- Kingsley, Charles
died Jan. 23, 1875, Eversley, HampshireEnglish clergyman and novelist.After studies at Cambridge, he became a parish priest and later chaplain to Queen Victoria, professor of modern history at Cambridge, and canon of Westminster. An enthusiastic advocate of Christian socialism, he published several novels about social problems before writing the very successful historical novels Hypatia (1853), Westward Ho! (1855), and Hereward the Wake (1866). Fearing the Anglican church's trend in the direction of Catholicism, he engaged in a famous controversy with John Henry Newman. His wholehearted acceptance of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution inspired his popular children's book The Water-Babies (1863).
* * *▪ British clergyman and writerborn June 12, 1819, Holne Vicarage, Devon, Eng.died Jan. 23, 1875, Eversley, HampshireAnglican clergyman and writer whose successful fiction ranged from social-problem novels to historical romances and children's literature.The son of a clergyman, he grew up in Devon, where he developed an interest in nature study and geology. After graduating from Magdalene College, Cambridge, he was ordained in 1842 as curate of Eversley and two years later became parish priest there. Much influenced by the theologian Frederick Denison Maurice (Maurice, Frederick Denison), he became in 1848 a founding member of the Christian Socialist movement (Christian Socialism), which sought to correct the evils of industrialism through measures based on Christian ethics. His first novel, Yeast (printed in Fraser's Magazine, 1848; in book form, 1851), deals with the relations of the landed gentry to the rural poor. His second, the much superior Alton Locke (1850), is the story of a tailor-poet who rebels against the ignominy of sweated labour and becomes a leader of the Chartist movement. Kingsley advocated adult education, improved sanitation, and the growth of the cooperative movement, rather than political change, for the amelioration of social problems. The strenuous tone of his Broad Church Protestantism is often described as “muscular Christianity.” His novels, similarly, are often attributed to the “muscular” school of fiction.Kingsley soon turned to writing popular historical novels. Hypatia (1853) is a luridly erotic story set in early Christian Egypt. Westward Ho! (1855) is an imperialist and anti-Roman Catholic adventure set in the Elizabethan period, and Hereward the Wake (1866) is about Anglo-Saxon England and the Norman Conquest, also with an anti-Catholic slant. Kingsley's fear of the trend within the church toward Roman Catholicism, growing out of the Oxford Movement, led to a notorious controversy with John Henry (later Cardinal) Newman (Newman, John Henry). In answer to an attack by Kingsley, Newman wrote his Apologia pro Vita Sua (1864), the history of his religious development.The didactic children's fantasy The Water-Babies (1863) combines Kingsley's concern for sanitary reform with his interest in natural history and the theory of evolution. He was also a very competent poet who wrote some memorable ballads ( "Airly Beacon," "The Sands of Dee," "Young and Old" ). Kingsley became chaplain to Queen Victoria (1859), professor of modern history at Cambridge (1860–69), and canon of Westminster (1873). His brother Henry Kingsley (Kingsley, Henry) was a novelist, and his niece Mary Henrietta Kingsley (Kingsley, Mary Henrietta) was a travel writer and adventurer.Additional ReadingRobert Bernard Martin, The Dust of Combat: A Life of Charles Kingsley (1959); Susan Chitty, The Beast and the Monk: A Life of Charles Kingsley (1974); Brenda Colloms, Charles Kingsley (1975).
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Kingsley, Charles — (1819–75) Philanthropist and Novelist. Kingsley was born in Devon, England, and was educated at the Universities of London and Cambridge. For most of his life he served a country parish in Hampshire, but for a time he was Professor of… … Who’s Who in Christianity
Kingsley, Charles — ► (1819 75) Escritor y pastor protestante británico. Autor de Alton Locke (1850) y Fermento (1853). * * * (12 jun. 1819, Holne Vicarage, Devon, Inglaterra–23 ene. 1875, Eversley, Hampshire). Clérigo y novelista inglés. Después de estudiar en… … Enciclopedia Universal
Kingsley, Charles — (1819 1875) Son of a clergyman, he was born at Holne Vicarage, Devonshire. Educated at King s College, London, he graduated in classics from Magdalene College, Cambridge, in 1842. In the same year he was ordained as curate of Eversley on the… … British and Irish poets
KINGSLEY, CHARLES — canon of Westminster and chaplain to the Queen, born at Holne Vicarage, near Dartmoor; studied at Cambridge; became rector of Eversley, in Hampshire, in 1844; was the author in 1848 of a drama, entitled The Saint s Tragedy, with St. Elizabeth… … The Nuttall Encyclopaedia
Kingsley,Charles — Kings·ley (kĭngzʹlē), Charles. 1819 1875. British cleric and writer whose works include novels of social criticism, notably Alton Locke (1850), historical romances, such as Westward Ho! (1855), and a fairy tale, The Water Babies (1863). * * * … Universalium
KINGSLEY, Charles — (1819 1875) English ANGLICAN theologian, social reformer and novelist who helped promote CHRISTIAN SOCIALISM … Concise dictionary of Religion
Kingsley, Charles — (1819 1875) Novelist and historian, s. of a clergyman, was b. at Holne Vicarage near Dartmoor, but passed most of his childhood at Barnack in the Fen country, and Clovelly in Devonshire, ed. at King s Coll., London, and Camb. Intended for the… … Short biographical dictionary of English literature
Kingsley Charles Dunham — Sir Kingsley Charles Dunham (* 2. Januar 1910 in Sturminster Newton, Dorset; † 5. April 2001 in Durham) war einer der führenden britischen Geologen und Mineralogen des 20. Jahrhunderts. Er war von 1950 bis 1971 Professor der Geologie an der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Kingsley Charles Dunham — Sir Kingsley Charles Dunham (1910 2001) est un géologue et minéralogiste britannique. Dunham naît à Sturminster dans le Dorset d où sa famille déménage pendant sa jeunesse pour Durham. Il fait ses études secondaires au Durham Johnston… … Wikipédia en Français
Kingsley Charles Dunham — Sir Kingsley Charles Dunham (1910 2001) was one of the leading British geologists and mineralogists of the 20th century. He was a Professor of Geology at the University of Durham from 1950 71. He was later Professor Emeritus from 1967 2001. He… … Wikipedia