- Kanō school
Japanese painting style of the 15th–19th centuries.It was practiced by a family of artists that served the Ashikaga shoguns of the Muromachi period and also Oda Nobunaga, Toyotomi Hideyoshi, and the shoguns of the Tokugawa period. Bold, large-scale designs were executed on the folding screens and sliding panels that acted as space dividers in the castles of the day. Chinese-style ink painting was blended with polychromatic Yamato-e ("Japanese painting"); some artists used a background of gold leaf for even more striking effects.
* * *▪ Japanese artfamily of artists who painted in a style developed in Japan in the 15th–19th century. For seven generations, more than 200 years, the leading Japanese artists came from this family, and the official style remained in their hands for another century or more. Throughout their history the family served military masters, and the lofty and moral symbolism of the Kanō tradition was at the same time the political ideal.The school arose at a time when Chinese cultural ideals were dominant, but by this time there had been a long history of ink painting in Japan. The Kanō style, Chinese though it appears in subject matter and ink technique, was actually thoroughly Japanese in its form of expression. Gradually the depth of a picture was worked into two planes, and later into a single plane of pictorial interest. The boldness of the brushwork is especially characteristic, and the sharpness of outline differed noticeably from that of the Chinese Sung models. Surface values and flat decorative treatment were emphasized on screens and sliding panels.The first Kanō was an amateur artist of the samurai class named Kagenobu. His son Masanobu (1434–1530) became the accepted first generation, but it was Motonobu (1476–1559), his son, who crystallized the Kanō style. Eitoku (1543–90) created the style of the Azuchi-Momoyama period, lasting from 1574 to 1600, while Tanyū (1602–74) established the academic standards that pertained under the Tokugawa rulers (1603–1868).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Kanō school — The nihongo|Kanō school|狩野派|Kanō ha is one of the most famous schools of Japanese painting. It was founded by Kanō Masanobu (1434–1530), a contemporary of Sesshū and student of Shūbun. Some scholars write that though Masanobu mastered elements of … Wikipedia
Kanō Mitsunobu — (狩野光信)(d. 1608) was the son of Kanō Eitoku, and an influential artist of the Kanō school of Japanese painting.Scholars disagree on the year of Mitsunobu s birth, placing it in either 1561 or 1565. The earliest record of his involvement on any… … Wikipedia
Kano (disambiguation) — Kano may refer to: *Kano, city and historic emirate in Nigeria *Emir of Kano, ruler of the Nigerian town *Kano State, state in Northern Nigeria *Kano Chronicle, account of the history of the Hausa people *Kano baseball team, a defunct baseball… … Wikipedia
Kanō Masanobu — (狩野正信; 1434? ndash; August 21530?, Kyoto) was the chief painter of the Ashikaga shogunate and is generally considered the founder of the Kanō school of painting.The Kanō school was a style of painting that maintained dominance over 400 years from … Wikipedia
Kanō Eitoku — (狩野 永徳 February 16, 1543 October 12, 1590) was a Japanese painter who lived during the Azuchi Momoyama period of Japanese history and one of the most prominent patriarchs of the Kanō school of Japanese paintingBorn in Kyoto, Eitoku was the… … Wikipedia
Kanō Hōgai — (狩野芳崖)(1828 1888) was a 19th century Japanese painter of the Kano school. One of the last of the Kanō painters, Hōgai s works reflect the deep traditions of the school, but also at times show hints of experimentation with Western methods and… … Wikipedia
Kanō Shōsenin — Kanō Shōsen in (狩野勝川院)(1823 1880) was a Japanese painter of the Kanō school. He was also known as Kanō Masanobu and Kamp Shōsen, and took the gō (art names) Soshōsei and Shōko.Shōsen in studied in a studio in the Kobikichō section of Edo, under… … Wikipedia
Kanō Naizen — (狩野内膳) (1570 1616) was a Japanese painter of the Kanō school, particularly known for his screen paintings ( byōbu ) of Namban (Southern Barbarians, i.e. Europeans).One of his more famous works, Festivals of Toyokuni (豊国の祭り), was one of these such … Wikipedia
Kanō Tanshin — (Morimasa) 狩野探信 (1653 1718) was a Japanese painter. He was the son of Kanō Tanyū by his second wife, and led the Kajibashi branch of the Kanō school after 1674. References * [http://www.thebritishmuseum.ac.uk/explore/highlights/highlight… … Wikipedia
Kanō Motonobu — White robed Kannon, Bodhisattva of Compassion In this Japanese name, the family name is Kanō . Kanō Motonobu (狩野 元信; August 28, 1476 – November 5, 1559) was a Japanese painter. He was a member of the Kanō school of painting. Kano Motonobu s… … Wikipedia