- Juan de Austria
born Feb. 24, 1547, Regensburgdied Oct. 1, 1578, Bouges, near Namur, Spanish NetherlandsAfter Charles's death, Philip gave him the name Don Juan de Austria (1559). He served as a Spanish military commander, and in 1571 he was appointed head of naval forces of the Holy League against the Ottoman Turks, achieving victory in the Battle of Lepanto. In 1576 he was appointed governor-general of the Netherlands, then in open revolt against Spanish authority. When his attempts at diplomacy failed, he resumed the war.
* * *▪ Spanish military officeralso called Don Juan de Austria , English Don John of Austriaborn February 24, 1547, Regensburg [Germany]died October 1, 1578, Bouges, near Namur, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium]illegitimate son of the Holy Roman emperor Charles V and half brother of King Philip II of Spain who, as a Spanish military commander, achieved victory over the Turks in the historic naval Battle of Lepanto (Lepanto, Battle of).Removed from his mother, a burgher's daughter, at an early age, he was brought up in concealment in Spain. After the death of Charles V, Philip II of Spain recognized him as his half brother, provided him with a substantial household, and gave him the name Don Juan de Austria (1559).Although it was hoped that he would enter the church, the handsome and spirited Don Juan expressed a desire to embark on a military career, and Philip acceded to his wishes. In the summer of 1568 Don Juan had his first brief experience in warfare, fighting Moorish pirates in the Mediterranean, and he was then appointed in March 1569 commander in chief of Spanish forces attempting to subdue the rebellious Moriscos, or Christians of Moorish ancestry, in Granada. Philip then appointed him in 1571 to head the naval forces of the Holy League of Spain, Venice, and the pope against the Ottoman Turks in the eastern Mediterranean.By the prestige of his royal name and his enthusiasm, Don Juan was able to impose a temporary unity of purpose on the quarreling admirals of the league and to form the several fleets into an effective fighting unit. In the Battle of Lepanto (October 7, 1571) the allies virtually annihilated the Turkish forces, thereby destroying the myth of Turkish invincibility. The victory of Lepanto also fired Don Juan's personal ambitions for further campaigns against the Turks, but Philip would only allow him to conquer Tunis (1573). The city was, however, reconquered by the Turks the following year.For several years Don Juan continued to chafe under the restraints his prudent brother imposed upon him, but in 1576 he was appointed governor-general of the Netherlands, then in open revolt against Spanish authority. Don Juan was at first reluctant to accept this difficult post and took it only on condition that he would be allowed to invade England and wed Mary Stuart (Mary), the Scottish queen then in captivity in England. In the Netherlands he signed the Perpetual Edict with the rebels (February 1577), by which, in exchange for rebel recognition of Don Juan as governor and restoration of the Roman Catholic religion, Spanish troops were to be removed. The provinces of Holland and Zeeland did not accept the return to Catholicism and refused to recognize Don Juan's authority. Don Juan then assumed the more congenial role of soldier and resumed the war by capturing Namur.Don Juan's last months were marred by the murder of his secretary, Juan de Escobedo, who had aroused Philip's enmity. The monarch's complicity in the crime was strongly suspected. Don Juan felt that he had lost his brother's confidence and was also hampered in his war in the Netherlands by lack of adequate financial and military backing. He was facing an increasingly intolerable position when he died in 1578.
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Juan d'Austrĭa — (spr. chuān, Johann von Österreich), geb. 24. Febr. 1547 in Regensburg, gest. 1. Okt. 1578 im Lager bei Namur, natürlicher Sohn des Kaisers Karl V. und der Barbara Blomberg aus Regensburg, erhielt seine Erziehung in Spanien anfangs von dem… … Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon
Juan de Austria — Para otros usos de este término, véase Juan de Austria (desambiguación). Juan de Austria Gobernador de los Países Bajos españoles … Wikipedia Español
Juan d'Austria — Dieser Artikel behandelt Don Juan de Austria, den unehelichen Sohn Kaiser Karls V. Für den unehelichen Sohn König Philipps IV. siehe Juan José de Austria. Für das Segelschulschiff Don Juan de Austria siehe Esmeralda (Schiff) Don Juan de Austria,… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Juan de Austria — Don Juan de Austria, zeitgenössisches Porträt Don Juan de Austria (Ritter Johann von Österreich; * 24. Februar 1547 in Regensburg; † 1. Oktober 1578 in Bouge, Teil des heutigen Namur) war Befehlshaber der spanischen Flotte und Statthalter der… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Juan de Austria — El Infante Don Juan de Austria (Ratisbona, Alemania, 1545 Namur, Países Bajos, 1578). Hijo extramatrimonial de Carlos I de España y de Doña Bárbara Blomberg, sirvió como militar a su hermano Felipe II de España. Bautizado en realidad como… … Enciclopedia Universal
Juan de Austria-Toscana — Príncipe de Toscana Archiduque de Austria Nombre real … Wikipedia Español
Juan de Austria (desambiguación) — Juan de Austria puede referirse a: Juan de Austria, hijo extramatrimonial de Carlos V (mediados del siglo XVI) Juan José de Austria, hijo extramatrimonial de Felipe IV (segunda mitad del siglo XVII) El bufón llamado don Juan de Austria, personaje … Wikipedia Español
SMS Don Juan d'Austria (1875) — SMS Juan de Austria war eine Panzerfregatte II. Klasse der Österreichischen Marine im 19. Jahrhundert. Das Schiff war benannt nach Juan de Austria (1547 1578), dem Sieger der Seeschlacht von Lepanto 1571. Schwesterschiffe waren die Kaiser Max… … Deutsch Wikipedia
SMS Juan d’Austria (1862) — SMS Juan de Austria war eine Panzerfregatte II. Klasse der Österreichischen Marine im 19. Jahrhundert. Das Schiff war benannt nach Juan de Austria (1547 1578), dem Sieger der Seeschlacht von Lepanto 1571. Schwesterschiffe waren die Kaiser Max… … Deutsch Wikipedia
SMS Juan d’Austria — SMS Juan de Austria war eine Panzerfregatte II. Klasse der Österreichischen Marine im 19. Jahrhundert. Das Schiff war benannt nach Juan de Austria (1547 1578), dem Sieger der Seeschlacht von Lepanto 1571. Schwesterschiffe waren die Kaiser Max… … Deutsch Wikipedia