- Jordaens, Jacob
died Oct. 18, 1678, AntwerpFlemish painter active in Antwerp.He was admitted to the painters' guild in 1615 and by the 1620s had a flourishing studio with many students. After the death of Peter Paul Rubens, to whose Baroque style he was indebted, he became the leading painter in Flanders. His paintings, crowded with robust figures, are noted for strong contrasts of light and shade and an air of sensual vitality bordering on coarseness. He also produced religious paintings and portraits. His most important commissions were two enormous murals for the royal residence called the Huis ten Bosch, near The Hague. His later works tend to be mediocre and were frequently executed by assistants.
* * *▪ Flemish painterbaptized May 20, 1593, Antwerp, Spanish Netherlands [now in Belgium]died Oct. 18, 1678, AntwerpBaroque artist whose boisterous scenes of peasant life and sensuous allegories made him one of the most important painters of 17th-century Flanders.Jordaens studied, like Peter Paul Rubens (Rubens, Peter Paul), under the painter Adam van Noort, and he married his master's daughter in 1616, the year after his admission to the guild of painters. Early in his career Jordaens executed designs for tapestries, and such paintings as Allegory of Fertility (c. 1625) reveal his training as a decorator. He never went to Italy as did other Flemish artists of his time, and his work is essentially Flemish in its exaggerated treatment of form and its crude humour. Jordaens was greatly influenced by his older contemporary Rubens. The colours of Jordaens' paintings are warm and glowing, his figures are robust and incline to corpulence, and their faces are red and healthy. Jordaens' paintings are particularly noted for their strong contrasts of light and shade, their compositions crowded with figures, and an air of sensual vitality that occasionally borders on coarseness. He was a prolific painter and employed many pupils in his studio to reproduce versions of his most popular pictures, such as The King Drinks and The Satyr and Peasant.Jordaens declared himself converted to Calvinism in 1648 but received many commissions for Roman Catholic churches, and after the death of Rubens he was considered the greatest painter in Antwerp. In 1652 he played a major role in the decoration of the Huis ten Bosch (“House in the Woods”), a royal country house near The Hague, with mural paintings representing the Triumph of Frederick Henry of Orange, Stadtholder of Holland and The Victory of Time. These works are masterpieces of architectural decoration, in which the complex allegory is rendered in exuberant colours and vivacious, swirling lines. Jordaens' later works are of uneven quality, showing the increasingly important role assumed by his studio assistants.Additional ReadingR.A. d'Hulst, Jordaens Drawings, 4 vol., trans. from Dutch (1974), and Jacob Jordaens, trans. from Dutch (1982).
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
Jordaens, Jacob — (1593 1678) After the death of Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony van Dyck, Jacob Jordaens became the leading painter of Flanders. But unlike his predecessors, he was never a court painter, instead catering to bourgeois customers. Like Rubens,… … Dictionary of Renaissance art
Jordaens, Jacob — ► (1593 1678) Pintor holandés. Exponente destacado del barroco flamenco. Trabajó a las órdenes de Rubens. Influenciado en principio por este pronto adquirió técnicas e inspiración propias. Abandonó la temática religiosa y la mitología, sin… … Enciclopedia Universal
Jordaens — Jordaens, Jacob … Enciclopedia Universal
Jacob Jordaens — El Rey bebe, Jacob Jordaens. Nacimiento 19 de mayo de 1593 Fallecimiento … Wikipedia Español
Jacob Jordaens — (* 19. Mai 1593 in Antwerpen; † 18. Oktober 1678 in Antwerpen) war ein niederländischer Maler. Ab 1607 lernte Jordaens bei Adam van Noort und heiratete 1616 dessen Tochter. Er blieb zeitlebens in Flandern, nur 1641 arbeitete er kurz in England.… … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jacob — o Ya akov, en hebreo יַעֲקֹב sostenido por el talón o en árabe يعقوب Yaʿqūb, conocido despues como Israel hebreo יִשְׂרָאֵל Principe de Dios , árabe اسرائيل Isrāʾīl) es uno de los patriarcas de la Biblia. Su historia es contada en el libro de… … Enciclopedia Universal
Jordaens — (Jacob) (1593 1678) peintre flamand. Influencé par Rubens, il associa le baroque au réalisme flamand … Encyclopédie Universelle
Jacob Jordaens — Infobox Artist bgcolour = #6495ED name = Jacob Jordaens imagesize = caption = Self Portrait with Parents, Brothers, and Sisters ( c . 1615). Oil on canvas. The Hermitage, St. Petersburg, Russia birthname = Jacob Jordaens birthdate = May 19, 1593… … Wikipedia
Jordaens — „Entführung der Europa“, Jacob Jordaens (um 1615) „Die Familie Jordaens in einem Garten“, Jacob Jordaens (um 1621) … Deutsch Wikipedia
Jacob — /jay keuhb/ for 1, 3; Fr. /zhann kawb / for 2, n. 1. the second son of Isaac, the twin brother of Esau, and father of the 12 patriarchs. Gen. 25:24 34. 2. François /frddahonn swann /, born 1920, French geneticist: Nobel prize for medicine 1965. 3 … Universalium