- Laughton, Charles
died Dec. 15, 1962, Hollywood, Calif., U.S.British actor.He made his London stage debut in 1926 and acted in plays such as The Government Inspector, Medea, and Payment Deferred, in which he made his New York debut in 1931. He appeared in movies from 1929 and earned international acclaim in The Private Life of Henry VIII (1933, Academy Award). With his bulky frame and ordinary face Laughton defied Hollywood typecasting and emerged as one of the most versatile performers of his generation. He played a wide range of character roles in films such as Mutiny on the Bounty (1935), Ruggles of Red Gap (1935), The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939), Witness for the Prosecution (1957), and Advise and Consent (1962). He directed the memorable The Night of the Hunter (1955).
* * *▪ English actorborn July 1, 1899, Scarborough, Yorkshire, Englanddied December 15, 1962, Hollywood, California, U.S.gifted British actor and director who defied the Hollywood typecasting system to emerge as one of most versatile performers of his generation.The son of a Yorkshire hotel keeper, Laughton was expected to go into the family business after graduating from Stonyhurst School at age 16. He was instead drawn to performing, and in 1925 he enrolled at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art. Making his first professional London stage appearance in a 1926 production of The Government Inspector, he was able to avoid the usual typecasting brought on by a homely face and bulky frame, playing a wide variety of characters both villainous and virtuous. He made his film debut in the two-reel British comedy Bluebottles in 1928, the same year that he met his future wife, actress Elsa Lanchester. He went to New York City in 1931, where he repeated his London stage success in Payment Deferred (1932), and was signed by Paramount Pictures (Paramount Pictures Corporation) the following year. Cast as a raving lunatic in his first American picture, The Devil and the Deep (1932), he immediately counteracted this image with his portrayal of a good-natured industrialist in The Old Dark House (1932). Shortly afterward he switched gears again to play the depraved Nero in The Sign of the Cross (1932). He returned to England in 1933 to play the title role in The Private Life of Henry VIII, a rich, robust performance that won him an Academy Award.Continuing to play such unpleasant film characters as Javert in Les Misérables (1935) and Captain Bligh in Mutiny on the Bounty (1935), he balanced these assignments with such sympathetic roles as the mild-mannered British valet in Ruggles of Red Gap (1935) and the pathetic Quasimodo in The Hunchback of Notre Dame (1939). He even dabbled in broad comedy, most memorably in Abbott and Costello Meet Captain Kidd (1952). Laughton's inclination toward hammy self-indulgence was not universally appreciated by his coworkers, but audiences adored him, excesses and all. Near the end of his career his acting style mellowed considerably, and many observers regard his evenly measured performances in Spartacus (1960) and Advise and Consent (1962) as his finest work. He also proved to be an accomplished film director with the allegorical thriller The Night of the Hunter (1955).Laughton became an American citizen in 1950, shortly after he began to tour extensively with his readers' theatre presentations of George Bernard Shaw's Don Juan in Hell and Stephen Vincent Benét's John Brown's Body. Many of Laughton's best readings have been preserved in audio recordings and in the filmed television series This is Charles Laughton (1953). Laughton also produced and directed the long-running Broadway drama The Caine Mutiny Court Martial (1953).Additional ReadingElsa Lanchester, Charles Laughton and I (1968); Simon Callow, Charles Laughton: A Difficult Actor (1987, reissued 1997).
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Laughton, Charles — (1899–1962) The British character actor Charles Laughton was born on July 1, 1899, in Scarborough, England. Laughton, a Catholic, was educated by the Jesuits at Stonyhurst College. He followed his father into the hotel business and became a… … The Encyclopedia of Stanley Kubrick
Laughton, Charles — • ЛО УТОН, Лаутон, Лотон (Laughton) Чарлз (1.7.1899 15.12.1962) англо амер. актёр. Окончил Королев. академию драм, иск ва в Лондоне. С 1926 в т рах Лондона, Стратфорда он Эйвон, Нью Йорка. С 1928 в кино (к/м ф. Васильки ). Известность принесло … Кино: Энциклопедический словарь
Laughton,Charles — Laugh·ton (lôtʹn), Charles. 1899 1962. British born American actor whose many motion picture roles include that of Captain Bligh in Mutiny on the Bounty (1935). * * * … Universalium
Laughton, Charles — ► (1899 1962) Actor teatral y cinematográfico británico. Películas:La vida privada de Enrique VIII (Óscar, 1934) y Rebelión a bordo (1935), entre otras. * * * (1 jul. 1899, Scarborough, Yorkshire, Inglaterra–15 dic. 1962 Hollywood, Cal., EE.UU.) … Enciclopedia Universal
Laughton — Laughton, Charles … Enciclopedia Universal
Charles Laughton — en 1940 Nacimiento 1 de julio de 1899 … Wikipedia Español
Charles Laughton — photograph by Carl Van Vechten, 1940. Born July 1, 1899(1899 07 01) Scarborough, Yorkshire, England … Wikipedia
Laughton — Charles Laughton, 1940 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress Charles Laughton (ˈlɔtn) (* 1. Juli 1899 in Scarborough; † … Deutsch Wikipedia
Charles E. Laughton — 1st Lieutenant Governor of Washington In office November 11, 1889 – January 9, 1893 Governor Elisha P. Ferry Preceded by None Succeeded by F.H. L … Wikipedia
Charles — Charles, Ray * * * (as used in expressions) Adams, Charles Francis Addams, Charles (Samuel) Atlas, Charles Babbage, Charles Barkley, Charles (Wade) Charles Daly Barnet Bartlett, Sir Frederic C(harles) Baudelaire, Charles (Pierre) Charles Edward… … Enciclopedia Universal