Kido Takayoshi


Kido Takayoshi
or Kido Kōin

born Aug. 11, 1833, Chōshū, Nagato province, Japan
died May 26, 1877, Tokyo

With Saigō Takamori and Ōkubo Toshimichi, one of the three giants of the Meiji Restoration of 1868.

He became head of the government of the han (domain) of Chōshū and in that capacity plotted with Saigō and Ōkubo of Satsuma to overthrow the Tokugawa shogunate. In the new government, Kido was responsible for transferring the capital from Kyōto to Edo (renamed Tokyo) and for persuading the heads of the large han to return their domains to the emperor. He visited Europe in 1871 and on returning helped block a plan to invade Korea. In the late 1870s he worked for establishing a Western-style constitution.

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▪ Japanese statesman
also called  Kido Kōin,  original name  Katsura Kogorō  
born Aug. 11, 1833, Chōshū, Nagato province, Japan
died May 26, 1877, Tokyo

      one of the heroes of the Meiji Restoration, the overthrow of the 264-year rule by the Tokugawa family and return of power to the Japanese emperor. After the imperial restoration of 1868, Kido became one of the most effective officials in the new government.

      Born into an influential warrior family, Kido early became active in the politics of his han, or fief, of Chōshū. As a student of Yoshida Shōin, he was close to the group of Chōshū leaders who were to lead the movement for the overthrow of the Tokugawa. The radical elements in Kido's han began to rise in power, and, in 1862, Kido became one of Chōshū's leading officials.

      Alarmed by the growing power of the radicals there, the Tokugawa led a punitive expedition against Chōshū in 1865. Kido was ousted from his position, and a conservative government was installed. But the radicals had formed their own military forces, and, after the Tokugawa army withdrew, they again seized command and successfully repulsed a second Tokugawa expedition. As head of the Chōshū government, Kido began to negotiate with radical samurai from Satsuma. Kido, along with Ōkubo Toshimichi and Saigō Takamori of Satsuma, became known as one of the three giants of the Restoration. Together they headed the coup d'état that eventually toppled the shogun and restored the emperor to power.

      Kido became one of the most powerful men in the new administration. He was one of those responsible for transferring the imperial capital from Kyōto to Edo (renamed Tokyo) and for persuading the heads of the large han to renounce possession of their domains, which were returned to the emperor. The small han then followed suit, and Kido helped devise a scheme to redivide the country into prefectures to be governed by officials appointed by the central administration.

      Kido, who had accompanied other high government figures on a visit to Europe in 1871, returned in time to block a plan to invade Korea. He retired from the administration when his views opposing an expedition against Taiwan in 1874 were overruled. After the recall of Japan's forces, he returned to office and began to work for the establishment of a Western-style constitution, but ill health forced him to assume a less-active role in government.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kido Takayoshi — Takayoshi Kido Kido Takayoshi (木戸孝允, 11 août 1833 26 mai 1877) était un homme politique japonais pendant la fin du shogunat Tokugawa et l ère Meiji. Il a grandement participé à l avènement de la restauration Meiji. Kido est, avec Sâigô Takamori… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KIDO TAKAYOSHI — (1833 1877) Homme d’État japonais. Issu d’une famille d’officiers de Ch 拏sh , Kido Takayoshi fut disciple de Yoshida Sh 拏in. Actif dans le gouvernement seigneurial, il fit partie des réformistes qui contribuèrent à faire évoluer la politique de… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

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  • Kido Takayoshi — also referred as Kido Kōin was a Japanese statesman during the Late Tokugawa shogunate and the Meiji Restoration. He used the alias Niibori Matsusuke (新堀松輔) when he worked against the shogun . Early lifeKido was born in Hagi, in Chōshū Domain… …   Wikipedia

  • Kido Takayoshi — o Kido Koin (11 ago. 1833, Choshu, provincia de Nagato, Japón–26 may. 1877, Tokio). Junto a Saigo Takamori y Okubo Toshimichi, uno de los tres gigantes de la restauración Meiji de 1868. Se convirtió en jefe de Gobierno del han (feudo) de Choshu y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Takayoshi Kido — (木戸 孝允, Kido Takayoshi?, 11 août 1833 26 mai 1877) était un homme politique japonais pendant la fin du shogunat Tokugawa et l ère Meiji. Il a grandement participé à l avènement de la restauration Meiji. Kido est, avec Saigô Takamori et …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kido Kouichi — Kido Kōichi (zwischen 1940 und 1945) Kido Kōichi (jap. 木戸 幸一; * 1889; † 1977) war ein japanischer Politiker und Kriegsverbrecher. Marquis Kido Kōichi wurde 1889 als Sohn des Oberhofmarschalls Kido Takamasa und als Enkel von Kido Takayoshi geboren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kido Kôichi — Kido Kōichi (zwischen 1940 und 1945) Kido Kōichi (jap. 木戸 幸一; * 1889; † 1977) war ein japanischer Politiker und Kriegsverbrecher. Marquis Kido Kōichi wurde 1889 als Sohn des Oberhofmarschalls Kido Takamasa und als Enkel von Kido Takayoshi geboren …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kido Kōichi — (zwischen 1940 und 1945) Kido Kōichi (jap. 木戸 幸一; * 1889; † 1977) war ein japanischer Politiker und Kriegsverbrecher. Marquis Kido Kōichi wurde 1889 als Sohn des Oberhofmarschalls Kido Takamasa und als Enkel von Kido Takayoshi geboren. Nach… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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