Jakobson, Roman (Osipovich)


Jakobson, Roman (Osipovich)
born Oct. 11, 1896, Moscow, Russia
died July 18, 1982, Boston, Mass., U.S.

Russian-born U.S. linguist.

Born and educated in Moscow, Jakobson moved to Prague in 1920; the European political situation forced him to flee to Scandinavia in 1938 and to the U.S. in 1941. He taught at Harvard University (1949–67). His interests ranged from folk epics and the cultural history of the Slavs to general phonology, the morphology of the Slavic languages, and speech acquisition. His preoccupation with contrast and opposition is reflected in his analysis of the Russian case system (1938), a brilliant analysis of the Russian verbal system (1948), and preeminently in his work on distinctive features in phonology.

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Universalium. 2010.

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  • Jakobson, Roman (Osipovich) — (11 oct. 1896, Moscú, Rusia–18 jul. 1982, Boston, Mass., EE.UU.). Lingüista estadounidense de origen ruso. Nacido y educado en Moscú, Jakobson se trasladó a Praga en 1920. La situación política europea lo obligó a escapar a Escandinavia en 1938 y …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jakobson, Roman — ▪ American linguist Russian  Roman Osipovich Jakobson   born Oct. 11 [Sept. 29, Old Style], 1896, Moscow, Russia died July 18, 1982, Boston, Mass., U.S.       Russian born American linguist and Slavic language scholar, a principal founder of the… …   Universalium

  • Roman Osipovich Jakobson — noun United States linguist (born in Russia) noted for his description of the universals of phonology (1896 1982) • Syn: ↑Jakobson, ↑Roman Jakobson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑linguist, ↑linguistic scientist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Román — (del fr. «roman»; ant.) m. Idioma español. ≃ Romance. * * * román. (Del fr. roman). m. ant. Idioma español. * * * Román, Antonio Román, san …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Roman — román (del fr. «roman»; ant.) m. Idioma español. ≃ Romance. * * * román. (Del fr. roman). m. ant. Idioma español. * * * ► C. del NE de Rumania, en Moldavia, distrito de Neamtƒ; 78 749 h. * * * (as used in expressions) Jakobson, Roman (Osipovich)… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Jakobson — noun United States linguist (born in Russia) noted for his description of the universals of phonology (1896 1982) • Syn: ↑Roman Jakobson, ↑Roman Osipovich Jakobson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑linguist, ↑linguistic scientist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Roman Jakobson — noun United States linguist (born in Russia) noted for his description of the universals of phonology (1896 1982) • Syn: ↑Jakobson, ↑Roman Osipovich Jakobson • Instance Hypernyms: ↑linguist, ↑linguistic scientist …   Useful english dictionary

  • Roman — /roh meuhn/, adj. 1. of or pertaining to the ancient or modern city of Rome, or to its inhabitants and their customs and culture: Roman restaurants. 2. of or pertaining to the ancient kingdom, republic, and empire whose capital was the city of… …   Universalium

  • roman — /rddaw mahonn /, n., pl. romans / mahonn /. French. 1. a metrical narrative, esp. in medieval French literature. 2. a novel. * * * I Typeface used most widely in Western typography, the general term for the type of this book s text. Characterized …   Universalium

  • Roman Jakobson — Roman Osipovich Jakobson, (Russian, Роман Осипович Якобсон), (11 October 1896 – 18 July 1982) was a Russian linguist and literary critic, associated with the Formalist school. He became one of the most influential linguists of the 20th century by …   Wikipedia


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