Joliot-Curie, (Jean-) Frédéric


Joliot-Curie, (Jean-) Frédéric
orig. Jean-Frédéric Joliot

born March 19, 1900, Paris, France
died Aug. 14, 1958, Arcouest

French physical chemist.

In 1926 he married Irène Curie (1900–58), daughter of Pierre and Marie Curie; he would eventually append her name to his. In 1932 he first observed production of an electron-positron pair. Frédéric and Irène are remembered for their discovery of new radioactive isotopes prepared artificially, for which they were jointly awarded a 1935 Nobel Prize. Frédéric served in the Resistance during World War II and became a member of the Communist Party; in the postwar years he served as the highest government official in the realm of atomic energy but was dismissed for his political beliefs. From 1946 to 1956 Irène directed the Radium Institute, where she had first worked in 1918; Frédéric succeeded her in the post. Both died of conditions caused by their long exposure to radioactivity.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Joliot-Curie, (Jean-) Frédéric — orig. Jean Frédéric Joliot (19 mar. 1900, París, Francia–14 ago. 1958, Arcouest). Fisicoquímico francés. En 1926 se casó con Irène Curie (n. 1900–m. 1958), hija de Pierre y Marie Curie, y finalmente añadiría el nombre de ella al suyo. En 1932 fue …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Frederic Joliot-Curie — Frédéric Joliot Curie auf einer DDR Briefmarke Als Vorsitzender des W …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jean-Frederic Joliot — noun French nuclear physicist who was Marie Curie s assistant and who worked with Marie Curie s daughter who he married (taking the name Joliot Curie); he and his wife discovered how to synthesize new radioactive elements (1900 1958) • Syn:… …   Useful english dictionary

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  • Frédéric Joliot-Curie — Jean Frédéric Joliot Curie (* 19. März 1900 in Paris; † 14. August 1958 ebenda) war ein französischer Physiker. 1935 erhielt er gemeinsam mit seiner Ehefrau Irène Joliot Curie den Chemienobelpreis. Leben Irèn …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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