Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile


Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile
born July 6, 1865, Vienna, Austria
died July 1, 1950, Geneva, Switz.

Swiss music educator and composer.

He studied composition with Anton Bruckner, Gabriel Fauré, and Léo Delibes, and in 1892 he became professor of harmony at the Geneva Conservatory. In the early 20th century he experimented with new methods of music education, which evolved into eurythmics, a system in which bodily movements are used to represent musical rhythms. In 1914, having left the conservatory, he founded the Institut Jaques-Dalcroze in Geneva to teach and promulgate his new method.

* * *

▪ Swiss composer
born July 6, 1865, Vienna, Austria
died July 1, 1950, Geneva, Switz.
 Swiss music teacher and composer who originated the eurythmics system of musical instruction.

      In his youth Jaques-Dalcroze studied composition and by 1892 was professor of harmony at the Geneva Conservatory. Convinced that current methods of training professional musicians needed reform, he revised the teaching of harmony and developed his system of rhythmic education, in which bodily movements are used to represent musical rhythms. About 1905 he applied eurythmics to elementary school children and later demonstrated his controversial methods in England and on the European continent. In 1910 he founded the first school for eurythmic instruction at Hellerau, Ger., and in 1914 established a central school in Geneva, which he headed until his death.

      Eurythmics was designed to deepen awareness of musical rhythms and aimed “to create by the help of rhythm a rapid and regular current of communication between brain and body.” His pupils were taught to indicate note values by movements of the feet and body and time values by movements of the arms. The Dalcroze method (or a modified version of it) was frequently used to give plastic expression to fugues, symphonies, and operas. Eurythmics also influenced the development of 20th-century dance through the contributions of such students as Rudolf Laban (Laban, Rudolf), Mary Wigman (Wigman, Mary), Hanya Holm (Holm, Hanya), Marie Rambert (Rambert, Dame Marie), Kurt Jooss (Jooss, Kurt), and Uday Shankar (Shankar, Uday).

      Jaques-Dalcroze, who had studied with Anton Bruckner (Bruckner, Anton) and Robert Fuchs in Vienna and with Léo Delibes (Delibes, Léo) in Paris, wrote three string quartets and two violin concerti, as well as numerous pieces for the piano. His arrangements of popular songs, children's rounds, and chansons de geste were used for the teaching of eurythmics in schools. He also published the Méthode Jaques-Dalcroze (5 parts, 1907–14); Eurythmics, Art and Education (1930); and Rhythm, Music and Education (1922).

* * *


Universalium. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile — ► (1865 1950) Compositor suizo. Fue el creador de la gimnasia rítmica. Autor de Sancho Panza y El violón maldito. * * * (6 jul. 1865, Viena, Austria–1 jul. 1950, Ginebra, Suiza). Profesor de música y compositor suizo. Estudió composición con… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jaques-Dalcroze, Émile — pseud. di Jaques, Émile …   Sinonimi e Contrari. Terza edizione

  • Jaques-Dalcroze — Jaques Dalcroze, Émile …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Emile Jaques-Dalcroze — (* 6. Juli 1865 in Wien; † 1. Juli 1950 in Genf), war ein Schweizer Komponist und Musikpädagoge. Jaques Dalcroze, mitunter auch (falsch) Jacques Dalcroze geschrieben, gilt als der Begründer der rhythmisch musikalischen Erziehung. Dalcroze war… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Jaques-Dalcroze — Emile Jaques Dalcroze (* 6. Juli 1865 in Wien; † 1. Juli 1950 in Genf), war ein Schweizer Komponist und Musikpädagoge. Jaques Dalcroze, mitunter auch (falsch) Jacques Dalcroze geschrieben, gilt als der Begründer der rhythmisch musikalischen… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Émile Jaques-Dalcroze — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Émile Jaques Dalcroze Émile Jaques Dalcroze (Viena, Austria, 6 de julio de 1865 Ginebra 1 de julio de 1950), músico, compositor y un educador musical que desarrolló un método para el aprend …   Wikipedia Español

  • JAQUES-DALCROZE (É.) — JAQUES DALCROZE ÉMILE (1865 1950) Pédagogue et compositeur suisse, né à Vienne et mort à Genève. Professeur d’harmonie au Conservatoire de Genève en 1892, convaincu de la nécessité de réformer les méthodes habituelles de formation des musiciens… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Jaques-Dalcroze — (émile) (1865 1950) compositeur et pédagogue suisse. Inventeur d une méthode de gymnastique rythmique qui porte son nom, il fonda à Genève un institut spécialisé (1914) …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Émile Jaques-Dalcroze — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Jacques. Émile Jaques Dalcroze, né le 6 juillet 1865 à Vienne et mort le 1er juillet 1950 à Genève, est un musicien, compositeur, pédagogue et chansonnier suisse . Il est en particulier le… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Émile Jaques-Dalcroze — The title of this article contains the character É. Where it is unavailable or not desired, the name may be represented as Emile Jaques Dalcroze. Émile Jaques Dalcroze Émile Jaques Dalcroze (July 6, 1865 – July 1, 1950), was a Swiss composer,… …   Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.