Justinian, Code of


Justinian, Code of
Collections of laws and legal interpretations developed under the sponsorship of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I from 529 to 565.

Strictly speaking, they did not constitute a new legal code. Rather, Justinian's committees of jurists provided basically two reference works that contained collections of past laws and extracts of the opinions of the great Roman jurists. Also included were an elementary outline of the law and a collection of Justinian's new laws.

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law
Latin  Codex Justinianeus , formally  Corpus Juris Civilis (“Body of Civil Law”) 
 the collections of laws and legal interpretations developed under the sponsorship of the Byzantine emperor Justinian I from AD 529 to 565. Strictly speaking, the works did not constitute a new legal code. Rather, Justinian's committees of jurists provided basically two reference works containing collections of past laws and extracts of the opinions of the great Roman jurists. Also included were an elementary outline of the law and a collection of Justinian's own new laws.

      The Justinian code consists of four books: (1) Codex Constitutionum, (2) Digesta, or Pandectae, (3) Institutiones, and (4) Novellae Constitutiones Post Codicem.

      Work on the Codex Constitutionum began soon after Justinian's accession in 527, when he appointed a 10-man commission to go through all the known ordinances, or “constitutions,” issued by the emperors, weed out the contradictory and obsolescent material, and adapt all provisions to the circumstances of that time. The resultant 10-book Codex Constitutionum was promulgated in 529, all imperial ordinances not included in it being repealed. In 534 a new commission issued a revised Codex (Codex Repetitae Praelectionis) containing 12 books; the revisions were based partly on Justinian's own new legislation.

      The Digesta (Pandects) was drawn up between 530 and 533 by a commission of 16 lawyers, under the presidency of the jurist Tribonian. They collected and examined all the known writings of all the authorized jurists; extracted from them whatever was deemed valuable, generally selecting only one extract on any given legal point; and rephrased the originals whenever necessary for clarity and conciseness. The results were published in 50 books, each book subdivided into titles. All juridical statements not selected for the Digesta were declared invalid and were thenceforth never to be cited at law.

      The Institutiones, compiled and published in 533 under Tribonian's supervision and relying on such earlier texts as those of Gaius, was an elementary textbook, or outline, of legal institutions for the use of first-year law students.

      The Novellae Constitutiones Post Codicem (or simply, in English, the Novels) comprised several collections of new ordinances issued by Justinian himself between 534 and 565, after publication of the revised Codex.

      Latin was the language of all the works except the Novels, which were almost all published in Greek, though official Latin translations existed for the western Roman provinces.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Justinian code — noun the legal code of ancient Rome; codified under Justinian; the basis for many modern systems of civil law • Syn: ↑Roman law, ↑civil law, ↑jus civile • Members of this Topic: ↑addiction, ↑novate, ↑stipulate …   Useful english dictionary

  • Justinian Code — the body of Roman law that was codified and promulgated under Justinian I. * * * …   Universalium

  • Justinian Code — codification of Roman law that served as a basis for law in Europe …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Justinian Code — Same as Corpus Juris Civilis …   Ballentine's law dictionary

  • Code of Justinian — Code of Justinian, = Justinian Code. (Cf. ↑Justinian Code) …   Useful english dictionary

  • Justinian I — [jus tin′ē ən] (L. name Flavius Ancius Justinianus) A.D. 483 565; Byzantine emperor (527 565): known for the codification of Roman law (Justinian code): called the Great …   English World dictionary

  • Justinian I — /ju stin ee euhn/, (Flavius Anicius Justinianus) ( Justinian the Great ) A.D. 483 565, Byzantine emperor 527 565. * * * orig. Petrus Sabbatius born 483, Tauresium, Dardania died Nov. 14, 565, Constantinople Byzantine emperor (527–565). Determined …   Universalium

  • Code (law) — This article is about exhaustive legislations. For municipal regulations, see legal code (municipal). First page of the 1804 original edition of the Napoleonic code A code is a type of legislation that purports to exhaustively cover a complete… …   Wikipedia

  • Justinian I — /dʒʌsˈtɪniən/ (say jus tineeuhn) noun (Flavius Anicius Justinianus, Justinian the Great ), AD 483–565, Byzantine emperor AD 527–565, whose leading jurists formulated a code of laws called the Justinian Code …   Australian English dictionary

  • code — coder, n. codeless, adj. /kohd/, n., v., coded, coding. n. 1. a system for communication by telegraph, heliograph, etc., in which long and short sounds, light flashes, etc., are used to symbolize the content of a message: Morse code. 2. a system… …   Universalium


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