ancient city of Leizhou (now Haikang) on the eastern coast, which was, until the rise of Zhanjiang in the 20th century, the chief city and the seat of the prefecture of Leizhou.

      From 1898 to 1946 the French held a lease on an area of 325 square miles (842 square km) on the eastern coast, including the two bays and the two large islands. Usually referred to as Kwangchowan, the French called it Kouang-Tchéou-Wan. Its capital was at Zhanjiang, renamed Fort Bayard by the French. Occupied by the Japanese in World War II, it was returned to China by France in 1946.

      The peninsula consists of undulating upland with a generally low relief, dropping in steps to the sea. It is mostly formed of basalt and geologically recent sedimentary rocks, with the cones of numerous extinct volcanoes about 825 feet (250 metres) high in the northern and southern sections of the peninsula. The climate is sharply differentiated between the eastern section, which receives more than 40 inches (1,000 mm) of precipitation annually, and the western, which receives considerably less. The whole area is much drier than the neighbouring mainland or Hainan, and the climate generally is tropical with no true winter conditions; average January temperatures vary between 61 and 64 °F (16 and 18 °C), and June temperatures between 86 and 91 °F (30 and 33 °C). There is thus a high rate of evaporation. Forest belts have been planted since 1955 to diminish wind velocity across the peninsula and thereby reduce evaporation.

      The area was originally forested, but almost all of the forest cover, except on the northern hills, was destroyed long ago. As a result, uncultivated areas have suffered from soil erosion and are mostly covered with rough savanna grassland, with shrubs and thickets growing in the valleys. The soil layer, always thin, has been completely washed away in places, often after grassland fires or overgrazing have destroyed the protective vegetation cover. The area is now under development as a national centre for tropical crops and aquaculture; less rice is grown in the area than in other parts of Guangdong. There are some mineral deposits, e.g., manganese and mercury.

      The main cities are Zhanjiang, now an important port in southern China, Haikang on the east coast, and Xuwen, with its port, Hai'an, at the southern tip of the peninsula. In 2000 work was completed on a railway from the north that extends southward from Zhanjiang to Hai'an; from there, railway cars are transported by ferry across the Qiong Strait to Hainan.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Leizhou Peninsula — The Leizhou Peninsula is a peninsula in the southernmost part of Guangdong province in southern China.GeographyLeizhou Peninsula is located on the southwestern end of Guangdong, with the Gulf of Tonkin to the west and the 30 km wide Qiongzhou… …   Wikipedia

  • Leizhou Peninsula — /ˌleɪʒhoʊ pəˈnɪnʃələ/ (say .layzhhoh puh ninshuhluh) noun a peninsula of south eastern China in south western Guangdong province, separated from Hainan Island by the Strait of Hainan. Formerly, Luichow Peninsula …   Australian English dictionary

  • Leizhou, península de — o Lei chou Península que se extiende desde la costa sudoeste de la provincia de Guangdong, en el sudeste de China. El estrecho de Hainan la separa de la isla de Hainan; allí se encuentra Kwangchowan, territorio arrendado por Francia de 1898 a… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leizhou dialect — (zh tsp|t=雷州話|s=雷州话|p=Léizhōu huà) is a dialect of the Min language family, which in turn constitutes one of the Sinitic language families. It is spoken in the Leizhou city and its neighbouring areas on the Leizhou peninsula in the west of the… …   Wikipedia

  • Leizhou — City (雷州市; pinyin: Léizhōu Shì; Lei Chow) is a county level city in Guangdong province, in southern China.It is under the jurisdiction of Zhanjiang prefecture level city.GeographyLeizhou is located on the Leizhou Peninsula.ee also* Leizhou… …   Wikipedia

  • peninsula — peninsular, adj. peninsularism, peninsularity /peuh nin seuh lar i tee, nins yeuh /, n. /peuh nin seuh leuh, nins yeuh leuh/, n. 1. an area of land almost completely surrounded by water except for an isthmus connecting it with the mainland. 2.… …   Universalium

  • Península — (Del lat. paeninsula.) ► sustantivo femenino GEOGRAFÍA Extensión de tierra rodeada de agua por todas partes menos por una, por la que se une a una tierra mayor. * * * península (del lat. «paeninsŭla») f. *Territorio rodeado de agua en casi todo… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Leizhou — [lā′jō΄] peninsula in Guangdong province, SE China, opposite Hainan island: c. 90 mi (145 km) long …   English World dictionary

  • Leizhou — or Lei chou or Luichow geographical name peninsula SE China in Guangdong between South China Sea & Gulf of Tonkin …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • Leizhou — /lay joh /, n. Pinyin. a peninsula of SW Guangdong province, in SE China, between the South China Sea and the Gulf of Tonkin. ab. 75 mi. (120 km) long; ab. 30 mi. (48 km) wide. Also, Leichou, Luichow. * * * …   Universalium


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.