Lang, Fritz


Lang, Fritz
born Dec. 5, 1890, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
died Aug. 2, 1976, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.

Austrian-born U.S. film director.

He studied architecture in Vienna and served in the Austrian army in World War I. While recovering from war wounds, he began to write screenplays. He found work at a movie studio in Berlin, where he later directed successful films such as Between Two Worlds (1921), Dr. Mabuse (1922), the two-part The Nibelungen (1924), the expressionistic Metropolis (1926), and M (1931). After making the anti-Nazi film The Last Will of Dr. Mabuse (1933), he left Germany for Paris and later Hollywood. His U.S. films, which equal his German films in their intensity, pessimism, and visual mastery, include Fury (1936), You Only Live Once (1937), Ministry of Fear (1944), Rancho Notorious (1952), and The Big Heat (1953). Many of his films deal with fate and man's inevitable working out of his destiny.

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▪ German director
born Dec. 5, 1890, Vienna, Austria-Hungary
died Aug. 2, 1976, Los Angeles, Calif., U.S.
 Austrian-born American motion-picture director whose films, dealing with fate and man's inevitable working out of his destiny, are considered masterpieces of visual composition.

      The son of an architect, Lang briefly studied architecture at Vienna's Technical University, then travelled widely before settling for a time in Paris as a painter. While recovering from wounds suffered in the service of Austria during World War I, he started to write screenplays; after the war he went to Berlin to work with Erich Pommer, a German film producer.

      His first successful picture as a director was Der müde Tod (1921; Between Worlds). Dr. Mabuse, der Spieler (1922; Dr. Mabuse) studied a criminal mastermind; Die Nibelungen (1924; released in two parts in the United States, Siegfried and Kriemhild's Revenge) was based on the early 13th-century German poem; Metropolis (1926) was an Expressionist vision of the future; and M (1931), his most famous German film, explored the compulsion to murder. Das Testament des Dr. Mabuse (1932; The Last Will of Dr. Mabuse), in which a madman speaks Nazi philosophy, attracted the attention of Joseph Goebbels, the Nazis' chief propagandist, who invited Lang to supervise German films. Lang left for Paris the same evening and later moved to the United States.

      Fury (1936), a study of a lynch mob, is his most praised American film. Others include You Only Live Once (1937), Western Union (1941), Hangmen Also Die (1943), Scarlet Street (1945), Clash by Night (1952), Rancho Notorious (1952), Moonfleet (1955), and Beyond a Reasonable Doubt (1956).

Additional Reading
Lotte H. Eisner, Fritz Lang, trans. from German (1976, reprinted 1986); and Patrick McGilligan, Fritz Lang (1997), discuss his life and body of work. The films he directed between 1936 and 1956 are the focus of Peter Bogdanovich, Fritz Lang in America (1967); and Reynold Humphries, Fritz Lang: Genre and Representation in His American Films (1989; originally published in French, 1982).

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • LANG, FRITZ — (1890–1976), Austrian film director and screenwriter; son of a non Jewish father and a Jewish mother (Pauline Schlesinger) who converted to Catholicism when Lang was 10 years old. Born in Vienna, Lang went to Berlin in 1919 and, after writing… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Lang,Fritz — Lang, Fritz. 1890 1976. Austrian born American filmmaker. He made Metropolis (1927), M (1931), and a number of other expressionist films before fleeing to Hollywood from Nazi Germany. His American films include Fury (1936) and The Ministry of… …   Universalium

  • Lang, Fritz — (1890 1976)    director; deemed the most ingenious filmmaker of the Weimar era. Born in Vienna, he studied architecture at the city s Tech nische Hochschule. But an interest in art led him to the Kunstakademie and then to Munich s… …   Historical dictionary of Weimar Republik

  • Lang, Fritz — • ЛАНГ (Lang) Фриц (5.12.1890 2.8.1976), нем. режиссёр (ФРГ). Учился в Высш. инж. уч ще, Академии изобразит, иск в и ун те в Вене. В 1910 изучал архитектуру и живопись в Брюсселе, Мюнхене и Париже. В 1916 написал сц. детективного ф. Свадьба в… …   Кино: Энциклопедический словарь

  • Lang, Fritz —    см. Ланг, Фриц …   Режиссерская энциклопедия. Кино США

  • Lang, Fritz — (1890 1976)    Austrian film director. He initially was a painter in Paris, but returned to Austria at the outbreak of World War I. In 1919 he began directing and produced a number of films. He was offered the directorship of the film industry of …   Dictionary of Jewish Biography

  • Lang, Fritz — ► (1890 1976) Realizador cinematográfico alemán, de tendencia expresionista. Dirigió: Metrópolis (1926) y El testamento del doctor Mabuse (1933), entre otras. * * * (5 dic. 1890, Viena, Austria Hungría–2 ago. 1976, Los Ángeles, Cal., EE.UU.).… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Lang Fritz — Ланг Фриц (1890 1976) кинорежиссёр, по профессии художник, стоял у истоков немого ( Доктор Мабузе , Нибелунги ) и звукового ( Индийская гробница ) кино. Один из немногих представителей экспрессионизма в кино, образцом которого является фильм… …   Австрия. Лингвострановедческий словарь

  • Lang, Fritz —    см. Ланг, Фриц …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • Fritz Lang — Nombre real Fritz Anton Christian Lang Nacimiento 5 de diciembre de 1890 Viena,  Imperio austrohúngaro …   Wikipedia Español


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