Kegon


Kegon
Buddhist philosophy introduced into Japan from China in the 8th century.

The name Kegon (meaning "flower ornament") is a translation of the Sanskrit avatamsaka, after the school's chief text, the Avatamsaka-sutra, which deals with the buddha Vairocana. The school was founded in China as Huayan in the late 6th century and reached Japan с 740. Kegon taught that all living things are interdependent and that the universe is self-creating, with Vairocana at its centre. Though the Kegon school is no longer an active faith teaching a separate doctrine, it continues to administer the famous Tōdai Temple monastery at Nara.

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▪ Buddhist sect
(Japanese: “Flower Ornament”),Chinese  Hua-yen,  

      Buddhist philosophical tradition introduced into Japan from China during the Nara period (710–784). Although the Kegon school can no longer be considered an active faith teaching a separate doctrine, it continues to administer the famous Tōdai Temple monastery at Nara.

      The name Kegon is a translation of the Sanskrit avataṃsaka (“garland,” or “wreath”), after the school's chief text, the Avataṃsaka-sūtra. This text, preserved in both Tibetan and Chinese versions, deals with the buddha Vairocana (Japanese: Birushana, or Roshana). The Kegon school held as its ideal the recognition of a harmonious whole of all beings, all interrelated and interdependent, with the buddha Vairocana at the centre, permeating everything. It believed that no element has a separate and independent existence apart from the whole but rather that each reflects all the others. According to it, the universe is self-creating.

      The school was founded in China in the late 6th–7th century by Fa-shun (also called Tu-shun) and further systematized in the 7th–8th century by Fa-tsang. It continued in China until the 10th century, after which it began to decline. The doctrine first reached Japan about 740, carried by two of Fa-tsang's pupils, Chen-hsiang (Japanese: Shinshō) and Tao-hsüan (Japanese: Dōsen), and by a southern Indian, Bodhisena.

      The totalistic principle of the Kegon school caught the attention of the reigning Japanese emperor, Shōmu, who considered it a possible approach to governing his people. Shōmu is credited with founding the great monastery of Tōdai Temple, an honour shared by the Indian priest Bodhisena, the Japanese saint Gyōki (Gyōgi), and the abbot of the monastery, Rōben. In 752 the emperor Shōmu dedicated the Daibutsu, the colossal bronze image of Vairocana at Tōdai Temple, and many of the ritual objects used in the consecration ceremony are still preserved in the monastery treasury, the Shōsō-in.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kegon — Die Kegon shū (jap. 華厳宗; dt. etwa „Schule der Buddha verherrlichenden Blumenpracht“) ist eine Schule des Buddhismus in Japan. Sie entstand als japanisches Pendant zur chinesischen Huayan zong. Wie für diese gilt als Grundtext der Kegon shū das… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kegon — Pour les chutes dans le parc national de Nikkō, dans la préfecture de Tochigi au Japon, voir Chutes de Kegon. Tōdai ji, Nara …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kegon — For the Japanese waterfall, see Kegon Falls. Kegon (華厳) ( [kegõɴ] , or in some dialects, [keŋõɴ] ) is the name of the Japanese transmission of the Huayan school of Chinese Buddhism. This transmission occurred through the Korean Hwaeom… …   Wikipedia

  • Kegon — Para de la cascada en el Parque Nacional Nikkō en la Prefectura de Tochigi, en Japón, véase Cascada Kegon. Kegon (華厳) ([kegõɴ] o en algunos dialectos [keŋõɴ]), es el nombre de una filosofía budista introducida a Japón desde China en el siglo VIII …   Wikipedia Español

  • kegon — ke·gon …   English syllables

  • kegon — ˈkäˌgän, gȯn noun Usage: usually capitalized Etymology: Japanese, from ke lotus + gon glory : a sect of Japanese Buddhism originating in the 8th century and teaching the unreality of phenomenal antitheses and the ultimate unity of all reality in …   Useful english dictionary

  • Kegon-Fälle — Kegon Fälle, Nikkō Nationalpark, Präfektur Tochigi, Japan …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kegon-Shû — Kegon {{Chutes de Kegon, chute dans le parc national de Nikkō, a la préfecture de Tochigi au Japon}} Tōdai ji, Nara …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kegon-shu — Kegon {{Chutes de Kegon, chute dans le parc national de Nikkō, a la préfecture de Tochigi au Japon}} Tōdai ji, Nara …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kegon-shû — Kegon {{Chutes de Kegon, chute dans le parc national de Nikkō, a la préfecture de Tochigi au Japon}} Tōdai ji, Nara …   Wikipédia en Français


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