Jarrell, Randall


Jarrell, Randall
born May 6, 1914, Nashville, Tenn., U.S.
died Oct. 14, 1965, Chapel Hill, N.C.

U.S. poet and critic.

He taught at the University of North Carolina (Greensboro) from 1947 until his death. As a critic, he revitalized the reputations of Robert Frost, Walt Whitman, and William Carlos Williams in the 1950s; his criticism is collected in Poetry and the Age (1953), A Sad Heart at the Supermarket (1962), and the posthumous Third Book of Criticism (1969). His poems appeared in Little Friend, Little Friend (1945) and Losses (1948), both drawing on his wartime experiences, and such later collections as The Seven-League Crutches (1951) and The Woman at the Washington Zoo (1960). He was killed when he stepped in front of a moving car.

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▪ American poet and critic
born May 6, 1914, Nashville, Tennessee, U.S.
died October 14, 1965, Chapel Hill, North Carolina
 American poet, novelist, and critic who is noted for revitalizing the reputations of Robert Frost, Walt Whitman, and William Carlos Williams in the 1950s.

      Childhood was one of the major themes of Jarrell's verse, and he wrote about his own extensively in The Lost World (1965). With an M.A. from Vanderbilt University (1938), he began his career as a teacher. His first book of verse, Blood for a Stranger, was published in 1942, the same year he joined the U.S. Army Air Forces. Many of his best poems appeared in Little Friend, Little Friend (1945) and Losses (1948), both of which dwell on war-based themes.

      Jarrell taught at Sarah Lawrence College in Bronxville, New York (1946–47), and his only novel, the sharply satirical Pictures from an Institution (1954), is about a similar progressive women's college. He was a teacher at the University of North Carolina at Greensboro from 1947 until his death in a road accident, which may or may not have been a suicide, and from 1956 to 1958 he served as poetry consultant to the Library of Congress (now poet laureate consultant in poetry). He was widely considered the shrewdest literary critic of his day.

      Jarrell's criticism has been collected in Poetry and the Age (1953), A Sad Heart at the Supermarket (1962), and The Third Book of Criticism (1969). Jarrell's later poetry—The Seven-League Crutches (1951), The Woman at the Washington Zoo (1960), and The Lost World—restored an openness to emotion (some called it sentimentality) rarely found in works of “academic” poets of the period. His Complete Poems appeared in 1969, and a selection of his critical essays, No Other Book, was published in 2000.

Additional Reading
Mary von Schrader Jarrell, Remembering Randall (1999), is a memoir by Jarrell's wife.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Jarrell,Randall — Jar·rell (jə rĕlʹ), Randall. 1914 1965. American poet and critic. His poems, published in collections such as Little Friend, Little Friend (1945), concern war, loneliness, and art. * * * …   Universalium

  • Jarrell, Randall — (6 may. 1914, Nashville, Tenn., EE.UU.–14 oct. 1965, Chapel Hill, N.C.). Poeta y crítico estadounidense. Fue docente en la Universidad de Carolina del Norte (Greensboro) desde 1947 hasta su muerte. Como crítico, contribuyó a revitalizar la… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jarrell, Randall —    см. Джаррелл, Рэнделл …   Писатели США. Краткие творческие биографии

  • Randall Jarrell — (May 06, 1914 – October 14, 1965), was a United States poet, novelist, critic, children s author and essayist. LifeJarrell was a native of Nashville, Tennessee and graduated from Vanderbilt University. At Vanderbilt, he was acquainted with poets… …   Wikipedia

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  • Randall Jarrell — (6 mai 1914 – 15 octobre 1965), était un poète, écrivain et critique des États Unis d Amérique. Biographie Né à Nashville (Tennessee), Randall Jarrell fait ses études à l université Vanderbilt. Il y rencontre le groupe de poètes des Fugitives . C …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Randall Jarrell — (* 6. Mai 1914 in Nashville, Tennessee, Vereinigte Staaten; † 14. Oktober 1965) war ein US amerikanischer Dichter, Literaturkritiker, Kinderbuchautor, Essayist und Novellist. Er war der elfte Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry der Library of… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Randall (given name) — Randall is a male given name.Origins* Randall or Randolph are both derived from the Old English Randwulf or Old Norse Randólfr ( shieldwolf ), from rand (ON rönd ) the rim of a shield and wulf (ON úlfr ) wolf , a kenning meaning hunter or enemy… …   Wikipedia

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