Jooss, Kurt


Jooss, Kurt
born Jan. 12, 1901, Wasseralfingen, Ger.
died May 22, 1979, Heilbronn, W.Ger.

German dancer, teacher, and choreographer.

After studying dance with Rudolf Laban (1920–24), he established a school and company. He became ballet master at the Essen Opera House in 1930, where he choreographed his signature ballet, The Green Table (1932). He moved his school and company to England in 1934, and his renamed Ballets Jooss toured worldwide until disbanding in 1947. He returned in 1949 to Essen, where he continued to choreograph works that combined ballet and modern dance in an Expressionist style.

Jooss in The Green Table, c. 1935

H. Roger-Viollet

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▪ German dancer and choreographer

born Jan. 12, 1901, Wasseralfingen, Ger.
died May 22, 1979, Heilbronn, W.Ger.
 German dancer, teacher, and choreographer whose dance dramas combined Expressionistic modern-dance movements with fundamental ballet technique.

      Initially a music student, Jooss trained in dance from 1920 to 1924 with Rudolf Laban (Laban, Rudolf) and then worked as choreographer for the avant-garde Neue Tanzbühne (“New Dance Stage”). After studying ballet in Vienna and Paris, Jooss returned to Germany and established a school (1927) and company (1928). In 1930 he became ballet master at the Essen Opera House, where his own group performed. In 1932 he choreographed The Green Table, which won first prize in the choreographic competition organized by the International Archives of Dance in Paris. Subsequently his group became known as Ballets Jooss and made a world tour during 1933 and 1934. Because Adolf Hitler had come to power, Jooss did not return to Germany but with Sigurd Leeder made his headquarters at Dartington Hall, Devon, Eng., where many students came to study his approach to dance. Jooss returned to Essen in 1949, as a British citizen, and reopened his school. His company was disbanded in 1953 (and he retired as school director in 1968), but he reorganized the company for festivals during 1963 and 1964.

      Jooss's masterpiece, The Green Table, is a caustic satire on the futility of war. His other ballets, which include The Big City (1932) and The Seven Heroes (1933), also have contemporary themes or implications. Jooss retained basic ballet steps and positions in his choreography and made extensive use of expressive gesture but eliminated such displays of virtuosity as the use of points and multiple pirouettes. At his school at Dartington Hall and later at Essen, Jooss formalized his approach by further developing eukinetics, a system originated by Laban and designed to enable a dancer to perform a wide variety of dance styles with expression and control. Through his eclectic choreography and his teaching, Jooss expanded the technical and thematic range of theatrical dance.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jooss, Kurt — (12 ene. 1901, Wasseralfingen, Alemania–22 may. 1979, Heilbronn, Alemania Occidental). Bailarín, profesor y coreógrafo alemán. Después de estudiar danza con Rudolf Laban (1920–24), fundó una escuela y una compañía. Llegó a ser maestro de ballet… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jooss, Kurt —    см. Йосс, Курт …   Энциклопедический словарь экспрессионизма

  • JOOSS (K.) — JOOSS KURT (1901 1979) Danseur et chorégraphe allemand, né à Wasseralfingen (Wurtemberg) et mort à Heilbronn. Après des études musicales et d’art dramatique au conservatoire de Stuttgart, le danseur et chorégraphe allemand Kurt Jooss rencontre… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jooss — Jooss,   Kurt, Tänzer, Choreograph und Ballettmeister, * Wasseralfingen 12. 1. 1901, ✝ Heilbronn 22. 5. 1979; Schüler von R. von Laban, Mitbegründer und seit 1927 erster Direktor der Folkwangschule in Essen, wurde 1932 bekannt durch sein Ballett… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Kurt — /kerrt/, n. a male given name. * * * (as used in expressions) Cobain Kurt Eisner Kurt Gödel Kurt Jooss Kurt Lewin Kurt Schleicher Kurt von Schuschnigg Kurt von Schwitters Kurt Vonnegut Kurt Jr. Waldheim Kurt Weill Kurt Julian * * * …   Universalium

  • Kurt — (as used in expressions) Cobain, Kurt Eisner, Kurt Gödel, Kurt Jooss, Kurt Lewin, Kurt Schleicher, Kurt von Schuschnigg, Kurt von Schwitters, Kurt …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Kurt Jooss — (* 12. Januar 1901 in Wasseralfingen; † 22. Mai 1979 in Heilbronn) war ein deutscher Tänzer, Choreograf und Tanzpädagoge, der das deutsche Tanztheater maßgeblich beeinflusste. Er war Mitbegründer der Folkwangschule und Gründer des Folkwang… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kurt Jooss — (12 January 1901, Wasseralfingen, Germany ndash; 22 May 1979, Heilbronn, West Germany) was a German modern dancer and choreographer mixing classical ballet with theatre; he is also widely regarded as the founder of Dance Theatre or Tanztheater.… …   Wikipedia

  • Kurt Jooss — Naissance 12 janvier 1901 Wasseralfingen en Allemagne Décès 22 mai 1979 Heilbronn en Allemagne Activité principale Danseur et chorégraphe Style …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Kurt Jooss — (12 de enero de 1901, Wasseralfingen 22 de mayo de 1979, Heilbronn) fue un profesor, bailarín y coreógrafo alemán. Después de estudiar danza con Rudolf Laban inauguró una escuela y su compañía llamada Ballets Jooss. Se volvió maestro de danza en… …   Wikipedia Español


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