Kearny, Stephen Watts


Kearny, Stephen Watts
born Aug. 30, 1794, Newark, N.J., U.S.
died Oct. 31, 1848, St. Louis, Mo.

U.S. Army officer.

He served in the War of 1812 and later on the western frontier. At the outbreak of the Mexican War, he was ordered to seize New Mexico and California. Using diplomacy to persuade Mexican troops to withdraw, he marched unopposed to Santa Fe, where in 1846 he proclaimed a civil government for the province. Heading to California, he was informed that the conquest had already been completed by Robert F. Stockton and John C. Frémont. He arrived to discover that Mexican rebels had retaken most of the province. He then joined forces with Stockton to defeat the rebels in 1847. After initial opposition from Frémont, who had persuaded Stockton to appoint him governor, Kearny pacified the rest of California and established a stable civil government. He was then sent to Mexico, where he died of yellow fever.

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▪ United States military officer

born Aug. 30, 1794, Newark, N.J., U.S.
died Oct. 31, 1848, St. Louis, Mo.
 U.S. Army officer who conquered New Mexico and helped win California during the Mexican War (Mexican-American War) (1846–48).

      After serving in the War of 1812, Kearny spent most of the next 30 years on frontier duty. At the beginning of the Mexican War, he was ordered to lead an expedition from Fort Leavenworth, Kan., to seize New Mexico and California for the United States. Lacking seasoned troops, he used diplomacy rather than arms to defeat the 3,000 Mexicans lying in wait en route to Santa Fe. Persuading them to withdraw, he marched unopposed into Santa Fe on Aug. 18, 1846. He promptly proclaimed a civil government for the entire province and won popular support by his promise of a democratic administration.

      Heading toward California, Kearny was informed that the conquest had already been completed by Commodore Robert F. Stockton and Lieutenant Colonel John C. Frémont (Frémont, John C). With a force reduced to only 120 dragoons, Kearny arrived in early December to discover that rebellious Mexican-Californians had retaken most of the province. Stockton had proclaimed himself governor of California and refused to accept Kearny's authority. Because he wished to preserve harmony and because Stockton's men constituted the bulk of available U.S. forces, Kearny accepted the situation and led the combined army-navy command to Los Angeles, defeating the Mexicans at San Gabriel (Jan. 8, 1847) and the Mesa (January 9), thus ending the resistance.

      Kearny's position was complicated by the insubordination of Frémont, who had persuaded Stockton to appoint him governor. The arrival of reinforcements enabled Kearny to finally impose his will on Frémont without bloodshed. At the same time, he pacified California, establishing a stable and efficient civil government. He then returned to Fort Leavenworth (August 22) accompanied by a reluctant Frémont, whom he arrested and sent to Washington, D.C., for court-martial.

      Kearny was next ordered to Mexico, where he served as military commander at Veracruz and later at Mexico City until an attack of yellow fever ended his career.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Kearny, Stephen Watts — (30 ago. 1794, Newark, N.J., EE.UU.–31 oct. 1848, St. Louis, Mo.). Oficial de ejército estadounidense. Prestó servicios en la guerra anglo estadounidense y más adelante en la frontera del oeste. Al iniciarse la guerra mexicano estadounidense,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Stephen Watts Kearny — (* 30. August 1794 in Newark, New Jersey; † 31. Oktober 1848 in St. Louis) war ein US amerikanischer Offizier dessen Name hauptsächlich mit militärischen Aktionen im Südwesten der USA und im Zusammenhang mit der Eroberung von Kalifornien in… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Stephen W. Kearny — Stephen Watts Kearny Stephen Watts Kearny (* 30. August 1794 in Newark, New Jersey; † 31. Oktober 1848 in St. Louis) war ein US amerikanischer Offizier, dessen Name hauptsächlich mit militärischen Aktionen im Südwesten der USA und im Zusammenhang …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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