Jiménez de Quesada, Gonzalo


Jiménez de Quesada, Gonzalo
born с 1495, Córdoba or Granada, Spain
died Feb. 16, 1579, Mariquita, New Granada

Spanish conquistador.

He went to the New World as a colonial chief magistrate, then in 1536 he led an expedition of 900 men up the Magdalena River into the central plain of New Granada (modern Colombia), defeating the Chibcha Indians to win the land for Spain. In 1538 two rival conquistadores challenged his claim of conquest; the case was submitted to the crown in Madrid and was inconclusively settled, but Jiménez became the most influential person in New Granada. In 1569 he set out in search of the mythical El Dorado with 500 men; he returned in 1571 with only 25 of his original company.

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▪ Spanish conquistador
born c. 1495, , Córdoba or Granada, Spain
died Feb. 16, 1579, Mariquita, New Granada [now in Colombia]

      Spanish conquistador who led the expedition that won the region of New Granada (Colombia) for Spain.

      Trained as a lawyer in Granada, Quesada sailed to the New World in 1535 to serve as the chief magistrate for the colony of Santa Marta, on the northern coast of South America. The following year, although he had no military experience, Quesada led an expedition of 900 men up the Magdalena River into the interior of New Granada. After eight months of marching through tropical forests and struggling with hostile Indians, the expedition succeeded in penetrating the great central plain of Colombia—the land of the Chibcha Indians, a group of tribes that had attained a relatively high state of culture. The ruler of the Chibchas, the Zipa of Bogotá, fled as Quesada's army approached, and the conquest appeared to be accomplished. Toward the end of 1538, however, two rival conquistadores—Sebastián de Belalcázar from Quito and Nikolaus Federmann from Venezuela—challenged Quesada's claim to the New Granada triumph. The three rivals agreed to submit their case to Madrid. In July 1539 Quesada sailed from Cartagena to Spain to plead before the crown his right of conquest, but he succeeded only in winning for himself an honorary title.

      On his return to New Granada, he became at once the most influential person in the colony, protecting the colonists from the severity of officials and restraining the rapacity of the comenderos (large landholders). Yet his own thirst for conquest (and for gold) was not yet quenched. In 1569 he set out with 500 men to search for the mythical Eldorado but returned after two years' wanderings with only 25 of his original company. The least contentious of the great conquistadores, he retired to La Suesca, his country house, where he wrote a book about his campaigns, which has been lost. He died of leprosy.

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Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

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