- Jacobean age
Period in the visual and literary arts during the reign of James I (Latin Jacobus) of England (r. 1603–25).Jacobean architecture combines motifs from the late Gothic period with Classical details and Tudor pointed arches and interior paneling. Jacobean furniture, made of oak, featured heavy forms and bulbous legs. Inigo Jones, following the theories and works of Andrea Palladio, introduced the Classical style of Renaissance architecture into England. Most Jacobean portraitists and sculptors were foreign-born or foreign-influenced, and their efforts faded when such Flemish painters as Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony Van Dyck worked in England for James's successor, Charles I. See also Jacobean literature.
* * *▪ visual and literary arts(from Latin Jacobus, “James”), period of visual and literary arts during the reign of James I of England (1603–25). The distinctions between the early Jacobean and the preceding Elizabethan styles are subtle ones, often merely a question of degree, for although the dynasty changed, there was no distinct stylistic transition.In architecture (Western architecture) the Jacobean age is characterized by a combination of motifs from the late Perpendicular Gothic period with clumsy and imperfectly understood classical details, in which the influence of Flanders was strong. The Tudor pointed arch is common, and in interior work there is considerable simple Tudor paneling and an occasional use of Perpendicular vaulting forms. Doorways, fireplaces, and the like are usually framed with classical forms, and both outside and inside there is a wide use of terms, pilasters, S-scrolls, and the type of pierced, flat ornament known as strapwork. Jacobean furniture pieces are usually of oak and are notable for their heavy forms and bulbous legs. It was during the Jacobean period, however, that the designer Inigo Jones (Jones, Inigo) introduced the first fully realized Renaissance classical style of architecture into England with his design of the Banqueting House, Whitehall (1619–22). Jones's style was based on the theories and works of Andrea Palladio, and Palladianism subsequently became a widely adopted architectural style in England.During this period, painting and sculpture (Western sculpture) lagged behind architecture in accomplishments because there was no outstanding practitioner of either. The chief of the early Jacobean painters was the talented miniaturist Isaac Oliver. Most of the Jacobean portraitists, like the sculptors, were foreign-born or foreign-influenced—for example, Marcus Gheerhaerts the Younger, Paul van Somer, Cornelius Johnson, and Daniel Mytens. Their efforts were later surpassed by those of the Flemish painters Peter Paul Rubens and Anthony Van Dyck, who worked in England during the reign of Charles I.In literature, too, many themes and patterns were carried over from the preceding Elizabethan era. Though rich, Jacobean literature is often darkly questioning. William Shakespeare's (Shakespeare, William) greatest tragedies were written between about 1601 and 1607. Other Jacobean dramatic writers became preoccupied with the problem of evil: the plays of John Webster, John Marston, Thomas Middleton, and George Chapman induce all the terror of tragedy but little of its pity. Comedy was best represented by the acid satire of Ben Jonson (Jonson, Ben) and by the varied works of Francis Beaumont and John Fletcher. Another feature of drama at this time, however, was the development of the extravagant courtly entertainment known as the masque, which reached its literary peak in the works of Jonson and Inigo Jones. Jonson's comparatively lucid and graceful verse and the writings of his Cavalier successors constituted one of the two main streams of Jacobean poetry. The other poetic stream lay in the intellectual complexity of John Donne and the Metaphysical poets. In prose, Francis Bacon and Robert Burton were among the writers who displayed a new toughness and flexibility of style. The monumental prose achievement of the era was the great King James Version of the Bible, which first appeared in 1611.
* * *
Look at other dictionaries:
age — /ayj/, n., v., aged, aging or ageing. n. 1. the length of time during which a being or thing has existed; length of life or existence to the time spoken of or referred to: trees of unknown age; His age is 20 years. 2. a period of human life,… … Universalium
Jacobean — adjective Etymology: New Latin Jacobaeus, from Jacobus James Date: 1844 of, relating to, or characteristic of James I of England or his age • Jacobean noun … New Collegiate Dictionary
The Golden Age Restored — was a Jacobean era masque, written by Ben Jonson and designed by Inigo Jones; it was performed on January 1 and January 6, 1616, almost certainly at Whitehall Palace.The showSomewhat less is known about this masque that others of the Jacobean era … Wikipedia
Robert Browne (Jacobean actor) — Robert Browne (1563 ndash; c. 1622) was an English actor and theatre manager and investor of the later sixteenth and early seventeenth centuries. He was also part of a long standing confusion in the scholarship of English Renaissance theatre. Two … Wikipedia
theatre, Western — ▪ art Introduction history of the Western theatre from its origins in pre Classical antiquity to the present. For a discussion of drama as a literary form, see dramatic literature and the articles on individual national literatures.… … Universalium
Anne of Denmark — Infobox British Royalty|majesty|consort name = Anne of Denmark title = Queen consort of Scotland, England, and Ireland caption = Queen Anne in mourning for Prince Henry reign =20 August 1589 – 2 March 1619 24 March 1603 – 2 March 1619 reign type … Wikipedia
interior design — 1. the design and coordination of the decorative elements of the interior of a house, apartment, office, or other structural space, including color schemes, fittings, furnishings, and sometimes architectural features. 2. the art, business, or… … Universalium
Stuart style — Style of visual arts produced in Britain during the reign of the house of Stuart (1603–1714, excepting the interregnum of Oliver Cromwell). Though the period encompassed several specific stylistic movements, artists through much of the period… … Universalium
Peter Milward — Infobox Writer imagesize = 150px name = Peter Christopher Milward caption = pseudonym = birthdate = 1925 birthplace = deathdate = deathplace = occupation = Jesuit priest, professor nationality = British period = 20th century genre = subject =… … Wikipedia
House of Stuart — Royal house surname = House of Stuart estate = Scotland, England, Ireland and Great Britain coat of arms = parent house = Clan Stuart country = Scotland titles = High Steward of Scotland, Earl of Lennox, Duke of Aubigny, Earl of Moray, Marquess… … Wikipedia