- Leech, John
born Aug. 29, 1817, London, Eng.died Oct. 29, 1864, LondonBritish caricaturist.He gave up the study of medicine to produce comic sketches and etchings for magazines, notably Punch. He collaborated with George Cruikshank but later departed from the horrific and satirical elements of traditional English caricature to develop his own style of comfortable, warmly humorous middle-class urbanity, underlining character by emphatic contrasts of stock types. With John Tenniel he created the image of John Bull, a jovial, foursquare Englishman, sometimes in a Union Jack waistcoat, with a bulldog at heel.
* * *▪ British caricaturistborn Aug. 29, 1817, London, Eng.died Oct. 29, 1864, LondonEnglish caricaturist notable for his contributions to Punch magazine.Leech was educated at Charterhouse, where he met William Makepeace Thackeray, who was to be his lifelong friend. He then began to study medicine but soon drifted into the artistic profession and in 1835 published Etchings and Sketchings by A. Pen, Esq., comic character studies from the London streets. In 1840 Leech began contributing to magazines with a series of etchings in Bentley's Miscellany; he also collaborated with George Cruikshank, whose work his own resembled in both style and subject. Later, however, he excluded the horrific and satirical elements present in the tradition of English caricature established in the late 18th and early 19th centuries by James Gillray and Thomas Rowlandson. Leech developed in his caricatures a comfortable, warmly humorous middle-class urbanity, in which character is underlined by emphatic contrasts of stock types. These qualities emerge from the four etchings illustrating Charles Dickens' Christmas Carol (1844), the Comic History of England (1847–48), and the woodcuts for the Comic History of Rome (1852). These were followed by numerous etchings and woodcuts of sporting scenes in the novels of his friend R.S. Surtees.Leech's first contribution to Punch appeared in the issue of Aug. 7, 1841. This was the beginning of a fruitful connection that resulted in about 3,000 caricatures and other illustrations for the magazine. Leech concentrated on social caricature, as in Pictures of Life and Character from the Collection of Mr. Punch (1854, 1860, and 1863). Leech and the English illustrator Sir John Tenniel (Tenniel, Sir John) were the creators of the conventional image of John Bull—a jovial and honest Englishman, solid and foursquare, sometimes in a Union Jack waistcoat and with a bulldog at heel. He also contributed to Punch almanacs and pocketbooks, to Once a Week, and to The Illustrated London News, as well as to numerous novels and miscellaneous volumes.
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LEECH, JOHN — English artist, born in London; was educated at the Charterhouse, and a fellow pupil there of Thackeray s; displayed early a turn for caricature; produced a set of illustrations for the Ingoldsby Legends ; joined the staff of Punch in 1844,… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
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John Henry Leech — (5 December 1862 29 December 1900, Salisbury was an English entomologist who specialised in Lepidoptera and Coleoptera.His collections from China , Japan and Kashmir are in the Natural History Museum , London.These contain alsoinsects from… … Wikipedia
Leech lattice — In mathematics, the Leech lattice is an even unimodular lattice Λ24 in 24 dimensional Euclidean space E24 found by John Leech (1967). Contents 1 History 2 Characterization 3 Properties … Wikipedia
John Leech (politician) — Infobox MP honorific prefix = name = John Leech honorific suffix =MP party = Liberal Democrat imagesize = 200px constituency MP = Manchester Withington term start = 5 May2005 term end = parliament = majority = 667 (1.8%) predecessor = Keith… … Wikipedia
john — /jon/, n. Slang. 1. a toilet or bathroom. 2. (sometimes cap.) a fellow; guy. 3. (sometimes cap.) a prostitute s customer. [generic use of the proper name] * * * I known as John Lackland born Dec. 24, 1167, Oxford, Eng. died Oct. 18/19, 1216,… … Universalium
John — /jon/, n. 1. the apostle John, believed to be the author of the fourth Gospel, three Epistles, and the book of Revelation. 2. See John the Baptist. 3. (John Lackland) 1167? 1216, king of England 1199 1216; signer of the Magna Carta 1215 (son of… … Universalium
John Leech (caricaturist) — John Leech (August 29, 1817 ndash;October 29, 1864 in London) was an English caricaturist.Early lifeJohn Leech was born in London. His father, a native of Ireland, was the landlord of the London Coffee House on Ludgate Hill, a man , on the… … Wikipedia
John Leech (Mathematiker) — John Leech (* 21. Juli 1926 in Weybridge in Surrey; † 28. September 1992 in Schottland) war ein englischer Mathematiker, der sich mit Zahlentheorie, Geometrie und kombinatorischer Gruppentheorie beschäftigte. Er entdeckte 1964 das Leech Gitter.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
John Leech — (21 juillet 1926– 28 septembre 1992) est un mathématicien britannique ayant travaillé dans la théorie des nombres, la géométrie et la théorie des groupes combinatoires. Il est surtout connu pour sa découverte du Leech lattice en 1965. Il a été… … Wikipédia en Français