Kristeva, Julia


Kristeva, Julia
born June 24, 1941, Sliven, Bulg.

Bulgarian-born French psychoanalyst, critic, and educator.

Professor of linguistics at the University of Paris VII, she is known for her writings in structuralist linguistics (see structuralism), psychoanalysis, semiotics, and feminism. She was a protégé of Roland Barthes, and she synthesized elements from such thinkers as Jacques Lacan, Michel Foucault, and Mikhail Bakhtin in creating her own theories. Her novels include The Samurai (1990) and The Old Man and the Wolves (1991).

* * *

▪ French author
born June 24, 1941, Sliven, Bulg.

      Bulgarian-born French psychoanalyst, critic, and educator best known for her writings in structuralist linguistics, psychoanalysis, semiotics, and feminism.

      Kristeva received a degree in linguistics from the University of Sofia in 1966 and later that year immigrated to France, where, as a doctoral fellow, she was research assistant to the structuralist and Marxist critic Lucien Goldmann. She soon became a member of the group of intellectuals associated with the journal Tel Quel. The critic Roland Barthes (Barthes, Roland) became her mentor. Her articles soon appeared in scholarly journals and in Maoist publications. Kristeva received her doctorate in linguistics in 1973 from the School of Higher Education in Social Sciences in Paris. Her doctoral dissertation, La Révolution du langage poétique (1974; partial translation, Revolution in Poetic Language), was hailed for its application of psychoanalytic theory to language and literature. Kristeva held the professorial chair in linguistics at the University of Paris VII.

      To Barthes, Kristeva was ever “l'étrangère,” “the stranger,” who “destroyed the latest preconception” and whose political and psychological theories were frequently revisionist. Kristeva's theories synthesized elements from such dissimilar thinkers as Jacques Lacan (Lacan, Jacques), Michel Foucault (Foucault, Michel), and Mikhail Bakhtin (Bakhtin, Mikhail). Two distinct trends characterize her writings: an early structuralist-semiotic phase and a psychoanalytic-feminist phase. Her works include Sēmeiōtikē: recherches pour une sémanalyse (1969) and Polylogue (1977), which were in part translated as Desire in Language: A Semiotic Approach to Literature and Art (1980). Her other writings include Des Chinoises (1974; About Chinese Women), Au commencement était l'amour: psychanalyse et foi (1985; In the Beginning Was Love: Psychoanalysis and Faith), Soleil noir: dépression et mélancolie (1987; Black Sun: Depression and Melancholia), and Étrangers à nous-mêmes (1988; Strangers to Ourselves). Her novels, which are semiautobiographical, include Les Samouraïs (1990; The Samurai), about the student riots of the late 1960s, and Le Vieil Homme et les loups (1991; The Old Man and the Wolves). The Kristeva Reader, edited by Toril Moi, was published in 1986 and The Portable Kristeva in 1997.

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kristeva, Julia — (1941– ) French feminist . Born in Bulgaria, Kristeva came to Paris in 1965 and became a leading member of the Tel Quel group of activist left wing theorists. Since 1974 she has worked as professor of linguistics at the university of Paris, and… …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Kristeva,Julia — Kri·ste·va (krĭ stāʹvə), Julia. Born 1941. Bulgarian born French linguist, psychoanalyst, and writer who applies Freudian and feminist ideas to literature in works such as Language: The Unknown and Desire in Language, both published in 1969. * *… …   Universalium

  • Kristeva, Julia — See Feminist philosophy ( …   History of philosophy

  • Kristeva, Julia — (n. 24 jun. 1941, Sliven, Bulgaria). Psicoanalista, crítica y educadora francesa nacida en Bulgaria. Profesora de lingüística en la Universidad de París VII, es conocida por sus escritos sobre lingüística estructuralista (ver estructuralismo),… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kristeva — Kristeva, Julia …   Philosophy dictionary

  • Julia Kristewa — Julia Kristeva (bulgarisch Юлия Кръстева; * 24. Juni 1941 in Sliwen, Bulgarien) ist Literaturtheoretikerin, Psychoanalytikerin, Schriftstellerin und Philosophin. Julia Kristeva, 2008 Bereits seit 1965 lebt und arbeitet Kristeva in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kristeva — Julia Kristeva (bulgarisch Юлия Кръстева; * 24. Juni 1941 in Sliwen, Bulgarien) ist Literaturtheoretikerin, Psychoanalytikerin, Schriftstellerin und Philosophin. Julia Kristeva, 2008 Bereits seit 1965 lebt und arbeitet Kristeva in …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Julia Kristeva — en 2008 …   Wikipedia Español

  • KRISTEVA (J.) — KRISTEVA JULIA (1941 ) Née en Bulgarie en 1941, agrégée de lettres modernes de l’institut de littérature de l’Académie des sciences (Sofia), Julia Kristeva travaille en France depuis 1966. Après un doctorat de 3e cycle, elle est attachée de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Kristeva — Kristevạ,   Julia, französische Literaturtheoretikerin und Essayistin bulgarischer Herkunft, * Sofia 24. 6. 1941; lebt seit 1966 in Paris, eine der führenden Vertreterinnen der Gruppe Tel Quel, auch feministische Theoretikerin. In ihren Studien… …   Universal-Lexikon


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.