Lateran Treaty


Lateran Treaty
or Lateran Pact

(1929) Pact of mutual recognition between Italy and the Vatican, signed in the Lateran Palace, Rome.

The Vatican agreed to recognize the state of Italy, with Rome as its capital, in exchange for formal establishment of Roman Catholicism as the state religion of Italy, institution of religious instruction in the public schools, the banning of divorce, and recognition of papal sovereignty over Vatican City and the complete independence of the pope. A second concordat in 1985 ended Catholicism's status as the state religion and discontinued compulsory religious education.

* * *

Italy [1929]
also called  Lateran Pact of 1929 

      treaty (effective June 7, 1929, to June 3, 1985) between Italy and the Vatican. It was signed by Benito Mussolini (Mussolini, Benito) for the Italian government and by cardinal secretary of state Pietro Gasparri (Gasparri, Pietro) for the papacy and confirmed by the Italian constitution of 1948.

      Upon ratification of the Lateran Treaty, the papacy recognized the state of Italy, with Rome as its capital. Italy in return recognized papal sovereignty over the Vatican City, a minute territory of 44 hectares (109 acres), and secured full independence for the pope. A number of additional measures were agreed upon. Article 1, for example, gave the city of Rome a special character as the “centre of the Catholic world and place of pilgrimage.” Article 20 stated that all bishops were to take an oath of loyalty to the state and had to be Italian subjects speaking the Italian language.

      By article 34 the state recognized the validity of Catholic marriage and its subjection to the provisions of canon law; nullity cases were therefore reserved to the ecclesiastical courts, and there could be no divorce.

      The state agreed by article 36 of the concordat to permit religious instruction in the public primary and secondary schools and conceded to the bishops the right to appoint or dismiss those who imparted such instruction and to approve the textbooks that they used.

      With the signing of the concordat of 1985, Roman Catholicism was no longer the state religion of Italy. This change in status brought about a number of alterations in Italian society. Perhaps the most significant of these was the end to compulsory religious education in public schools. The new concordat also affected such diverse areas as tax exemptions for religious institutions and ownership of the Jewish catacombs.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lateran Treaty — Vatican City State This article is part of the series: Politics and government of Vatican City State Fundamental Law Pope: Benedic …   Wikipedia

  • Lateran Treaty — noun the agreement signed in the Lateran Palace in 1929 by Italy and the Holy See which recognized the Vatican City as a sovereign and independent papal state • Instance Hypernyms: ↑covenant, ↑compact, ↑concordat …   Useful english dictionary

  • Lateran Treaty —  (1929). Treaty between Italy and the Vatican by which the papacy recognized Italy as a state and Italy recognized the Vatican City as a sovereign papal state …   Bryson’s dictionary for writers and editors

  • Lateran — and Laterano are the shared names of several architectural projects throughout Rome. The properties were once owned by the Lateranus family of the former Roman Empire. The Laterani lost their properties to Emperor Constantine who in turn gave it… …   Wikipedia

  • Lateran Palace — The Lateran Palace, sometimes more formally known as the Apostolic Palace of the Lateran (Italian: Palazzo Laterano ), is an ancient palace of the Roman Empire and later a Papal residence. Adjacent to the Basilica di San Giovanni in Laterano, the …   Wikipedia

  • treaty — /tree tee/, n., pl. treaties. 1. a formal agreement between two or more states in reference to peace, alliance, commerce, or other international relations. 2. the formal document embodying such an international agreement. 3. any agreement or… …   Universalium

  • Lateran — /lat euhr euhn/, n. the church of St. John Lateran, the cathedral church of the city of Rome; the church of the pope as bishop of Rome. * * * (as used in expressions) Lateran Council Lateran Treaty Lateran Pact * * * …   Universalium

  • Lateran Pacts —    The Lateran pacts were an agreement reached between Mussolini and Pope Pius XI that replaced the guarantee laws of 1871 as the basis for church state relations in Italy. They were the fruit of a lengthy period of secret negotiations among Pius …   Historical Dictionary of modern Italy

  • Basilica of St. John Lateran — Papal Archbasilica of St. John Lateran Archibasilica Sanctissimi Salvatoris et Sanctorum Iohannes Baptistae et Evangelistae in Laterano Omnium urbis et orbis ecclesiarum mater et caput Facade of the Basilica of St. John Lateran Basic information… …   Wikipedia

  • List of special entities recognized by international treaty or agreement — A number of geographical political entities have a special position recognized by international treaty or agreement ( Andorra , Åland in Finland, Monaco , Svalbard in Norway, Kosovo in Serbia, the Vatican City state, the Occupied Palestinian… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.