Kiarostami, Abbas


Kiarostami, Abbas
born June 22, 1940, Tehrān, Iran

Iranian director.

Kiarostami was hired in 1969 by the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults to establish its film division. The institute produced his first film as a director, the lyrical short The Bread and Alley (1970), which featured elements that define his work
improvised performances, documentary textures, and real-life rhythms. His first feature, Mosafer (1974), is a portrait of a troubled adolescent. Where Is the Friend's Home? (1987) gained him international acclaim, and he followed with several masterful films, including Close-up (1990), Through the Olive Trees (1994), The Taste of Cherry (1997), and The Wind Will Carry Us (1999). In the 1980s Kiarostami created documentaries examining the lives of Iranian schoolchildren, and his film ABC Africa (2001) examined the blight of orphans in AIDS-ravaged Africa.

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▪ 1997

      When Badkonake sefid (1995; "The White Balloon"), a deceptively simple look at life in Tehran through the eyes of a seven-year-old girl, won the Camera d'Or for best first film at the 1995 Cannes International Film Festival (the first Iranian film to be so honoured), distributors from around the world hurried to buy it. Critical acclaim, coupled with the attendant publicity as the film opened internationally, brought the name of its screenwriter, Abbas Kiarostami, to prominence in 1996. Kiarostami, a director-writer-producer-editor active in the Iranian film industry since 1969, had long been recognized by cineasts as one of the world's great filmmakers. Known for experimenting with the boundaries between reality and fiction, and for creating a unique brand of neorealist cinematic humanism, Kiarostami had directed 9 features and 16 short films to date and won awards for them at a multitude of international film festivals.

      Kiarostami was born in Tehran in 1940 and studied painting and graphic arts at the University of Tehran. After a period spent designing posters, illustrating children's books, and directing advertisements and film credit sequences, he was hired in 1969 by the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults to establish its film division. The institute produced his first film as a director, the lyrical short Nan va kucheh (1970; "Bread and Alley"). It featured elements that would define his later work: improvised performances, documentary textures, real-life rhythms, and social-realist subject matter—all fashioned with an artist's eye. His first feature, Mosafer (1974; "The Traveller"), about a rebellious village boy determined to go to Tehran and watch a soccer match, is an indelible portrait of a troubled adolescent. Kiarostami's documentaries Avaliha (1985; "First Graders") and Mashq-e shab (1989; "Homework") offer fascinating insights into the problems faced by Iranian schoolchildren.

      Kiarostami's favourite film was Namay-e nazdik (1990; "Close-Up"), a complex re-creation of the bizarre circumstances surrounding the case of a frustrated film buff who swindles a Tehran family while impersonating Iranian director Mohsen Makhmalbaf. A documentary, it explores the subjective nature of filmed truth and the overlap between film and reality. Kiarostami further expanded the boundaries between documentary and fiction in a loose trilogy: Khaneh-ye dust kojast? (1987; "Where Is the Friend's Home?"), Va zendegi edameh darad (1992; "And Life Goes On. . . ,") and Zir-e darakhtan-e zeyton (1994; "Through the Olive Trees"). In 1996 he was completing a new feature about a middle-aged intellectual who had lost his will to live.

      (ALISSA SIMON)

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▪ Iranian filmmaker
born June 22, 1940, Tehran, Iran

      Iranian director-writer known for experimenting with the boundaries between reality and fiction.

      Kiarostami was hired in 1969 by the Institute for the Intellectual Development of Children and Young Adults to establish its film division. The institute produced his first film as a director, the lyrical short Nan va kucheh (1970; “Bread and Alley”), which featured elements that would define his later work: improvised performances, documentary textures, and real-life rhythms. His first feature, Mosafer (1974; “The Traveler”), is an indelible portrait of a troubled adolescent. In the 1980s Kiarostami created the documentaries Avaliha (1985; “First Graders”) and Mashq-e shab (1989; “Homework”), both of which offered insight into the lives of Iranian schoolchildren.

      Kiarostami explored the overlap between films and reality through the 1990s in films such as Namay-e nazdik (1990; “Close-Up”), which tells the story of a film buff who swindles a Tehran family. His film Badkonake sefid (1995; “The White Balloon”), a look at life through the eyes of a seven-year-old girl, garnered him international acclaim.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kiarostami, Abbas — (n. 22 jun. 1940, Teherán, Irán). Director de cine iraní. En 1969 comenzó a trabajar en el Instituto para el desarrollo intelectual de niños y adolescentes, con la finalidad de crear un departamento de cine. El instituto produjo la primera de… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Abbas Kiarostami — (persisch ‏‏عباس كيارستمى‎‎‎; * 22. Juni 1940 in Teheran) ist ein iranischer Drehbuchautor, Filmregisseur und Lyriker. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten und bekanntesten Regisseure des iranischen Filmes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kiarostami — Abbas Kiarostami Abbas Kiarostami (persisch ‏عباس كيارستمي‎‎; * 22. Juni 1940 in Teheran) ist ein iranischer Drehbuchautor, Filmregisseur und Lyriker. Er gilt als einer der bedeutendsten und bekanntesten Regisseure des iranischen Filmes …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas Kiarostami — Nombre real Abbas Kiarostami عباس کیارستمی Nacimiento 22 de junio de 1940 (71 años) …   Wikipedia Español

  • KIAROSTAMI (A.) — KIAROSTAMI ABBAS (1944 ) Découvert en France en 1988, Abbas Kiarostami est le plus important des cinéastes du nouveau cinéma iranien des années 1980 et le seul, à ce jour, à avoir acquis un statut d’auteur reconnu hors d’Iran. Né à Téhéran, très… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Abbas I. — Abbas ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Abbas (* 1944), iranisch französischer Fotojournalist Abbas I. (1813–1854), Vizekönig von Ägypten, genannt „Hilmi“ Abbas I. (1571–1629), persischer Herrscher, genannt „der Große“ Abbas II. (1633–1667),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas II. — Abbas ist der Vorname folgender Personen: Abbas (* 1944), iranisch französischer Fotojournalist Abbas I. (1813–1854), Vizekönig von Ägypten, genannt „Hilmi“ Abbas I. (1571–1629), persischer Herrscher, genannt „der Große“ Abbas II. (1633–1667),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Abbas — Abbas, Mahmud, llamado Abu Mazen ► Nombre de tres reyes de Persia: el I, llamado el Grande (1587 1629), transformó su país en una primera potencia. El II (1642 67) protegió las artes, y el III (1731 36) fue asesinado por el usurpador de Nadir… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kiarostami — Kiarostami,   Abbas, iranischer Filmregisseur, * Teheran 22. 6. 1940; arbeitete in einer Werbeagentur; dreht seit 1970 Spielfilme; als internationaler bedeutender Regisseur etablierte sich Kiarostami mit einer 1987 94 entstandenen Trilogie: »Wo… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Abbas Kiarostami — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Kiarostami. Abbas Kiarostami عباس کیارستمی …   Wikipédia en Français


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